Empowering consumers to PREVENT diet-related diseases through OMICS sciences (PREVENTOMICS): protocol for a parallel double-blinded randomised intervention trial to investigate biomarker-based nutrition plans for weight loss

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Introduction: Personalised nutrition holds immense potential over conventional one-size-fits-all approaches for preventing and treating diet-related diseases, such as obesity. The current study aims to examine whether a personalised nutritional plan produces more favourable health outcomes than a standard approach based on general dietary recommendations in subjects with overweight or obesity and elevated waist circumference.

Methods and analysis: This project is a 10-week parallel, double-blinded randomised intervention trial. We plan to include 100 adults aged 18-65 years interested in losing weight, with body mass index ≥27 but<40 kg/m2 and elevated waist circumference (males >94 cm; females >80 cm). Participants will be categorised into one of five predefined 'clusters' based on their individual metabolic biomarker profile and genetic background, and will be randomised in a 1:1 ratio to one of two groups: (1) personalised plan group that will receive cluster-specific meals every day for 6 days a week, in conjunction with a personalised behavioural change programme via electronic push notifications; or (2) control group that will receive meals following the general dietary recommendations in conjunction with generic health behaviour prompts. The primary outcome is the difference between groups (personalised vs control) in the change in fat mass from baseline. Secondary outcomes include changes in weight and body composition, fasting blood glucose and insulin, lipid profile, adipokines, inflammatory biomarkers, and blood pressure. Other outcomes involve measures of physical activity and sleep patterns, health-related quality of life, dietary intake, eating behaviour, and biomarkers of food intake. The effect of the intervention on the primary outcome will be analysed by means of linear mixed models.

Ethics and dissemination: The protocol has been approved by the Ethics Committee of the Capital Region, Copenhagen, Denmark. Study findings will be disseminated through peer-reviewed publications, conference presentations and media outlets.

Trial registration number: NCT04590989.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere051285
JournalB M J Open
Issue number3
Number of pages12
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Bibliographical note

© Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2022. Re-use permitted under CC BY. Published by BMJ.

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