Team-sport training as a worthy alternative to fitness training for sedentary women with lifestyle diseases in a community health centre
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This study aimed to examine the health effects of fitness training and team-sport training in a pragmatic community health centre set-up for women with lifestyle diseases. The methods included training intensity evaluations and measurements of VO2max, blood pressure, body composition and exercise performance. In all, 40 women in the fitness training group (FG) and 34 women in the team-sport training group (TG) completed a test before they were offered 12–16 weeks of twice-weekly training sessions lasting 60–90 min and after. Mean heart rate during training was not significantly different (P = 0.569) between FG (72.7 ± 4.2%HRmax) and TG (71.4 ± 6.8%HRmax). TG achieved improvements in aerobic fitness of 0.9 ± 2.0 mlO2·kg·min−1 (P = 0.034) and in resting heart rate of 3.7 ± 9.1 bpm (P = 0.026), as well as in sit-to-stand performance (STS: 3.5 ± 3.3 stands · 30 s−1; P = 0.003) and 6‑min walking test performance (6MWT: 53 ± 29 m; P < 0.001), while fat percentage was reduced by 0.6 ± 1.6% (P = 0.038). FG achieved within-group improvements (P < 0.001) in STS performance (3.1 ± 2.8 stands · 30 s−1) and 6MWT performance (41 ± 47 m), with fat percentage reduced by 0.9 ± 1.7% (P = 0.003). Overall, the study revealed no significant between-group differences in training effects. However, there was a between-group difference in training attendance (P = 0.001), with the fitness group having the highest attendance (1.5 ± 0.4 vs. 1.1 ± 0.5 per week). In conclusion, small-sided team-sport training and fitness training conducted in a pragmatic set-up induce similar positive health effects for women with lifestyle diseases. Team-sport training is considered a feasible and worthy alternative to fitness training for sedentary women in community health centres.
|Tidsskrift||German Journal of Exercise and Sport Research|
|Status||Udgivet - 2020|
CURIS 2020 NEXS 025