Transmission of African swine fever virus from infected pigs by direct contact and aerosol routes

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Transmission of African swine fever virus from infected pigs by direct contact and aerosol routes. / Olesen, Ann Sofie; Lohse, Louise; Boklund, Anette; Halasa, Tariq; Gallardo, Carmina; Pejsak, Zygmunt; Belsham, Graham J.; Rasmussen, Thomas Bruun; Bøtner, Anette.

I: Veterinary Microbiology, Bind 211, 01.11.2017, s. 92-102.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Olesen, AS, Lohse, L, Boklund, A, Halasa, T, Gallardo, C, Pejsak, Z, Belsham, GJ, Rasmussen, TB & Bøtner, A 2017, 'Transmission of African swine fever virus from infected pigs by direct contact and aerosol routes', Veterinary Microbiology, bind 211, s. 92-102. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vetmic.2017.10.004

APA

Olesen, A. S., Lohse, L., Boklund, A., Halasa, T., Gallardo, C., Pejsak, Z., Belsham, G. J., Rasmussen, T. B., & Bøtner, A. (2017). Transmission of African swine fever virus from infected pigs by direct contact and aerosol routes. Veterinary Microbiology, 211, 92-102. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vetmic.2017.10.004

Vancouver

Olesen AS, Lohse L, Boklund A, Halasa T, Gallardo C, Pejsak Z o.a. Transmission of African swine fever virus from infected pigs by direct contact and aerosol routes. Veterinary Microbiology. 2017 nov 1;211:92-102. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vetmic.2017.10.004

Author

Olesen, Ann Sofie ; Lohse, Louise ; Boklund, Anette ; Halasa, Tariq ; Gallardo, Carmina ; Pejsak, Zygmunt ; Belsham, Graham J. ; Rasmussen, Thomas Bruun ; Bøtner, Anette. / Transmission of African swine fever virus from infected pigs by direct contact and aerosol routes. I: Veterinary Microbiology. 2017 ; Bind 211. s. 92-102.

Bibtex

@article{6aa8cf2d582345d4ad994631177be078,
title = "Transmission of African swine fever virus from infected pigs by direct contact and aerosol routes",
abstract = "In 2014, African swine fever virus (ASFV) was introduced into the Baltic states and Poland. Since then, the disease has continued to spread within these regions, and recently, cases were reported in the Czech Republic and Romania. Currently, there is an increasing risk of ASFV introduction into Western Europe. Hence, there is an urgent need to assess current contingency plans. For this purpose, knowledge of modes-of-transmission and clinical outcome in pigs infected with new European ASFV strains is needed. In the present study, two experiments were conducted in pigs using an isolate of ASFV from Poland (designated here POL/2015/Podlaskie/Lindholm). In both studies, pigs were inoculated intranasally with the virus and contact pigs were exposed to the experimentally infected pigs, either directly (contact within and between pens) or by air. Pigs exposed to the virus by intranasal inoculation, by direct contact to infected animals and by aerosol developed acute disease characterized by viremia, fever and depression. Infectious virus was first detected in blood obtained from the inoculated pigs and then sequentially among the within-pen, between-pen and air-contact pigs. ASFV DNA and occasionally infectious virus was found in nasal-, oral-, and rectal swabs obtained from the pigs, and ASFV DNA was detected in air samples. No anti-ASFV antibodies were detected in sera. In conclusion, the study shows that the currently circulating strain of ASFV can be efficiently transmitted via direct contact and by aerosols. Also, the results provide quantitative transmission parameters and knowledge of infection stages in pigs infected with this ASFV.",
keywords = "Air sampling, ASF, Haemorrhagic disease, Poland, Virus transmission",
author = "Olesen, {Ann Sofie} and Louise Lohse and Anette Boklund and Tariq Halasa and Carmina Gallardo and Zygmunt Pejsak and Belsham, {Graham J.} and Rasmussen, {Thomas Bruun} and Anette B{\o}tner",
year = "2017",
month = nov,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.vetmic.2017.10.004",
language = "English",
volume = "211",
pages = "92--102",
journal = "Veterinary Microbiology",
issn = "0378-1135",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Transmission of African swine fever virus from infected pigs by direct contact and aerosol routes

AU - Olesen, Ann Sofie

AU - Lohse, Louise

AU - Boklund, Anette

AU - Halasa, Tariq

AU - Gallardo, Carmina

AU - Pejsak, Zygmunt

AU - Belsham, Graham J.

AU - Rasmussen, Thomas Bruun

AU - Bøtner, Anette

PY - 2017/11/1

Y1 - 2017/11/1

N2 - In 2014, African swine fever virus (ASFV) was introduced into the Baltic states and Poland. Since then, the disease has continued to spread within these regions, and recently, cases were reported in the Czech Republic and Romania. Currently, there is an increasing risk of ASFV introduction into Western Europe. Hence, there is an urgent need to assess current contingency plans. For this purpose, knowledge of modes-of-transmission and clinical outcome in pigs infected with new European ASFV strains is needed. In the present study, two experiments were conducted in pigs using an isolate of ASFV from Poland (designated here POL/2015/Podlaskie/Lindholm). In both studies, pigs were inoculated intranasally with the virus and contact pigs were exposed to the experimentally infected pigs, either directly (contact within and between pens) or by air. Pigs exposed to the virus by intranasal inoculation, by direct contact to infected animals and by aerosol developed acute disease characterized by viremia, fever and depression. Infectious virus was first detected in blood obtained from the inoculated pigs and then sequentially among the within-pen, between-pen and air-contact pigs. ASFV DNA and occasionally infectious virus was found in nasal-, oral-, and rectal swabs obtained from the pigs, and ASFV DNA was detected in air samples. No anti-ASFV antibodies were detected in sera. In conclusion, the study shows that the currently circulating strain of ASFV can be efficiently transmitted via direct contact and by aerosols. Also, the results provide quantitative transmission parameters and knowledge of infection stages in pigs infected with this ASFV.

AB - In 2014, African swine fever virus (ASFV) was introduced into the Baltic states and Poland. Since then, the disease has continued to spread within these regions, and recently, cases were reported in the Czech Republic and Romania. Currently, there is an increasing risk of ASFV introduction into Western Europe. Hence, there is an urgent need to assess current contingency plans. For this purpose, knowledge of modes-of-transmission and clinical outcome in pigs infected with new European ASFV strains is needed. In the present study, two experiments were conducted in pigs using an isolate of ASFV from Poland (designated here POL/2015/Podlaskie/Lindholm). In both studies, pigs were inoculated intranasally with the virus and contact pigs were exposed to the experimentally infected pigs, either directly (contact within and between pens) or by air. Pigs exposed to the virus by intranasal inoculation, by direct contact to infected animals and by aerosol developed acute disease characterized by viremia, fever and depression. Infectious virus was first detected in blood obtained from the inoculated pigs and then sequentially among the within-pen, between-pen and air-contact pigs. ASFV DNA and occasionally infectious virus was found in nasal-, oral-, and rectal swabs obtained from the pigs, and ASFV DNA was detected in air samples. No anti-ASFV antibodies were detected in sera. In conclusion, the study shows that the currently circulating strain of ASFV can be efficiently transmitted via direct contact and by aerosols. Also, the results provide quantitative transmission parameters and knowledge of infection stages in pigs infected with this ASFV.

KW - Air sampling

KW - ASF

KW - Haemorrhagic disease

KW - Poland

KW - Virus transmission

U2 - 10.1016/j.vetmic.2017.10.004

DO - 10.1016/j.vetmic.2017.10.004

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 29102127

AN - SCOPUS:85031012070

VL - 211

SP - 92

EP - 102

JO - Veterinary Microbiology

JF - Veterinary Microbiology

SN - 0378-1135

ER -

ID: 203326738