Stand growth and structure of mixed-species and monospecific stands of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) and oak (Q. robur L., Quercus petraea (Matt.) Liebl.) analysed along a productivity gradient through Europe

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Standard

Stand growth and structure of mixed-species and monospecific stands of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) and oak (Q. robur L., Quercus petraea (Matt.) Liebl.) analysed along a productivity gradient through Europe. / Pretzsch, H.; Steckel, M.; Heym, M.; Biber, P.; Ammer, C.; Ehbrecht, M.; Bielak, K.; Bravo, F.; Ordóñez, C.; Collet, C.; Vast, F.; Drössler, L.; Brazaitis, G.; Godvod, K.; Jansons, A.; de-Dios-García, J.; Löf, M.; Aldea, J.; Korboulewsky, N.; Reventlow, D. O.J.; Nothdurft, A.; Engel, M.; Pach, M.; Skrzyszewski, J.; Pardos, M.; Ponette, Q.; Sitko, R.; Fabrika, M.; Svoboda, M.; Černý, J.; Wolff, B.; Ruíz-Peinado, R.; del Río, M.

I: European Journal of Forest Research, Bind 139, 2020, s. 349–367.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Pretzsch, H, Steckel, M, Heym, M, Biber, P, Ammer, C, Ehbrecht, M, Bielak, K, Bravo, F, Ordóñez, C, Collet, C, Vast, F, Drössler, L, Brazaitis, G, Godvod, K, Jansons, A, de-Dios-García, J, Löf, M, Aldea, J, Korboulewsky, N, Reventlow, DOJ, Nothdurft, A, Engel, M, Pach, M, Skrzyszewski, J, Pardos, M, Ponette, Q, Sitko, R, Fabrika, M, Svoboda, M, Černý, J, Wolff, B, Ruíz-Peinado, R & del Río, M 2020, 'Stand growth and structure of mixed-species and monospecific stands of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) and oak (Q. robur L., Quercus petraea (Matt.) Liebl.) analysed along a productivity gradient through Europe', European Journal of Forest Research, bind 139, s. 349–367. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10342-019-01233-y

APA

Pretzsch, H., Steckel, M., Heym, M., Biber, P., Ammer, C., Ehbrecht, M., ... del Río, M. (2020). Stand growth and structure of mixed-species and monospecific stands of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) and oak (Q. robur L., Quercus petraea (Matt.) Liebl.) analysed along a productivity gradient through Europe. European Journal of Forest Research, 139, 349–367. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10342-019-01233-y

Vancouver

Pretzsch H, Steckel M, Heym M, Biber P, Ammer C, Ehbrecht M o.a. Stand growth and structure of mixed-species and monospecific stands of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) and oak (Q. robur L., Quercus petraea (Matt.) Liebl.) analysed along a productivity gradient through Europe. European Journal of Forest Research. 2020;139:349–367. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10342-019-01233-y

Author

Pretzsch, H. ; Steckel, M. ; Heym, M. ; Biber, P. ; Ammer, C. ; Ehbrecht, M. ; Bielak, K. ; Bravo, F. ; Ordóñez, C. ; Collet, C. ; Vast, F. ; Drössler, L. ; Brazaitis, G. ; Godvod, K. ; Jansons, A. ; de-Dios-García, J. ; Löf, M. ; Aldea, J. ; Korboulewsky, N. ; Reventlow, D. O.J. ; Nothdurft, A. ; Engel, M. ; Pach, M. ; Skrzyszewski, J. ; Pardos, M. ; Ponette, Q. ; Sitko, R. ; Fabrika, M. ; Svoboda, M. ; Černý, J. ; Wolff, B. ; Ruíz-Peinado, R. ; del Río, M. / Stand growth and structure of mixed-species and monospecific stands of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) and oak (Q. robur L., Quercus petraea (Matt.) Liebl.) analysed along a productivity gradient through Europe. I: European Journal of Forest Research. 2020 ; Bind 139. s. 349–367.

Bibtex

@article{43679e40100f4d039a2d2d2557c8313b,
title = "Stand growth and structure of mixed-species and monospecific stands of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) and oak (Q. robur L., Quercus petraea (Matt.) Liebl.) analysed along a productivity gradient through Europe",
abstract = "Past failures of monocultures, caused by wind-throw or insect damages, and ongoing climate change currently strongly stimulate research into mixed-species stands. So far, the focus has mainly been on combinations of species with obvious complementary functional traits. However, for any generalization, a broad overview of the mixing reactions of functionally different tree species in different mixing proportions, patterns and under different site conditions is needed, including assemblages of species with rather similar demands on resources such as light. Here, we studied the growth of Scots pine and oak in mixed versus monospecific stands on 36 triplets located along a productivity gradient across Europe, reaching from Sweden to Spain and from France to Georgia. The set-up represents a wide variation in precipitation (456–1250 mm year−1), mean annual temperature (6.7–11.5 °C) and drought index by de Martonne (21–63 mm °C−1). Stand inventories and increment cores of trees stemming from 40- to 132-year-old, fully stocked stands on 0.04–0.94-ha-sized plots provided insight into how species mixing modifies stand growth and structure compared with neighbouring monospecific stands. On average, the standing stem volume was 436 and 360 m3 ha−1 in the monocultures of Scots pine and oak, respectively, and 418 m3 ha−1 in the mixed stands. The corresponding periodical annual volume increment amounted to 10.5 and 9.1 m3 ha−1 year−1 in the monocultures and 10.5 m3 ha−1 year−1 in the mixed stands. Scots pine showed a 10{\%} larger quadratic mean diameter (p < 0.05), a 7{\%} larger dominant diameter (p < 0.01) and a 9{\%} higher growth of basal area and volume in mixed stands compared with neighbouring monocultures. For Scots pine, the productivity advantages of growing in mixture increased with site index (p < 0.01) and water supply (p < 0.01), while for oak they decreased with site index (p < 0.01). In total, the superior productivity of mixed stands compared to monocultures increased with water supply (p < 0.10). Based on 7843 measured crowns, we found that in mixture both species, but especially oak, had significantly wider crowns (p < 0.001) than in monocultures. On average, we found relatively small effects of species mixing on stand growth and structure. Scots pine benefiting on rich, and oak on poor sites, allows for a mixture that is productive and most likely climate resistant all along a wide ecological gradient. We discuss the potential of this mixture in view of climate change.",
keywords = "Crown allometry, Functional–structural complementarity, Mixing effects, Overyielding, Triplet approach",
author = "H. Pretzsch and M. Steckel and M. Heym and P. Biber and C. Ammer and M. Ehbrecht and K. Bielak and F. Bravo and C. Ord{\'o}{\~n}ez and C. Collet and F. Vast and L. Dr{\"o}ssler and G. Brazaitis and K. Godvod and A. Jansons and J. de-Dios-Garc{\'i}a and M. L{\"o}f and J. Aldea and N. Korboulewsky and Reventlow, {D. O.J.} and A. Nothdurft and M. Engel and M. Pach and J. Skrzyszewski and M. Pardos and Q. Ponette and R. Sitko and M. Fabrika and M. Svoboda and J. Čern{\'y} and B. Wolff and R. Ru{\'i}z-Peinado and {del R{\'i}o}, M.",
year = "2020",
doi = "10.1007/s10342-019-01233-y",
language = "English",
volume = "139",
pages = "349–367",
journal = "European Journal of Forest Research",
issn = "1612-4669",
publisher = "Springer",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Stand growth and structure of mixed-species and monospecific stands of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) and oak (Q. robur L., Quercus petraea (Matt.) Liebl.) analysed along a productivity gradient through Europe

AU - Pretzsch, H.

AU - Steckel, M.

AU - Heym, M.

AU - Biber, P.

AU - Ammer, C.

AU - Ehbrecht, M.

AU - Bielak, K.

AU - Bravo, F.

AU - Ordóñez, C.

AU - Collet, C.

AU - Vast, F.

AU - Drössler, L.

AU - Brazaitis, G.

AU - Godvod, K.

AU - Jansons, A.

AU - de-Dios-García, J.

AU - Löf, M.

AU - Aldea, J.

AU - Korboulewsky, N.

AU - Reventlow, D. O.J.

AU - Nothdurft, A.

AU - Engel, M.

AU - Pach, M.

AU - Skrzyszewski, J.

AU - Pardos, M.

AU - Ponette, Q.

AU - Sitko, R.

AU - Fabrika, M.

AU - Svoboda, M.

AU - Černý, J.

AU - Wolff, B.

AU - Ruíz-Peinado, R.

AU - del Río, M.

PY - 2020

Y1 - 2020

N2 - Past failures of monocultures, caused by wind-throw or insect damages, and ongoing climate change currently strongly stimulate research into mixed-species stands. So far, the focus has mainly been on combinations of species with obvious complementary functional traits. However, for any generalization, a broad overview of the mixing reactions of functionally different tree species in different mixing proportions, patterns and under different site conditions is needed, including assemblages of species with rather similar demands on resources such as light. Here, we studied the growth of Scots pine and oak in mixed versus monospecific stands on 36 triplets located along a productivity gradient across Europe, reaching from Sweden to Spain and from France to Georgia. The set-up represents a wide variation in precipitation (456–1250 mm year−1), mean annual temperature (6.7–11.5 °C) and drought index by de Martonne (21–63 mm °C−1). Stand inventories and increment cores of trees stemming from 40- to 132-year-old, fully stocked stands on 0.04–0.94-ha-sized plots provided insight into how species mixing modifies stand growth and structure compared with neighbouring monospecific stands. On average, the standing stem volume was 436 and 360 m3 ha−1 in the monocultures of Scots pine and oak, respectively, and 418 m3 ha−1 in the mixed stands. The corresponding periodical annual volume increment amounted to 10.5 and 9.1 m3 ha−1 year−1 in the monocultures and 10.5 m3 ha−1 year−1 in the mixed stands. Scots pine showed a 10% larger quadratic mean diameter (p < 0.05), a 7% larger dominant diameter (p < 0.01) and a 9% higher growth of basal area and volume in mixed stands compared with neighbouring monocultures. For Scots pine, the productivity advantages of growing in mixture increased with site index (p < 0.01) and water supply (p < 0.01), while for oak they decreased with site index (p < 0.01). In total, the superior productivity of mixed stands compared to monocultures increased with water supply (p < 0.10). Based on 7843 measured crowns, we found that in mixture both species, but especially oak, had significantly wider crowns (p < 0.001) than in monocultures. On average, we found relatively small effects of species mixing on stand growth and structure. Scots pine benefiting on rich, and oak on poor sites, allows for a mixture that is productive and most likely climate resistant all along a wide ecological gradient. We discuss the potential of this mixture in view of climate change.

AB - Past failures of monocultures, caused by wind-throw or insect damages, and ongoing climate change currently strongly stimulate research into mixed-species stands. So far, the focus has mainly been on combinations of species with obvious complementary functional traits. However, for any generalization, a broad overview of the mixing reactions of functionally different tree species in different mixing proportions, patterns and under different site conditions is needed, including assemblages of species with rather similar demands on resources such as light. Here, we studied the growth of Scots pine and oak in mixed versus monospecific stands on 36 triplets located along a productivity gradient across Europe, reaching from Sweden to Spain and from France to Georgia. The set-up represents a wide variation in precipitation (456–1250 mm year−1), mean annual temperature (6.7–11.5 °C) and drought index by de Martonne (21–63 mm °C−1). Stand inventories and increment cores of trees stemming from 40- to 132-year-old, fully stocked stands on 0.04–0.94-ha-sized plots provided insight into how species mixing modifies stand growth and structure compared with neighbouring monospecific stands. On average, the standing stem volume was 436 and 360 m3 ha−1 in the monocultures of Scots pine and oak, respectively, and 418 m3 ha−1 in the mixed stands. The corresponding periodical annual volume increment amounted to 10.5 and 9.1 m3 ha−1 year−1 in the monocultures and 10.5 m3 ha−1 year−1 in the mixed stands. Scots pine showed a 10% larger quadratic mean diameter (p < 0.05), a 7% larger dominant diameter (p < 0.01) and a 9% higher growth of basal area and volume in mixed stands compared with neighbouring monocultures. For Scots pine, the productivity advantages of growing in mixture increased with site index (p < 0.01) and water supply (p < 0.01), while for oak they decreased with site index (p < 0.01). In total, the superior productivity of mixed stands compared to monocultures increased with water supply (p < 0.10). Based on 7843 measured crowns, we found that in mixture both species, but especially oak, had significantly wider crowns (p < 0.001) than in monocultures. On average, we found relatively small effects of species mixing on stand growth and structure. Scots pine benefiting on rich, and oak on poor sites, allows for a mixture that is productive and most likely climate resistant all along a wide ecological gradient. We discuss the potential of this mixture in view of climate change.

KW - Crown allometry

KW - Functional–structural complementarity

KW - Mixing effects

KW - Overyielding

KW - Triplet approach

U2 - 10.1007/s10342-019-01233-y

DO - 10.1007/s10342-019-01233-y

M3 - Journal article

AN - SCOPUS:85072573425

VL - 139

SP - 349

EP - 367

JO - European Journal of Forest Research

JF - European Journal of Forest Research

SN - 1612-4669

ER -

ID: 238670540