Worsening Postural Tachycardia Syndrome Is Associated With Increased Glucose-Dependent Insulinotropic Polypeptide Secretion

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BACKGROUND: Postural tachycardia syndrome (POTS) is characterized by excessive upright tachycardia and disabling presyncopal symptoms, which are exacerbated after consuming a high-carbohydrate meal; it is unknown, however, what is the precise underlying mechanism. We seek to investigate the effect of glucose intake on orthostatic hemodynamic changes and gastrointestinal hormone secretion in POTS. METHODS: Prospective, case-control study, 12 women with POTS who reported a postprandial worsening of their POTS symptoms and 13 age-matched female controls received 75-g oral glucose and 20 mg/kg acetaminophen to assess nutrient absorption. Hemodynamic, gastrointestinal hormone and acetaminophen levels were measured for up to 120 minutes postingestion while supine and standing. RESULTS: Patients with POTS had significant orthostatic tachycardia, 48.7±11.2 versus 23.3±8.1 bpm, P=0.012 and elevated upright norepinephrine levels, 835.2±368.4 versus 356.9±156.7 pg/mL, P=0.004. After oral glucose, upright heart rate significantly increased in POTS, 21.2±11.9% versus 6.0±19.9%, P=0.033 with a concomitant decline in upright stroke volume, -10.3±11.90% versus 3.3±13.7%, P=0.027; total peripheral resistance, blood pressure and cardiac output remained unaltered. Acetaminophen rate of appearance was similar between groups (P=0.707), indicating comparable nutrient absorption rates. POTS had increased plasma levels of C-peptide (P=0.001), GIP (glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide; P=0.001), peptide YY (P=0.016), and pancreatic polypeptide (P=0.04) following glucose consumption, but only GIP had a time-dependent association with the worsening upright tachycardia and stroke volume fall. CONCLUSIONS: The glucose-induced worsening orthostatic tachycardia in POTS was associated with a decline in SV; these changes occurred while GIP, a splanchnic vasodilator, was maximally elevated.

Original languageEnglish
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)e89-e99
Publication statusPublished - 2022

    Research areas

  • blood pressure, carbohydrates, glucose, heart rate, incretins, tachycardia

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