Risk of faecal pollution among waste handlers in a resource-deprived coastal peri-urban settlement in Southern Ghana

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Risk of faecal pollution among waste handlers in a resource-deprived coastal peri-urban settlement in Southern Ghana. / Kretchy, James Paul; Dzodzomenyo, Mawuli; Ayi, Irene; Dwomoh, Duah; Agyabeng, Kofi; Konradsen, Flemming; Dalsgaard, Anders.

I: PLoS ONE, Bind 15, e0239587, 2020.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Kretchy, JP, Dzodzomenyo, M, Ayi, I, Dwomoh, D, Agyabeng, K, Konradsen, F & Dalsgaard, A 2020, 'Risk of faecal pollution among waste handlers in a resource-deprived coastal peri-urban settlement in Southern Ghana', PLoS ONE, bind 15, e0239587. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0239587

APA

Kretchy, J. P., Dzodzomenyo, M., Ayi, I., Dwomoh, D., Agyabeng, K., Konradsen, F., & Dalsgaard, A. (2020). Risk of faecal pollution among waste handlers in a resource-deprived coastal peri-urban settlement in Southern Ghana. PLoS ONE, 15, [e0239587]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0239587

Vancouver

Kretchy JP, Dzodzomenyo M, Ayi I, Dwomoh D, Agyabeng K, Konradsen F o.a. Risk of faecal pollution among waste handlers in a resource-deprived coastal peri-urban settlement in Southern Ghana. PLoS ONE. 2020;15. e0239587. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0239587

Author

Kretchy, James Paul ; Dzodzomenyo, Mawuli ; Ayi, Irene ; Dwomoh, Duah ; Agyabeng, Kofi ; Konradsen, Flemming ; Dalsgaard, Anders. / Risk of faecal pollution among waste handlers in a resource-deprived coastal peri-urban settlement in Southern Ghana. I: PLoS ONE. 2020 ; Bind 15.

Bibtex

@article{5be11247a96745029118992bdceaff94,
title = "Risk of faecal pollution among waste handlers in a resource-deprived coastal peri-urban settlement in Southern Ghana",
abstract = "Resource-deprived coastal peri-urban settlements in Southern Ghana are characterized by indiscriminate solid waste disposal and open defecation practices. Persons engaged in waste handling in such communities perform their activities with little or no personal protective equipment. They are thus confronted with the risk of faecal pollution of the hands and other bodily parts. A mixed method approach was used to investigate 280 waste handlers performing different activities to estimate recent faecal pollution of their hands and to observe the utilization of personal protective equipment and sanitation/hygiene facilities during work. The log concentration of E. coli on hands of waste handlers after work (8.60 ± 4.20 CFU/hand, mean ± standard deviation) was significantly higher compared with the E. coli log concentration before work (2.95 ± 1.89 CFU/hand, mean ± standard deviation) (p<0.001). The odds of faecal pollution was significantly higher (aOR 4.2; 95% CI: 1.9–9.1) for workers aged 35 years and above compared with those less than 35 years; and for workers at public toilet facilities (aOR 3.0; 95% CI: 1.0–8.4) compared with those who worked for private waste handling companies. Female workers were, however, 60% less likely (aOR 0.4; 95% CI: 0.2–0.8) to experience faecal pollution of their hands compared with males. The workers had limited access to water and sanitation and hygiene facilities, and about one-fifth (n = 59; 21.1%) did not use personal protective equipment during work. Waste handlers should be provided and instructed in proper use of personal protective equipment, have access to sanitation facilities and adopt improved hygiene behaviour to avoid the risk of faecal pollution and associated disease risk.",
author = "Kretchy, {James Paul} and Mawuli Dzodzomenyo and Irene Ayi and Duah Dwomoh and Kofi Agyabeng and Flemming Konradsen and Anders Dalsgaard",
year = "2020",
doi = "10.1371/journal.pone.0239587",
language = "English",
volume = "15",
journal = "P L o S One",
issn = "1932-6203",
publisher = "Public Library of Science",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Risk of faecal pollution among waste handlers in a resource-deprived coastal peri-urban settlement in Southern Ghana

AU - Kretchy, James Paul

AU - Dzodzomenyo, Mawuli

AU - Ayi, Irene

AU - Dwomoh, Duah

AU - Agyabeng, Kofi

AU - Konradsen, Flemming

AU - Dalsgaard, Anders

PY - 2020

Y1 - 2020

N2 - Resource-deprived coastal peri-urban settlements in Southern Ghana are characterized by indiscriminate solid waste disposal and open defecation practices. Persons engaged in waste handling in such communities perform their activities with little or no personal protective equipment. They are thus confronted with the risk of faecal pollution of the hands and other bodily parts. A mixed method approach was used to investigate 280 waste handlers performing different activities to estimate recent faecal pollution of their hands and to observe the utilization of personal protective equipment and sanitation/hygiene facilities during work. The log concentration of E. coli on hands of waste handlers after work (8.60 ± 4.20 CFU/hand, mean ± standard deviation) was significantly higher compared with the E. coli log concentration before work (2.95 ± 1.89 CFU/hand, mean ± standard deviation) (p<0.001). The odds of faecal pollution was significantly higher (aOR 4.2; 95% CI: 1.9–9.1) for workers aged 35 years and above compared with those less than 35 years; and for workers at public toilet facilities (aOR 3.0; 95% CI: 1.0–8.4) compared with those who worked for private waste handling companies. Female workers were, however, 60% less likely (aOR 0.4; 95% CI: 0.2–0.8) to experience faecal pollution of their hands compared with males. The workers had limited access to water and sanitation and hygiene facilities, and about one-fifth (n = 59; 21.1%) did not use personal protective equipment during work. Waste handlers should be provided and instructed in proper use of personal protective equipment, have access to sanitation facilities and adopt improved hygiene behaviour to avoid the risk of faecal pollution and associated disease risk.

AB - Resource-deprived coastal peri-urban settlements in Southern Ghana are characterized by indiscriminate solid waste disposal and open defecation practices. Persons engaged in waste handling in such communities perform their activities with little or no personal protective equipment. They are thus confronted with the risk of faecal pollution of the hands and other bodily parts. A mixed method approach was used to investigate 280 waste handlers performing different activities to estimate recent faecal pollution of their hands and to observe the utilization of personal protective equipment and sanitation/hygiene facilities during work. The log concentration of E. coli on hands of waste handlers after work (8.60 ± 4.20 CFU/hand, mean ± standard deviation) was significantly higher compared with the E. coli log concentration before work (2.95 ± 1.89 CFU/hand, mean ± standard deviation) (p<0.001). The odds of faecal pollution was significantly higher (aOR 4.2; 95% CI: 1.9–9.1) for workers aged 35 years and above compared with those less than 35 years; and for workers at public toilet facilities (aOR 3.0; 95% CI: 1.0–8.4) compared with those who worked for private waste handling companies. Female workers were, however, 60% less likely (aOR 0.4; 95% CI: 0.2–0.8) to experience faecal pollution of their hands compared with males. The workers had limited access to water and sanitation and hygiene facilities, and about one-fifth (n = 59; 21.1%) did not use personal protective equipment during work. Waste handlers should be provided and instructed in proper use of personal protective equipment, have access to sanitation facilities and adopt improved hygiene behaviour to avoid the risk of faecal pollution and associated disease risk.

U2 - 10.1371/journal.pone.0239587

DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0239587

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 33006973

AN - SCOPUS:85092229734

VL - 15

JO - P L o S One

JF - P L o S One

SN - 1932-6203

M1 - e0239587

ER -

ID: 250476950