Detection of Circulating Peanut Components in Serum after Ingestion

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelfagfællebedømt

  • Baumann, Katrine
  • Per Stahl Skov
  • Esben Eller
  • Bjarne Kristensen
  • Carsten Bindslev-Jensen
ntroduction: Detection of specific food allergens brought into circulation following ingestion is complicated by the minute amounts present in serum. We therefore aimed to assess the utility of selective removal of IgE against peanut components using ImmunoCAP combined with the basophil histamine release (HR) assay (BHRA) to identify the absorbed allergen components after ingestion of peanut. Methods: Serum from six healthy individuals was drawn before and 1 h after ingestion of 100 g peanut. Serum from two peanut allergic patients was depleted for IgE against single allergen components by incubation with ImmunoCAPs coupled with either Ara h 1; 2; 3 or 6 before donor basophils were passively sensitized with the serum preparations. The sensitized cells were challenged with serum obtained from the six individuals before and after ingestion of peanut, and HR was measured after serum provocation. Results: Ara h 2 and Ara h 6 were detected in serum 1 h after ingestion in 6/6 individuals by negative selection. Depletion of specific IgE against Ara h 2 or Ara h 6 almost completely abolished the response to serum provocation, indicating a sequence homology between the two allergen components in serum. Ara h 1 was demonstrated in 5/6 sera and Ara h 3 in 1/6 sera. Conclusion: This study is a proof of concept showing that passive sensitization of basophils with sera depleted of component-specific IgE can be used to identify food allergen components present in serum after ingestion.
TidsskriftInternational Archives of Allergy and Immunology
StatusUdgivet - 2022
Eksternt udgivetJa

ID: 300378304