Regulation of Pancreatic Alpha Cell Function and Proliferation by Bone Morphogenetic Protein 4 (BMP4) in vitro.
Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift › Tidsskriftartikel › Forskning › fagfællebedømt
Increased expression of Bone Morphogenetic Proteins (BMPs) in several tissues is associated with inflammation and Type II Diabetes Mellitus. BMP2 and BMP4 mRNA expression is increased in pancreatic islets from db/db mice and beta cell proliferation and function are inhibited by BMP4. The effect of BMPs on alpha cells is currently unknown. Here, we investigate the effects of BMP4 on mouse and human alpha cells in vitro. The effects of BMP4 on alpha cell proliferation and function were investigated in islets isolated from male mice and from human donors, and in alpha TC1-6 cells. The effects of BMP4 on alpha cell function were assessed by determination of glucagon secretion and gene expression. Treatment with BMP4 for 24-96 hours inhibited glucagon secretion in a time-dependent manner in mouse and human islets. Glucagon content, preproglucagon (Gcg) and Arx mRNA expression were reduced after incubation with BMP4 in mouse islets, but not in human islets. The percentage of proliferating alpha cells was reduced from 7.3 to 0.2 % in mouse islets incubated with BMP4. Alpha cell proliferation in human islets ranged from 0 to 11.8 %, and BMP4 was found to inhibit proliferation of alpha cells from all donors when proliferation was present. In agreement with the observations in primary islets, BMP4 decreased glucagon content, Gcg, and Arx mRNA expression in alpha TC1-6 cells. Our findings suggest that BMP4 has an inhibitory role on glucagon secretion, alpha cell growth, and expression of genes maintaining alpha cell identity.
|Status||Udgivet - okt. 2016|