Serum phosphate and magnesium in children recovering from severe acute undernutrition in Ethiopia: an observational study

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Serum phosphate and magnesium in children recovering from severe acute undernutrition in Ethiopia : an observational study. / Hother, Anne-Louise; Girma, Tsinuel; Rytter, Maren Johanne Heilskov; Abdissa, Alemseged; Ritz, Christian; Mølgaard, Christian; Michaelsen, Kim F.; Briend, André; Friis, Henrik; Kæstel, Pernille.

I: B M C Pediatrics, Bind 16, 178, 05.11.2016.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Hother, A-L, Girma, T, Rytter, MJH, Abdissa, A, Ritz, C, Mølgaard, C, Michaelsen, KF, Briend, A, Friis, H & Kæstel, P 2016, 'Serum phosphate and magnesium in children recovering from severe acute undernutrition in Ethiopia: an observational study', B M C Pediatrics, bind 16, 178. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12887-016-0712-9

APA

Hother, A-L., Girma, T., Rytter, M. J. H., Abdissa, A., Ritz, C., Mølgaard, C., ... Kæstel, P. (2016). Serum phosphate and magnesium in children recovering from severe acute undernutrition in Ethiopia: an observational study. B M C Pediatrics, 16, [178]. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12887-016-0712-9

Vancouver

Hother A-L, Girma T, Rytter MJH, Abdissa A, Ritz C, Mølgaard C o.a. Serum phosphate and magnesium in children recovering from severe acute undernutrition in Ethiopia: an observational study. B M C Pediatrics. 2016 nov 5;16. 178. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12887-016-0712-9

Author

Hother, Anne-Louise ; Girma, Tsinuel ; Rytter, Maren Johanne Heilskov ; Abdissa, Alemseged ; Ritz, Christian ; Mølgaard, Christian ; Michaelsen, Kim F. ; Briend, André ; Friis, Henrik ; Kæstel, Pernille. / Serum phosphate and magnesium in children recovering from severe acute undernutrition in Ethiopia : an observational study. I: B M C Pediatrics. 2016 ; Bind 16.

Bibtex

@article{28b94909183d4a4fa000b9fc5579ca05,
title = "Serum phosphate and magnesium in children recovering from severe acute undernutrition in Ethiopia: an observational study",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) have increased requirements for phosphorus and magnesium during recovery. If requirements are not met, the children may develop refeeding hypophosphatemia and hypomagnesemia. However, little is known about the effect of current therapeutic diets (F-75 and F-100) on serum phosphate (S-phosphate) and magnesium (S-magnesium) in children with SAM.METHODS: Prospective observational study, with measurements of S-phosphate and S-magnesium at admission, prior to rehabilitation phase and at discharge in children aged 6-59 months admitted with SAM to Jimma Hospital, Ethiopia. Due to shortage of F-75, 25 (35 {\%}) children were stabilized with diluted F-100 (75 kcal/100 ml).RESULTS: Of 72 children enrolled, the mean age was 32 ± 14 months, and edema was present in 50 (69 {\%}). At admission, mean S-phosphate was 0.92 ± 0.34 mmol/L, which was low compared to normal values, but increased to 1.38 ± 0.28 mmol/L at discharge, after on average 16 days. Mean S-magnesium, at admission, was 0.95 ± 0.23 mmol/L, and increased to 1.13 ± 0.17 mmol/L at discharge. At discharge, 18 (51 {\%}) children had S-phosphate below the normal range, and 3 (9 {\%}) had S-phosphate above. Most children (83 {\%}) had S-magnesium above normal range for children. Both S-phosphate and S-magnesium at admission were positively associated with serum albumin (S-albumin), but not with anthropometric characteristics or co-diagnoses. Using diluted F-100 for stabilization was not associated with lower S-phosphate or S-magnesium.CONCLUSION: Hypophosphatemia was common among children with SAM at admission, and still subnormal in about half of the children at discharge. This could be problematic for further recovery as phosphorus is needed for catch-up growth and local diets are likely to be low in bioavailable phosphorus. The high S-magnesium levels at discharge does not support that magnesium should be a limiting nutrient for growth in the F-100 diet. Although diluted F-100 (75 kcal/100 mL) is not designed for stabilizing children with SAM, it did not seem to cause lower S-phosphate than in children fed F-75.",
keywords = "Faculty of Science, Refeeding syndrome, Hypophosphatemia, Hypomagnesemia, Therapeutic feeding, Nutritional rehabilitation, Severe acute malnutrition",
author = "Anne-Louise Hother and Tsinuel Girma and Rytter, {Maren Johanne Heilskov} and Alemseged Abdissa and Christian Ritz and Christian M{\o}lgaard and Michaelsen, {Kim F.} and Andr{\'e} Briend and Henrik Friis and Pernille K{\ae}stel",
note = "CURIS 2016 NEXS 320",
year = "2016",
month = "11",
day = "5",
doi = "10.1186/s12887-016-0712-9",
language = "English",
volume = "16",
journal = "B M C Pediatrics",
issn = "1471-2431",
publisher = "BioMed Central Ltd.",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Serum phosphate and magnesium in children recovering from severe acute undernutrition in Ethiopia

T2 - an observational study

AU - Hother, Anne-Louise

AU - Girma, Tsinuel

AU - Rytter, Maren Johanne Heilskov

AU - Abdissa, Alemseged

AU - Ritz, Christian

AU - Mølgaard, Christian

AU - Michaelsen, Kim F.

AU - Briend, André

AU - Friis, Henrik

AU - Kæstel, Pernille

N1 - CURIS 2016 NEXS 320

PY - 2016/11/5

Y1 - 2016/11/5

N2 - BACKGROUND: Children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) have increased requirements for phosphorus and magnesium during recovery. If requirements are not met, the children may develop refeeding hypophosphatemia and hypomagnesemia. However, little is known about the effect of current therapeutic diets (F-75 and F-100) on serum phosphate (S-phosphate) and magnesium (S-magnesium) in children with SAM.METHODS: Prospective observational study, with measurements of S-phosphate and S-magnesium at admission, prior to rehabilitation phase and at discharge in children aged 6-59 months admitted with SAM to Jimma Hospital, Ethiopia. Due to shortage of F-75, 25 (35 %) children were stabilized with diluted F-100 (75 kcal/100 ml).RESULTS: Of 72 children enrolled, the mean age was 32 ± 14 months, and edema was present in 50 (69 %). At admission, mean S-phosphate was 0.92 ± 0.34 mmol/L, which was low compared to normal values, but increased to 1.38 ± 0.28 mmol/L at discharge, after on average 16 days. Mean S-magnesium, at admission, was 0.95 ± 0.23 mmol/L, and increased to 1.13 ± 0.17 mmol/L at discharge. At discharge, 18 (51 %) children had S-phosphate below the normal range, and 3 (9 %) had S-phosphate above. Most children (83 %) had S-magnesium above normal range for children. Both S-phosphate and S-magnesium at admission were positively associated with serum albumin (S-albumin), but not with anthropometric characteristics or co-diagnoses. Using diluted F-100 for stabilization was not associated with lower S-phosphate or S-magnesium.CONCLUSION: Hypophosphatemia was common among children with SAM at admission, and still subnormal in about half of the children at discharge. This could be problematic for further recovery as phosphorus is needed for catch-up growth and local diets are likely to be low in bioavailable phosphorus. The high S-magnesium levels at discharge does not support that magnesium should be a limiting nutrient for growth in the F-100 diet. Although diluted F-100 (75 kcal/100 mL) is not designed for stabilizing children with SAM, it did not seem to cause lower S-phosphate than in children fed F-75.

AB - BACKGROUND: Children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) have increased requirements for phosphorus and magnesium during recovery. If requirements are not met, the children may develop refeeding hypophosphatemia and hypomagnesemia. However, little is known about the effect of current therapeutic diets (F-75 and F-100) on serum phosphate (S-phosphate) and magnesium (S-magnesium) in children with SAM.METHODS: Prospective observational study, with measurements of S-phosphate and S-magnesium at admission, prior to rehabilitation phase and at discharge in children aged 6-59 months admitted with SAM to Jimma Hospital, Ethiopia. Due to shortage of F-75, 25 (35 %) children were stabilized with diluted F-100 (75 kcal/100 ml).RESULTS: Of 72 children enrolled, the mean age was 32 ± 14 months, and edema was present in 50 (69 %). At admission, mean S-phosphate was 0.92 ± 0.34 mmol/L, which was low compared to normal values, but increased to 1.38 ± 0.28 mmol/L at discharge, after on average 16 days. Mean S-magnesium, at admission, was 0.95 ± 0.23 mmol/L, and increased to 1.13 ± 0.17 mmol/L at discharge. At discharge, 18 (51 %) children had S-phosphate below the normal range, and 3 (9 %) had S-phosphate above. Most children (83 %) had S-magnesium above normal range for children. Both S-phosphate and S-magnesium at admission were positively associated with serum albumin (S-albumin), but not with anthropometric characteristics or co-diagnoses. Using diluted F-100 for stabilization was not associated with lower S-phosphate or S-magnesium.CONCLUSION: Hypophosphatemia was common among children with SAM at admission, and still subnormal in about half of the children at discharge. This could be problematic for further recovery as phosphorus is needed for catch-up growth and local diets are likely to be low in bioavailable phosphorus. The high S-magnesium levels at discharge does not support that magnesium should be a limiting nutrient for growth in the F-100 diet. Although diluted F-100 (75 kcal/100 mL) is not designed for stabilizing children with SAM, it did not seem to cause lower S-phosphate than in children fed F-75.

KW - Faculty of Science

KW - Refeeding syndrome

KW - Hypophosphatemia

KW - Hypomagnesemia

KW - Therapeutic feeding

KW - Nutritional rehabilitation

KW - Severe acute malnutrition

U2 - 10.1186/s12887-016-0712-9

DO - 10.1186/s12887-016-0712-9

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 27814707

VL - 16

JO - B M C Pediatrics

JF - B M C Pediatrics

SN - 1471-2431

M1 - 178

ER -

ID: 168908072