Small cortical grey matter lesions show no persistent infarction in transient ischaemic attack? A prospective cohort study

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Standard

Small cortical grey matter lesions show no persistent infarction in transient ischaemic attack? A prospective cohort study. / Havsteen, Inger; Ovesen, Christian; Willer, Lasse; Nybing, Janus Damm; Ægidius, Karen; Marstrand, Jacob; Meden, Per; Rosenbaum, Sverre; Folke, Marie Norsker; Christensen, Hanne; Christensen, Anders.

I: BMJ Open, Bind 8, Nr. 1, e018160, 2018, s. 1-8.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Havsteen, I, Ovesen, C, Willer, L, Nybing, JD, Ægidius, K, Marstrand, J, Meden, P, Rosenbaum, S, Folke, MN, Christensen, H & Christensen, A 2018, 'Small cortical grey matter lesions show no persistent infarction in transient ischaemic attack? A prospective cohort study', BMJ Open, bind 8, nr. 1, e018160, s. 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2017-018160

APA

Havsteen, I., Ovesen, C., Willer, L., Nybing, J. D., Ægidius, K., Marstrand, J., ... Christensen, A. (2018). Small cortical grey matter lesions show no persistent infarction in transient ischaemic attack? A prospective cohort study. BMJ Open, 8(1), 1-8. [e018160]. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2017-018160

Vancouver

Havsteen I, Ovesen C, Willer L, Nybing JD, Ægidius K, Marstrand J o.a. Small cortical grey matter lesions show no persistent infarction in transient ischaemic attack? A prospective cohort study. BMJ Open. 2018;8(1):1-8. e018160. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2017-018160

Author

Havsteen, Inger ; Ovesen, Christian ; Willer, Lasse ; Nybing, Janus Damm ; Ægidius, Karen ; Marstrand, Jacob ; Meden, Per ; Rosenbaum, Sverre ; Folke, Marie Norsker ; Christensen, Hanne ; Christensen, Anders. / Small cortical grey matter lesions show no persistent infarction in transient ischaemic attack? A prospective cohort study. I: BMJ Open. 2018 ; Bind 8, Nr. 1. s. 1-8.

Bibtex

@article{1d840efe64d6403f9e26b09514601834,
title = "Small cortical grey matter lesions show no persistent infarction in transient ischaemic attack?: A prospective cohort study",
abstract = "OBJECTIVES: To find determining factors for persistent infarction signs in patients with transient ischaemic attack (TIA), herein initial diffusion lesion size, visibility on apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) or fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) and location.DESIGN: Prospective cohort study of patients with clinical TIA receiving 3T-MRI within 72 hours of symptom onset and at 8-week follow-up.SETTING: Clinical workflow in a single tertiary stroke centre between February 2012 and June 2014.PARTICIPANTS: 199 candidate patients were recruited, 64 patients were excluded due to non-TIA discharge diagnosis or no 8-week MRI. 122 patients completed the study.PRIMARY OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome was visible persistent infarction defined as 8-week FLAIR hyperintensity or atrophy corresponding to the initial diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) lesion.RESULTS: 50 patients showed 84 initial DWI lesions. 29 (35{\%}) DWI lesions did not result in infarction signs on 8-week FLAIR. 26 (90{\%}, P<0.0001) reversing lesions were located in the cortical grey matter (cGM). cGM location (vs any other location) strongly predicted no 8-week infarction sign development (OR 0.02, 95{\%} CI 0.001 to 0.17) or partial lesion area decrease (>30{\%} of initial DWI-area, OR 14.10, 95{\%} CI 3.61 to 54.72), adjusted for FLAIR-visibility, DWI-area, ADC-confirmation and time to scan (TTS) from symptom onset to baseline MRI. Acute FLAIR-visibility was a strong associated factor for persistent infarction signs (OR 33.06, 95{\%} CI 2.94 to 1432.34). For cGM lesions area size was sole associated factor for persistent infarction signs with a 0.31 cm2 (area under the curve (AUC), 0.97) threshold. In eight (16{\%}) DWI-positive patients, all lesions reversed fully.CONCLUSIONS: 16{\%} of DWI-positive patients and one-third of acute DWI lesions caused no persistent infarction signs, especially small cGM lesions were not followed by development of persistent infarction signs. Late MRI after TIA is likely to be less useful in the clinical setting, and it is dubious if the absence of old vascular lesions can be taken as evidence of no prior ischaemic attacks.TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT01531946; Results.",
keywords = "Aged, Denmark, Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Female, Gray Matter/diagnostic imaging, Humans, Ischemic Attack, Transient/diagnostic imaging, Kaplan-Meier Estimate, Logistic Models, Male, Middle Aged, Multivariate Analysis, Prospective Studies, ROC Curve, Tertiary Care Centers, Time Factors",
author = "Inger Havsteen and Christian Ovesen and Lasse Willer and Nybing, {Janus Damm} and Karen {\AE}gidius and Jacob Marstrand and Per Meden and Sverre Rosenbaum and Folke, {Marie Norsker} and Hanne Christensen and Anders Christensen",
note = "{\circledC} Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2018. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1136/bmjopen-2017-018160",
language = "English",
volume = "8",
pages = "1--8",
journal = "B M J Open",
issn = "2044-6055",
publisher = "BMJ Publishing Group",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Small cortical grey matter lesions show no persistent infarction in transient ischaemic attack?

T2 - A prospective cohort study

AU - Havsteen, Inger

AU - Ovesen, Christian

AU - Willer, Lasse

AU - Nybing, Janus Damm

AU - Ægidius, Karen

AU - Marstrand, Jacob

AU - Meden, Per

AU - Rosenbaum, Sverre

AU - Folke, Marie Norsker

AU - Christensen, Hanne

AU - Christensen, Anders

N1 - © Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2018. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - OBJECTIVES: To find determining factors for persistent infarction signs in patients with transient ischaemic attack (TIA), herein initial diffusion lesion size, visibility on apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) or fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) and location.DESIGN: Prospective cohort study of patients with clinical TIA receiving 3T-MRI within 72 hours of symptom onset and at 8-week follow-up.SETTING: Clinical workflow in a single tertiary stroke centre between February 2012 and June 2014.PARTICIPANTS: 199 candidate patients were recruited, 64 patients were excluded due to non-TIA discharge diagnosis or no 8-week MRI. 122 patients completed the study.PRIMARY OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome was visible persistent infarction defined as 8-week FLAIR hyperintensity or atrophy corresponding to the initial diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) lesion.RESULTS: 50 patients showed 84 initial DWI lesions. 29 (35%) DWI lesions did not result in infarction signs on 8-week FLAIR. 26 (90%, P<0.0001) reversing lesions were located in the cortical grey matter (cGM). cGM location (vs any other location) strongly predicted no 8-week infarction sign development (OR 0.02, 95% CI 0.001 to 0.17) or partial lesion area decrease (>30% of initial DWI-area, OR 14.10, 95% CI 3.61 to 54.72), adjusted for FLAIR-visibility, DWI-area, ADC-confirmation and time to scan (TTS) from symptom onset to baseline MRI. Acute FLAIR-visibility was a strong associated factor for persistent infarction signs (OR 33.06, 95% CI 2.94 to 1432.34). For cGM lesions area size was sole associated factor for persistent infarction signs with a 0.31 cm2 (area under the curve (AUC), 0.97) threshold. In eight (16%) DWI-positive patients, all lesions reversed fully.CONCLUSIONS: 16% of DWI-positive patients and one-third of acute DWI lesions caused no persistent infarction signs, especially small cGM lesions were not followed by development of persistent infarction signs. Late MRI after TIA is likely to be less useful in the clinical setting, and it is dubious if the absence of old vascular lesions can be taken as evidence of no prior ischaemic attacks.TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT01531946; Results.

AB - OBJECTIVES: To find determining factors for persistent infarction signs in patients with transient ischaemic attack (TIA), herein initial diffusion lesion size, visibility on apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) or fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) and location.DESIGN: Prospective cohort study of patients with clinical TIA receiving 3T-MRI within 72 hours of symptom onset and at 8-week follow-up.SETTING: Clinical workflow in a single tertiary stroke centre between February 2012 and June 2014.PARTICIPANTS: 199 candidate patients were recruited, 64 patients were excluded due to non-TIA discharge diagnosis or no 8-week MRI. 122 patients completed the study.PRIMARY OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome was visible persistent infarction defined as 8-week FLAIR hyperintensity or atrophy corresponding to the initial diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) lesion.RESULTS: 50 patients showed 84 initial DWI lesions. 29 (35%) DWI lesions did not result in infarction signs on 8-week FLAIR. 26 (90%, P<0.0001) reversing lesions were located in the cortical grey matter (cGM). cGM location (vs any other location) strongly predicted no 8-week infarction sign development (OR 0.02, 95% CI 0.001 to 0.17) or partial lesion area decrease (>30% of initial DWI-area, OR 14.10, 95% CI 3.61 to 54.72), adjusted for FLAIR-visibility, DWI-area, ADC-confirmation and time to scan (TTS) from symptom onset to baseline MRI. Acute FLAIR-visibility was a strong associated factor for persistent infarction signs (OR 33.06, 95% CI 2.94 to 1432.34). For cGM lesions area size was sole associated factor for persistent infarction signs with a 0.31 cm2 (area under the curve (AUC), 0.97) threshold. In eight (16%) DWI-positive patients, all lesions reversed fully.CONCLUSIONS: 16% of DWI-positive patients and one-third of acute DWI lesions caused no persistent infarction signs, especially small cGM lesions were not followed by development of persistent infarction signs. Late MRI after TIA is likely to be less useful in the clinical setting, and it is dubious if the absence of old vascular lesions can be taken as evidence of no prior ischaemic attacks.TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT01531946; Results.

KW - Aged

KW - Denmark

KW - Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging

KW - Female

KW - Gray Matter/diagnostic imaging

KW - Humans

KW - Ischemic Attack, Transient/diagnostic imaging

KW - Kaplan-Meier Estimate

KW - Logistic Models

KW - Male

KW - Middle Aged

KW - Multivariate Analysis

KW - Prospective Studies

KW - ROC Curve

KW - Tertiary Care Centers

KW - Time Factors

U2 - 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-018160

DO - 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-018160

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 29358426

VL - 8

SP - 1

EP - 8

JO - B M J Open

JF - B M J Open

SN - 2044-6055

IS - 1

M1 - e018160

ER -

ID: 222320468