PTSD and complex PTSD in treatment-seeking Danish soldiers: a replication of Folke et al. (2019) using the International Trauma Questionnaire

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Background: While empirical support for the ICD-11 distinction between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and complex PTSD (CPTSD) is growing, empirical research into the ICD-11 model of CPTSD in military populations is scarce and inconsistent. Objective: To replicate a study from our own group identifying distinct classes based on CPTSD symptoms using the International Trauma Questionnaire (ITQ) and to identify predictors and functional outcomes associated with a potential distinction between PTSD and CPTSD. Method: Formerly deployed treatment-seeking Danish soldiers (N = 294) completed the ITQ and self-report measures of traumatic life events prior to treatment. Latent profile analysis (LPA) was used to extract classes based on CPTSD symptoms. Results: LPA revealed four classes; (1) high CPTSD symptoms ('CPTSD', 28.7%); (2) high PTSD symptoms and lower DSO symptoms ('PTSD', 23.5%); (3) high DSO symptoms ('DSO', 17.3%); and (4) low symptoms ('Low Symptoms', 30.5%). In comparison to the PTSD-class, CPTSD-class membership was not predicted by traumatic events in adult life and in childhood. The CPTSD class was more often single/divorced/widowed compared to the PTSD class. Moreover, the CPTSD class more often used psychotropic medicine compared to the DSO-class and Low Symptoms-class. Conclusion: Using the ITQ, this study yields empirical support for the ICD-11 model of CPTSD within a clinical sample of veterans. The results replicate findings from our previous study that also identified distinct profiles of ICD-11 PTSD and CPTSD.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer1930703
TidsskriftEuropean Journal of Psychotraumatology
Vol/bind12
Udgave nummer1
Antal sider7
ISSN2000-8198
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2021

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