Urban allotment gardens for the biomonitoring of atmospheric trace element pollution

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

This study evaluates the results of the characterization of air pollution in urban green areas using edible plants. To this purpose, we examined the effect of location (i.e., three different levels of pollution), substrate (peat moss and vermiculite), and plant species (oilseed rape [Brassica napus L.] and kale [Brassica oleracea L.]) on the accumulation of trace elements on leaves. A total of 36 samples of unwashed leaves were digested with HNO 3 –H 2 O 2 and analyzed for 27 elements by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Considering the location, plants exposed next to the road showed higher contents of traffic-related elements, and additionally, outdoors samples were enriched in marine aerosol ions. Cadmium and Pb concentrations did not exceed the European legal maximum levels for vegetables, so their consumption would be safe for human health. Results support the hypothesis that edible plants such as kale and rapeseed could be used as bioindicators of atmospheric pollution.

TidsskriftJournal of Environmental Quality
Udgave nummer2
Sider (fra-til)518-525
StatusUdgivet - 1 mar. 2019

ID: 224335598