Resistance exercise stimulates mixed muscle protein synthesis in lean and obese young adults

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Standard

Resistance exercise stimulates mixed muscle protein synthesis in lean and obese young adults. / Hulston, Carl J.; Woods, Rachel M.; Dewhurst-Trigg, Rebecca; Parry, Sion A.; Gagnon, Stephanie; Baker, Luke; James, Lewis J.; Markey, Oonagh; Martin, Neil R. W.; Ferguson, Richard A.; van Hall, Gerrit.

I: Physiological Reports, Bind 6, Nr. 14, e13799 , 07.2018.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Hulston, CJ, Woods, RM, Dewhurst-Trigg, R, Parry, SA, Gagnon, S, Baker, L, James, LJ, Markey, O, Martin, NRW, Ferguson, RA & van Hall, G 2018, 'Resistance exercise stimulates mixed muscle protein synthesis in lean and obese young adults', Physiological Reports, bind 6, nr. 14, e13799 . https://doi.org/10.14814/phy2.13799

APA

Hulston, C. J., Woods, R. M., Dewhurst-Trigg, R., Parry, S. A., Gagnon, S., Baker, L., ... van Hall, G. (2018). Resistance exercise stimulates mixed muscle protein synthesis in lean and obese young adults. Physiological Reports, 6(14), [e13799 ]. https://doi.org/10.14814/phy2.13799

Vancouver

Hulston CJ, Woods RM, Dewhurst-Trigg R, Parry SA, Gagnon S, Baker L o.a. Resistance exercise stimulates mixed muscle protein synthesis in lean and obese young adults. Physiological Reports. 2018 jul;6(14). e13799 . https://doi.org/10.14814/phy2.13799

Author

Hulston, Carl J. ; Woods, Rachel M. ; Dewhurst-Trigg, Rebecca ; Parry, Sion A. ; Gagnon, Stephanie ; Baker, Luke ; James, Lewis J. ; Markey, Oonagh ; Martin, Neil R. W. ; Ferguson, Richard A. ; van Hall, Gerrit. / Resistance exercise stimulates mixed muscle protein synthesis in lean and obese young adults. I: Physiological Reports. 2018 ; Bind 6, Nr. 14.

Bibtex

@article{a82ff38922f74b8780412477ed58cbda,
title = "Resistance exercise stimulates mixed muscle protein synthesis in lean and obese young adults",
abstract = "Obese individuals exhibit a diminished muscle protein synthesis response to nutrient stimulation when compared with their lean counterparts. However, the effect of obesity on exercise-stimulated muscle protein synthesis remains unknown. Nine lean (23.5 +/- 0.6kg/m(2)) and 8 obese (33.6 +/- 1.2kg/m(2)) physically active young adults participated in a study that determined muscle protein synthesis and intracellular signaling at rest and following an acute bout of resistance exercise. Mixed muscle protein synthesis was determined by combining stable isotope tracer ([C-13(6)]phenylalanine) infusion with serial biopsies of the vastus lateralis. A unilateral leg resistance exercise model was adopted so that resting and postexercise measurements of muscle protein synthesis could be obtained simultaneously. Obesity was associated with higher basal levels of serum insulin (P<0.05), plasma triacylglycerol (P<0.01), plasma cholesterol (P<0.01), and plasma CRP (P<0.01), as well as increased insulin resistance determined by HOMA-IR (P<0.05). However, resting and postexercise rates of muscle protein synthesis were not significantly different between lean and obese participants (P=0.644). Furthermore, resistance exercise stimulated muscle protein synthesis (similar to 50{\%} increase) in both groups (P<0.001), with no difference between lean and obese (P=0.809). Temporal increases in the phosphorylation of intracellular signaling proteins (AKT/4EBP1/p70S6K) were observed within the exercised leg (P<0.05), with no differences between lean and obese. These findings suggest a normal anabolic response to muscle loading in obese young adults.",
keywords = "Anabolic resistance, exercise, obesity",
author = "Hulston, {Carl J.} and Woods, {Rachel M.} and Rebecca Dewhurst-Trigg and Parry, {Sion A.} and Stephanie Gagnon and Luke Baker and James, {Lewis J.} and Oonagh Markey and Martin, {Neil R. W.} and Ferguson, {Richard A.} and {van Hall}, Gerrit",
year = "2018",
month = "7",
doi = "10.14814/phy2.13799",
language = "English",
volume = "6",
journal = "Physiological Reports",
issn = "2051-817X",
publisher = "Wiley Periodicals, Inc.",
number = "14",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Resistance exercise stimulates mixed muscle protein synthesis in lean and obese young adults

AU - Hulston, Carl J.

AU - Woods, Rachel M.

AU - Dewhurst-Trigg, Rebecca

AU - Parry, Sion A.

AU - Gagnon, Stephanie

AU - Baker, Luke

AU - James, Lewis J.

AU - Markey, Oonagh

AU - Martin, Neil R. W.

AU - Ferguson, Richard A.

AU - van Hall, Gerrit

PY - 2018/7

Y1 - 2018/7

N2 - Obese individuals exhibit a diminished muscle protein synthesis response to nutrient stimulation when compared with their lean counterparts. However, the effect of obesity on exercise-stimulated muscle protein synthesis remains unknown. Nine lean (23.5 +/- 0.6kg/m(2)) and 8 obese (33.6 +/- 1.2kg/m(2)) physically active young adults participated in a study that determined muscle protein synthesis and intracellular signaling at rest and following an acute bout of resistance exercise. Mixed muscle protein synthesis was determined by combining stable isotope tracer ([C-13(6)]phenylalanine) infusion with serial biopsies of the vastus lateralis. A unilateral leg resistance exercise model was adopted so that resting and postexercise measurements of muscle protein synthesis could be obtained simultaneously. Obesity was associated with higher basal levels of serum insulin (P<0.05), plasma triacylglycerol (P<0.01), plasma cholesterol (P<0.01), and plasma CRP (P<0.01), as well as increased insulin resistance determined by HOMA-IR (P<0.05). However, resting and postexercise rates of muscle protein synthesis were not significantly different between lean and obese participants (P=0.644). Furthermore, resistance exercise stimulated muscle protein synthesis (similar to 50% increase) in both groups (P<0.001), with no difference between lean and obese (P=0.809). Temporal increases in the phosphorylation of intracellular signaling proteins (AKT/4EBP1/p70S6K) were observed within the exercised leg (P<0.05), with no differences between lean and obese. These findings suggest a normal anabolic response to muscle loading in obese young adults.

AB - Obese individuals exhibit a diminished muscle protein synthesis response to nutrient stimulation when compared with their lean counterparts. However, the effect of obesity on exercise-stimulated muscle protein synthesis remains unknown. Nine lean (23.5 +/- 0.6kg/m(2)) and 8 obese (33.6 +/- 1.2kg/m(2)) physically active young adults participated in a study that determined muscle protein synthesis and intracellular signaling at rest and following an acute bout of resistance exercise. Mixed muscle protein synthesis was determined by combining stable isotope tracer ([C-13(6)]phenylalanine) infusion with serial biopsies of the vastus lateralis. A unilateral leg resistance exercise model was adopted so that resting and postexercise measurements of muscle protein synthesis could be obtained simultaneously. Obesity was associated with higher basal levels of serum insulin (P<0.05), plasma triacylglycerol (P<0.01), plasma cholesterol (P<0.01), and plasma CRP (P<0.01), as well as increased insulin resistance determined by HOMA-IR (P<0.05). However, resting and postexercise rates of muscle protein synthesis were not significantly different between lean and obese participants (P=0.644). Furthermore, resistance exercise stimulated muscle protein synthesis (similar to 50% increase) in both groups (P<0.001), with no difference between lean and obese (P=0.809). Temporal increases in the phosphorylation of intracellular signaling proteins (AKT/4EBP1/p70S6K) were observed within the exercised leg (P<0.05), with no differences between lean and obese. These findings suggest a normal anabolic response to muscle loading in obese young adults.

KW - Anabolic resistance

KW - exercise

KW - obesity

U2 - 10.14814/phy2.13799

DO - 10.14814/phy2.13799

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 30009507

VL - 6

JO - Physiological Reports

JF - Physiological Reports

SN - 2051-817X

IS - 14

M1 - e13799

ER -

ID: 213038543