Punching above their weight, but why? Explaining Denmark and Estonia in the transatlantic relationship

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This article asks why Denmark and Estonia have eagerly attempted to ‘punch above their weight’ in the transatlantic relationship since the end of the Cold War and shows how they differ in their strategies to do so. Using neoclassical realism as a
theoretical point of departure, the article explains how a combination of changing constraints in the strategic environment and elite interpretations of how these changes affected national security resulted in ‘super atlanticist’ alliance policies in
the two countries. Following this analysis, we discuss the future of super atlanticism.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Transatlantic Studies
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)392-419
Publication statusPublished - 2019

    Research areas

  • Faculty of Social Sciences - Small states, Transatlantic relations, Estonia, Denmark, Neoclassical realism, Alliance politics, Foreign Policy


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