Drug-related challenges following primary total hip and knee arthroplasty

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We aimed to characterize the in-hospital analgesic use among total hip or knee arthroplasty (THA or TKA) patients, and to identify possible drug-related challenges. We identified 15 263 patients operated with a THA or TKA between 1 January 2012 and 30 April 2016. The prevalence of analgesic users and patients with potential clinically relevant drug-drug interactions (DDIs), along with the prevalence of readmission among patients with vs. without a DDI, were calculated. A DDI was defined as the combination of (A) a diuretic, an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor or an angiotensin II receptor blocker, and an non-steroidal anti-inflammatory Drug (NSAID); (B) warfarin and an NSAID; and (C) a benzodiazepine or a benzodiazepine-related drug and an opioid. The prevalence of analgesics administered in THA and TKA patients was 99.3% and 99.1% for paracetamol and 93.8% and 98.8% for opioids, respectively. The prevalence of patients who received interaction A, B or C was 8.4%, 2.5% and 40.7%, respectively. Patients with vs. without a DDI had a higher prevalence of 30-day readmission. In conclusion, most THA and TKA patients were administered paracetamol or opioids. The prevalence of 30-day readmission was higher in patients with than in patients without a potential clinically relevant DDI.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBasic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)139-147
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Nordic Association for the Publication of BCPT (former Nordic Pharmacological Society)

    Research areas

  • analgesic drugs, drug interactions, inappropriate prescriptions, total hip replacement, total knee replacement

ID: 273652749