Sero-prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in Danish pigs

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Standard

Sero-prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in Danish pigs. / Kofoed, Kristina Grønbech; Vorslund-Kiær, Mia; Nielsen, Henrik Vedel; Alban, Lis; Johansen, Maria Vang.

I: Veterinary Parasitology: Regional Studies and Reports, Bind 10, 12.2017, s. 136-138.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Kofoed, KG, Vorslund-Kiær, M, Nielsen, HV, Alban, L & Johansen, MV 2017, 'Sero-prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in Danish pigs', Veterinary Parasitology: Regional Studies and Reports, bind 10, s. 136-138. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vprsr.2017.10.004

APA

Kofoed, K. G., Vorslund-Kiær, M., Nielsen, H. V., Alban, L., & Johansen, M. V. (2017). Sero-prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in Danish pigs. Veterinary Parasitology: Regional Studies and Reports, 10, 136-138. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vprsr.2017.10.004

Vancouver

Kofoed KG, Vorslund-Kiær M, Nielsen HV, Alban L, Johansen MV. Sero-prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in Danish pigs. Veterinary Parasitology: Regional Studies and Reports. 2017 dec;10:136-138. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vprsr.2017.10.004

Author

Kofoed, Kristina Grønbech ; Vorslund-Kiær, Mia ; Nielsen, Henrik Vedel ; Alban, Lis ; Johansen, Maria Vang. / Sero-prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in Danish pigs. I: Veterinary Parasitology: Regional Studies and Reports. 2017 ; Bind 10. s. 136-138.

Bibtex

@article{018fa18245be43148cfa2ae52816c870,
title = "Sero-prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in Danish pigs",
abstract = "In 2015, the World Health Organisation rated toxoplasmosis as one of the most important food borne zoonotic diseases in the world. In addition, recent studies have associated Toxoplasma gondii sero-positivity with severe mental illnesses such as schizophrenia. Intake of raw or insufficiently cooked meat has been suggested to pose a major risk of T. gondii transmission in Europe. The objective of this study was to assess the T. gondii sero-prevalence in Danish pigs divided into sub populations (sows versus finishers, indoor versus outdoor). Serum samples were collected from 89 indoor-reared sows, 128 indoor finishers and 37 outdoor-reared finishers and analysed using an antibody ELISA with a sensitivity of 76.3% and a specificity of 93.7%. It was found that 33.7% indoor-reared sows, 3.1% indoor-reared finishers and 10.8% outdoor reared finishers were T. gondii sero-positive. The sero-positivity of T. gondii was significantly higher for indoor-reared sows compared to indoor-reared finishers (RR = 10.9, (P < 0.001). Although, the probability of T. gondii sero-positivity for outdoor-reared finishers was 3.5 times higher than for indoor-reared finishers, the difference was not statistically significant (P = 0.14). The next step will be to identify specific risk factors for sero-positivity for indoor and outdoor production as well as for finishers and sows, and to use this information to help swine producers to prevent infection in their pigs.",
keywords = "Denmark, Pigs, Prevalence, Toxoplasma gondii, Toxoplasmosis",
author = "Kofoed, {Kristina Gr{\o}nbech} and Mia Vorslund-Ki{\ae}r and Nielsen, {Henrik Vedel} and Lis Alban and Johansen, {Maria Vang}",
year = "2017",
month = dec,
doi = "10.1016/j.vprsr.2017.10.004",
language = "English",
volume = "10",
pages = "136--138",
journal = "Veterinary Parasitology: Regional Studies and Reports",
issn = "2405-9390",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Sero-prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in Danish pigs

AU - Kofoed, Kristina Grønbech

AU - Vorslund-Kiær, Mia

AU - Nielsen, Henrik Vedel

AU - Alban, Lis

AU - Johansen, Maria Vang

PY - 2017/12

Y1 - 2017/12

N2 - In 2015, the World Health Organisation rated toxoplasmosis as one of the most important food borne zoonotic diseases in the world. In addition, recent studies have associated Toxoplasma gondii sero-positivity with severe mental illnesses such as schizophrenia. Intake of raw or insufficiently cooked meat has been suggested to pose a major risk of T. gondii transmission in Europe. The objective of this study was to assess the T. gondii sero-prevalence in Danish pigs divided into sub populations (sows versus finishers, indoor versus outdoor). Serum samples were collected from 89 indoor-reared sows, 128 indoor finishers and 37 outdoor-reared finishers and analysed using an antibody ELISA with a sensitivity of 76.3% and a specificity of 93.7%. It was found that 33.7% indoor-reared sows, 3.1% indoor-reared finishers and 10.8% outdoor reared finishers were T. gondii sero-positive. The sero-positivity of T. gondii was significantly higher for indoor-reared sows compared to indoor-reared finishers (RR = 10.9, (P < 0.001). Although, the probability of T. gondii sero-positivity for outdoor-reared finishers was 3.5 times higher than for indoor-reared finishers, the difference was not statistically significant (P = 0.14). The next step will be to identify specific risk factors for sero-positivity for indoor and outdoor production as well as for finishers and sows, and to use this information to help swine producers to prevent infection in their pigs.

AB - In 2015, the World Health Organisation rated toxoplasmosis as one of the most important food borne zoonotic diseases in the world. In addition, recent studies have associated Toxoplasma gondii sero-positivity with severe mental illnesses such as schizophrenia. Intake of raw or insufficiently cooked meat has been suggested to pose a major risk of T. gondii transmission in Europe. The objective of this study was to assess the T. gondii sero-prevalence in Danish pigs divided into sub populations (sows versus finishers, indoor versus outdoor). Serum samples were collected from 89 indoor-reared sows, 128 indoor finishers and 37 outdoor-reared finishers and analysed using an antibody ELISA with a sensitivity of 76.3% and a specificity of 93.7%. It was found that 33.7% indoor-reared sows, 3.1% indoor-reared finishers and 10.8% outdoor reared finishers were T. gondii sero-positive. The sero-positivity of T. gondii was significantly higher for indoor-reared sows compared to indoor-reared finishers (RR = 10.9, (P < 0.001). Although, the probability of T. gondii sero-positivity for outdoor-reared finishers was 3.5 times higher than for indoor-reared finishers, the difference was not statistically significant (P = 0.14). The next step will be to identify specific risk factors for sero-positivity for indoor and outdoor production as well as for finishers and sows, and to use this information to help swine producers to prevent infection in their pigs.

KW - Denmark

KW - Pigs

KW - Prevalence

KW - Toxoplasma gondii

KW - Toxoplasmosis

U2 - 10.1016/j.vprsr.2017.10.004

DO - 10.1016/j.vprsr.2017.10.004

M3 - Journal article

AN - SCOPUS:85033665592

VL - 10

SP - 136

EP - 138

JO - Veterinary Parasitology: Regional Studies and Reports

JF - Veterinary Parasitology: Regional Studies and Reports

SN - 2405-9390

ER -

ID: 187290254