The Rac2 GTPase contributes to cathepsin H-mediated protection against cytokine-induced apoptosis in insulin-secreting cells

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The type 1 diabetes (T1D) risk locus on chromosome 15q25.1 harbors the candidate gene CTSH (cathepsin H). We previously demonstrated that CTSH regulates beta-cell function in vitro and in vivo. CTSH overexpression protected insulin-secreting INS-1 cells against cytokine-induced apoptosis. The purpose of the present study was to identify the genes through which CTSH mediates its protective effects. Micmarray analysis identified 63 annotated genes differentially expressed between CTSH-overexpressing INS-1 cells and control cells treated with interleukin-1 beta and interferon-gamma for up to 16h. Permutation test identified 10 significant genes across all timepoints: Elmod1, Fam49a, Gas7, Gnal5, Msrb3, Nox1, Ptgs1, Rac2, Scn7a and Ttn. Pathway analysis identified the "Inflammation mediated by chemokine and cytokine signaling pathway" with Gnal5, Ptgs1 and Rac2 as significant. Knockdown of Rac2 abolished the protective effect of CTSH overexpression on cytokine-induced apoptosis, suggesting that the small GTPase and T1D candidate gene Rac2 contributes to the anti-apoptotic effect of CTSH.

TidsskriftMolecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Antal sider11
StatusUdgivet - 2020

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