Central and peripheral blood flow during exercise with a continuous-flow left ventricular assist device: constant versus increasing pump speed: a pilot study

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Background- End-stage heart failure is associated with impaired cardiac output (CO) and organ blood flow. We determined whether CO and peripheral perfusion are maintained during exercise in patients with an axial-flow left ventricular assist device (LVAD) and whether an increase in LVAD pump speed with work rate would increase organ blood flow. Methods and Results- Invasively determined CO and leg blood flow and Doppler-determined cerebral perfusion were measured during 2 incremental cycle exercise tests on the same day in 8 patients provided with a HeartMate II LVAD. In random order, patients exercised both with a constant (˜9775 rpm) and with an increasing pump speed (+400 rpm per exercise stage). At 60 W, the elevation in CO was more pronounced with increased pump speed (8.7±0.6 versus 8.1±1.1 L · min(-1); mean±SD; P=0.05), but at maximal exercise increases in CO (from 7.0±0.9 to 13.6±2.5 L · min(-1); P
TidsskriftCirculation. Heart Failure
Udgave nummer5
Sider (fra-til)554-560
Antal sider7
StatusUdgivet - 2011

Bibliografisk note

CURIS 2011 5200 091

ID: 34409226