Serum creatinine and estimated glomerular filtration rates in HIV positive and negative adults in Ethiopia

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Standard

Serum creatinine and estimated glomerular filtration rates in HIV positive and negative adults in Ethiopia. / Yilma, Daniel; Abdissa, Alemseged; Kæstel, Pernille; Tesfaye, Markos; Olsen, Mette Frahm; Girma, Tsinuel; Ritz, Christian; Friis, Henrik; Andersen, Åse Bengård; Kirk, Ole.

I: P L o S One, Bind 14, Nr. 2, e0211630, 2019.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Yilma, D, Abdissa, A, Kæstel, P, Tesfaye, M, Olsen, MF, Girma, T, Ritz, C, Friis, H, Andersen, ÅB & Kirk, O 2019, 'Serum creatinine and estimated glomerular filtration rates in HIV positive and negative adults in Ethiopia', P L o S One, bind 14, nr. 2, e0211630. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0211630

APA

Yilma, D., Abdissa, A., Kæstel, P., Tesfaye, M., Olsen, M. F., Girma, T., Ritz, C., Friis, H., Andersen, Å. B., & Kirk, O. (2019). Serum creatinine and estimated glomerular filtration rates in HIV positive and negative adults in Ethiopia. P L o S One, 14(2), [e0211630]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0211630

Vancouver

Yilma D, Abdissa A, Kæstel P, Tesfaye M, Olsen MF, Girma T o.a. Serum creatinine and estimated glomerular filtration rates in HIV positive and negative adults in Ethiopia. P L o S One. 2019;14(2). e0211630. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0211630

Author

Yilma, Daniel ; Abdissa, Alemseged ; Kæstel, Pernille ; Tesfaye, Markos ; Olsen, Mette Frahm ; Girma, Tsinuel ; Ritz, Christian ; Friis, Henrik ; Andersen, Åse Bengård ; Kirk, Ole. / Serum creatinine and estimated glomerular filtration rates in HIV positive and negative adults in Ethiopia. I: P L o S One. 2019 ; Bind 14, Nr. 2.

Bibtex

@article{b0b15c3422f349a391eb0e8b73164d33,
title = "Serum creatinine and estimated glomerular filtration rates in HIV positive and negative adults in Ethiopia",
abstract = "Background: Glomerular filtration rate estimating equations using serum creatinine are not validated in most African settings. We compared serum creatinine and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in HIV positive and negative adults and assessed the performance of eGFR equations ((Cockcroft and Gault (CG), Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD), and Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI)) compared to 24-hour creatinine clearance in HIV positive adults.Methods: Data were collected on demographic, anthropometric, body composition, clinical parameters and serum creatinine in HIV positive and negative adults. 24-hour urine was collected from some of the HIV positive adults who volunteered. Bias was calculated as mean difference between 24-hr creatinine clearance and eGFR (eGFR- 24 hour creatinine clearance) and the accuracy of each eGFR equation was calculated as the percentage of estimates within 30% of creatinine clearance.Results: A total of 340 HIV positive and 100 HIV negative adults were included in this study. Creatinine clearance was determined for 46 of HIV positive adults. Serum creatinine increased with increasing age, weight, height, body surface area, fat free mass and grip strength in both HIV positive and negative adults (P<0.05). No difference was observed in eGFR between HIV positive and HIV negative adults. For all eGFR equations, the correlation between eGFR and 24-hr creatinine clearance was 0.45-0.53 and the accuracy within 30% of 24-hr creatinine clearance was 24-46%. Removing ethnic coefficient reduced the bias and improved accuracy of the CKD-EPI and the MDRD estimates.Conclusion: Ethiopian HIV positive adults in the present study had good kidney function at the initiation of antiretroviral treatment. However, all eGFR equations overestimated 24-hr creatinine clearance in the study population. Creatinine based eGFR equations that accounts for low muscle mass and body surface area are needed.",
author = "Daniel Yilma and Alemseged Abdissa and Pernille K{\ae}stel and Markos Tesfaye and Olsen, {Mette Frahm} and Tsinuel Girma and Christian Ritz and Henrik Friis and Andersen, {{\AA}se Beng{\aa}rd} and Ole Kirk",
note = "CURIS 2019 NEXS 056",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1371/journal.pone.0211630",
language = "English",
volume = "14",
journal = "P L o S One",
issn = "1932-6203",
publisher = "Public Library of Science",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Serum creatinine and estimated glomerular filtration rates in HIV positive and negative adults in Ethiopia

AU - Yilma, Daniel

AU - Abdissa, Alemseged

AU - Kæstel, Pernille

AU - Tesfaye, Markos

AU - Olsen, Mette Frahm

AU - Girma, Tsinuel

AU - Ritz, Christian

AU - Friis, Henrik

AU - Andersen, Åse Bengård

AU - Kirk, Ole

N1 - CURIS 2019 NEXS 056

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Background: Glomerular filtration rate estimating equations using serum creatinine are not validated in most African settings. We compared serum creatinine and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in HIV positive and negative adults and assessed the performance of eGFR equations ((Cockcroft and Gault (CG), Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD), and Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI)) compared to 24-hour creatinine clearance in HIV positive adults.Methods: Data were collected on demographic, anthropometric, body composition, clinical parameters and serum creatinine in HIV positive and negative adults. 24-hour urine was collected from some of the HIV positive adults who volunteered. Bias was calculated as mean difference between 24-hr creatinine clearance and eGFR (eGFR- 24 hour creatinine clearance) and the accuracy of each eGFR equation was calculated as the percentage of estimates within 30% of creatinine clearance.Results: A total of 340 HIV positive and 100 HIV negative adults were included in this study. Creatinine clearance was determined for 46 of HIV positive adults. Serum creatinine increased with increasing age, weight, height, body surface area, fat free mass and grip strength in both HIV positive and negative adults (P<0.05). No difference was observed in eGFR between HIV positive and HIV negative adults. For all eGFR equations, the correlation between eGFR and 24-hr creatinine clearance was 0.45-0.53 and the accuracy within 30% of 24-hr creatinine clearance was 24-46%. Removing ethnic coefficient reduced the bias and improved accuracy of the CKD-EPI and the MDRD estimates.Conclusion: Ethiopian HIV positive adults in the present study had good kidney function at the initiation of antiretroviral treatment. However, all eGFR equations overestimated 24-hr creatinine clearance in the study population. Creatinine based eGFR equations that accounts for low muscle mass and body surface area are needed.

AB - Background: Glomerular filtration rate estimating equations using serum creatinine are not validated in most African settings. We compared serum creatinine and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in HIV positive and negative adults and assessed the performance of eGFR equations ((Cockcroft and Gault (CG), Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD), and Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI)) compared to 24-hour creatinine clearance in HIV positive adults.Methods: Data were collected on demographic, anthropometric, body composition, clinical parameters and serum creatinine in HIV positive and negative adults. 24-hour urine was collected from some of the HIV positive adults who volunteered. Bias was calculated as mean difference between 24-hr creatinine clearance and eGFR (eGFR- 24 hour creatinine clearance) and the accuracy of each eGFR equation was calculated as the percentage of estimates within 30% of creatinine clearance.Results: A total of 340 HIV positive and 100 HIV negative adults were included in this study. Creatinine clearance was determined for 46 of HIV positive adults. Serum creatinine increased with increasing age, weight, height, body surface area, fat free mass and grip strength in both HIV positive and negative adults (P<0.05). No difference was observed in eGFR between HIV positive and HIV negative adults. For all eGFR equations, the correlation between eGFR and 24-hr creatinine clearance was 0.45-0.53 and the accuracy within 30% of 24-hr creatinine clearance was 24-46%. Removing ethnic coefficient reduced the bias and improved accuracy of the CKD-EPI and the MDRD estimates.Conclusion: Ethiopian HIV positive adults in the present study had good kidney function at the initiation of antiretroviral treatment. However, all eGFR equations overestimated 24-hr creatinine clearance in the study population. Creatinine based eGFR equations that accounts for low muscle mass and body surface area are needed.

U2 - 10.1371/journal.pone.0211630

DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0211630

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 30753190

VL - 14

JO - P L o S One

JF - P L o S One

SN - 1932-6203

IS - 2

M1 - e0211630

ER -

ID: 213320291