Bioaccessibility assessment of arsenic and cadmium in polished and unpolished rice: Comparison of three in vitro methods

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INFOGEST is a standardized in vitro digestion method suitable for foods, but rarely used to study the bioaccessibility of heavy metals in food. This study aimed to explore the differences between INFOGEST and the extensively used Physiologically Based Extraction Test (PBET) and Unified Bioaccessibility Research Group of Europe Method (UBM) methods for determining the bioaccessibility of As and Cd in rice. Intestinal As (79.3 ± 8.5 %, 75.8 ± 12.7 %, and 72.3 ± 12.2 % for INFOGEST, PBET, and UBM, respectively) and Cd (47.0 ± 6.4 %, 40.7 ± 13.8 %, and 38.1 ± 15.7 % for INFOGEST, PBET, and UBM, respectively) bioaccessibilities in the rice samples determined by the three methods were generally similar (p > 0.1, except for As bioaccessibility between INFOGEST and UBM). Furthermore, PBET was significantly correlated with INFOGEST for As bioaccessibility (R2 = 0.416) and with UBM for Cd bioaccessibility (R2 = 0.879). Additionally, PBET indicated that the bioaccessibilities of As and Cd in the polished rice were 17.0 % and 19.8 % higher, respectively, than that in the unpolished rice. This study highlights the influence of in vitro methods and rice matrices on heavy metal bioaccessibility values, necessitating a more accurate assessment of health risks associated with rice consumption.

Original languageEnglish
Article number113853
JournalFood Research International
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Elsevier Ltd

    Research areas

  • Brown rice, Heavy metals, INFOGEST, PBET, Rice matrices, UBM, White rice

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