The fear of awful smell: risk perceptions among farmers in Vietnam using wastewater and human excreta in agriculture

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The fear of awful smell : risk perceptions among farmers in Vietnam using wastewater and human excreta in agriculture. / Knudsen, Line G; Phuc, Pham D; Hiep, Nguyen T; Samuelsen, Helle; Jensen, Peter K; Dalsgaard, Anders; Raschid-Sally, Liqa; Konradsen, Flemming.

I: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, Bind 39, Nr. 2, 03.2008, s. 341-52.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Knudsen, LG, Phuc, PD, Hiep, NT, Samuelsen, H, Jensen, PK, Dalsgaard, A, Raschid-Sally, L & Konradsen, F 2008, 'The fear of awful smell: risk perceptions among farmers in Vietnam using wastewater and human excreta in agriculture', Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, bind 39, nr. 2, s. 341-52.

APA

Knudsen, L. G., Phuc, P. D., Hiep, N. T., Samuelsen, H., Jensen, P. K., Dalsgaard, A., Raschid-Sally, L., & Konradsen, F. (2008). The fear of awful smell: risk perceptions among farmers in Vietnam using wastewater and human excreta in agriculture. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health, 39(2), 341-52.

Vancouver

Knudsen LG, Phuc PD, Hiep NT, Samuelsen H, Jensen PK, Dalsgaard A o.a. The fear of awful smell: risk perceptions among farmers in Vietnam using wastewater and human excreta in agriculture. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health. 2008 mar;39(2):341-52.

Author

Knudsen, Line G ; Phuc, Pham D ; Hiep, Nguyen T ; Samuelsen, Helle ; Jensen, Peter K ; Dalsgaard, Anders ; Raschid-Sally, Liqa ; Konradsen, Flemming. / The fear of awful smell : risk perceptions among farmers in Vietnam using wastewater and human excreta in agriculture. I: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health. 2008 ; Bind 39, Nr. 2. s. 341-52.

Bibtex

@article{140f97c3ac014378928ec6c6e0de10e7,
title = "The fear of awful smell: risk perceptions among farmers in Vietnam using wastewater and human excreta in agriculture",
abstract = "Vietnamese farmers' health-risk awareness, knowledge, and practices related to their use of wastewater and human excreta was investigated in an anthropological study by a multidisciplinary team in peri-urban Hanoi and Nghe An Province. Farmers identified health risks associated with their use of excreta and wastewater, but they viewed these as unavoidable risks related to production. They perceived the health risks as different for the use of wastewater and human feces. They perceived health risks from wastewater as non-serious because it remained on the skin and only caused skin problems, but they considered health risks from non-composted smelly feces serious because it entered the body through 'polluted' air. Most farmers were more aware of threats to health from 'dirt' entering the domestic environment than of the health risks during their work. The concept of 'dirt' should be separated from understanding of germs, viruses, and parasites so that it is understood that things that carrying health risks cannot always be identified by their 'dirtiness' or smell. Farmers mainly considered hygiene and health as women's issues. Men's responsibility for the health and hygiene of the family should therefore be emphasized.",
keywords = "Agricultural Workers' Diseases/prevention & control, Aquaculture, Feces, Female, Fertilizers/adverse effects, Focus Groups, Gardening, Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice, Humans, Male, Protective Clothing/statistics & numerical data, Sewage/adverse effects, Vietnam, Waste Disposal, Fluid/methods",
author = "Knudsen, {Line G} and Phuc, {Pham D} and Hiep, {Nguyen T} and Helle Samuelsen and Jensen, {Peter K} and Anders Dalsgaard and Liqa Raschid-Sally and Flemming Konradsen",
year = "2008",
month = mar,
language = "English",
volume = "39",
pages = "341--52",
journal = "Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health",
issn = "0125-1562",
publisher = "Southeast Asian Ministers of Education Organisation (SEAMEO) Regional Tropical Medicine & Public Health Project (TROPMED)",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The fear of awful smell

T2 - risk perceptions among farmers in Vietnam using wastewater and human excreta in agriculture

AU - Knudsen, Line G

AU - Phuc, Pham D

AU - Hiep, Nguyen T

AU - Samuelsen, Helle

AU - Jensen, Peter K

AU - Dalsgaard, Anders

AU - Raschid-Sally, Liqa

AU - Konradsen, Flemming

PY - 2008/3

Y1 - 2008/3

N2 - Vietnamese farmers' health-risk awareness, knowledge, and practices related to their use of wastewater and human excreta was investigated in an anthropological study by a multidisciplinary team in peri-urban Hanoi and Nghe An Province. Farmers identified health risks associated with their use of excreta and wastewater, but they viewed these as unavoidable risks related to production. They perceived the health risks as different for the use of wastewater and human feces. They perceived health risks from wastewater as non-serious because it remained on the skin and only caused skin problems, but they considered health risks from non-composted smelly feces serious because it entered the body through 'polluted' air. Most farmers were more aware of threats to health from 'dirt' entering the domestic environment than of the health risks during their work. The concept of 'dirt' should be separated from understanding of germs, viruses, and parasites so that it is understood that things that carrying health risks cannot always be identified by their 'dirtiness' or smell. Farmers mainly considered hygiene and health as women's issues. Men's responsibility for the health and hygiene of the family should therefore be emphasized.

AB - Vietnamese farmers' health-risk awareness, knowledge, and practices related to their use of wastewater and human excreta was investigated in an anthropological study by a multidisciplinary team in peri-urban Hanoi and Nghe An Province. Farmers identified health risks associated with their use of excreta and wastewater, but they viewed these as unavoidable risks related to production. They perceived the health risks as different for the use of wastewater and human feces. They perceived health risks from wastewater as non-serious because it remained on the skin and only caused skin problems, but they considered health risks from non-composted smelly feces serious because it entered the body through 'polluted' air. Most farmers were more aware of threats to health from 'dirt' entering the domestic environment than of the health risks during their work. The concept of 'dirt' should be separated from understanding of germs, viruses, and parasites so that it is understood that things that carrying health risks cannot always be identified by their 'dirtiness' or smell. Farmers mainly considered hygiene and health as women's issues. Men's responsibility for the health and hygiene of the family should therefore be emphasized.

KW - Agricultural Workers' Diseases/prevention & control

KW - Aquaculture

KW - Feces

KW - Female

KW - Fertilizers/adverse effects

KW - Focus Groups

KW - Gardening

KW - Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice

KW - Humans

KW - Male

KW - Protective Clothing/statistics & numerical data

KW - Sewage/adverse effects

KW - Vietnam

KW - Waste Disposal, Fluid/methods

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 18564724

VL - 39

SP - 341

EP - 352

JO - Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health

JF - Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health

SN - 0125-1562

IS - 2

ER -

ID: 261519729