The glucagon receptor antagonist LY2409021 does not affect gastrointestinal-mediated glucose disposal or the incretin effect in individuals with and without type 2 diabetes

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelfagfællebedømt

Objective: Gastrointestinal-mediated glucose disposal (GIGD) during oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) reflects the percentage of glucose disposal caused by mechanisms elicited by the oral route of glucose administration. GIGD is reduced in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) due to a reduced incretin effect and possibly also due to inappropriate suppression of glucagon after oral glucose. We investigated the effect of glucagon receptor antagonism on GIGD, the incretin effect and glucose excursions in patients with T2D and controls without diabetes. Design: A double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled crossover study was conducted. Methods: Ten patients with T2D and 10 gender-, age- and BMI-matched controls underwent two 50 g OGTTs and 2 isoglycaemic i.v. glucose infusions, succeeding (~10 h) single-dose administration of 100 mg of the glucagon receptor antagonist LY2409021 or placebo, respectively. Results: Compared to placebo, LY2409021 reduced fasting plasma glucose in patients with T2D and controls. Plasma glucose excursions after oral glucose assessed by baseline-subtracted area under the curve were increased by LY2409021 compared to placebo in both groups, but no effect of LY2409021 on GIGD or the incretin effect was observed. LY2409021 increased fasting glucagon concentrations three-fold compared to placebo concentrations. Conclusions: Glucagon receptor antagonism with LY2409021 had no effect on the impaired GIGD or the impaired incretin effect in patients with T2D and did also not affect these parameters in the controls. Surprisingly, we observed reduced oral glucose tolerance with LY2409021 which may be specific for this glucagon receptor antagonist.

TidsskriftEuropean Journal of Endocrinology
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)507-518
Antal sider12
StatusUdgivet - 2022

ID: 321287298