A rare genetic variant in the manganese transporter SLC30A10 and elevated liver enzymes in the general population

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Background: A genetic variant in the manganese transporter SLC30A10 (rs188273166, p.Thr95Ile) was associated with increased plasma alanine transaminase (ALT) in a recent genome-wide association study in the UK Biobank (UKB). The aims of the present study were to test the association of rs188273166 with ALT in an independent cohort, and to begin to assess the clinical, hepatic, and biochemical phenotypes associated with the variant. Methods: We included n = 334,886 white participants from UKB, including 14,462 with hepatic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and n = 113,612 individuals from the Copenhagen City Heart Study and the Copenhagen General Population Study combined. Results: Genotyping SLC30A10 p.Thr95Ile identified 816 heterozygotes in the UKB and 111 heterozygotes in the Copenhagen cohort. Compared to noncarriers, heterozygotes had 4 and 5 U/L higher levels of ALT in the UKB and Copenhagen cohort, respectively, and 3 U/L higher plasma aspartate transaminase and gamma-glutamyl transferase in the UKB. Heterozygotes also had higher corrected T1 on liver MRI, a marker of hepatic inflammation (p = 4 × 10–7), but no change in MRI-quantified steatosis (p = 0.57). Plasma manganese was within the normal range in nine heterozygotes that provided new blood samples. SLC30A10 p.Thr95Ile heterozygotes had an eightfold increased risk of biliary tract cancer in UKB (p = 4 × 10–7), but this association was not replicated in the Copenhagen cohort. Conclusions: SLC30A10 p.Thr95Ile was associated with elevated liver enzymes in two large general population cohorts, and with MRI-quantified hepatic inflammation. Graphical abstract: A rare genetic variant (p.Thr95Ile) in the manganese transporter SLC30A10 is associated with elevated plasma alanine transaminase (ALT) and higher corrected T1 on liver MRI, markers of liver inflammation. These data support that the variant may increase the risk of liver disease. [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

TidsskriftHepatology International
Udgave nummer3
Sider (fra-til)702-711
StatusUdgivet - 2022

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© 2022, Asian Pacific Association for the Study of the Liver.

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