Interactions between renal vascular resistance and endothelium-derived hyperpolarization in hypertensive rats in vivo: Renal endothelial hyperpolarization in hypertension

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Standard

Interactions between renal vascular resistance and endothelium-derived hyperpolarization in hypertensive rats in vivo : Renal endothelial hyperpolarization in hypertension. / Stannov, Søs U; Brasen, Jens Christian; Salomonsson, Max; Holstein-Rathlou, Niels-Henrik; Sorensen, Charlotte M.

I: Physiological Reports, Bind 7, Nr. 15, e14168, 08.2019.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Stannov, SU, Brasen, JC, Salomonsson, M, Holstein-Rathlou, N-H & Sorensen, CM 2019, 'Interactions between renal vascular resistance and endothelium-derived hyperpolarization in hypertensive rats in vivo: Renal endothelial hyperpolarization in hypertension', Physiological Reports, bind 7, nr. 15, e14168. https://doi.org/10.14814/phy2.14168

APA

Stannov, S. U., Brasen, J. C., Salomonsson, M., Holstein-Rathlou, N-H., & Sorensen, C. M. (2019). Interactions between renal vascular resistance and endothelium-derived hyperpolarization in hypertensive rats in vivo: Renal endothelial hyperpolarization in hypertension. Physiological Reports, 7(15), [e14168]. https://doi.org/10.14814/phy2.14168

Vancouver

Stannov SU, Brasen JC, Salomonsson M, Holstein-Rathlou N-H, Sorensen CM. Interactions between renal vascular resistance and endothelium-derived hyperpolarization in hypertensive rats in vivo: Renal endothelial hyperpolarization in hypertension. Physiological Reports. 2019 aug;7(15). e14168. https://doi.org/10.14814/phy2.14168

Author

Stannov, Søs U ; Brasen, Jens Christian ; Salomonsson, Max ; Holstein-Rathlou, Niels-Henrik ; Sorensen, Charlotte M. / Interactions between renal vascular resistance and endothelium-derived hyperpolarization in hypertensive rats in vivo : Renal endothelial hyperpolarization in hypertension. I: Physiological Reports. 2019 ; Bind 7, Nr. 15.

Bibtex

@article{f98187987bc24f628ed6c5733ed9b63d,
title = "Interactions between renal vascular resistance and endothelium-derived hyperpolarization in hypertensive rats in vivo: Renal endothelial hyperpolarization in hypertension",
abstract = "Endothelium derived signaling mechanisms play an important role in regulating vascular tone and endothelial dysfunction is often found in hypertension. Endothelium-derived hyperpolarization (EDH) plays a significant role in smaller renal arteries and arterioles, but its significance in vivo in hypertension is unresolved. The aim of this study was to characterize the EDH-induced renal vasodilation in normotensive and hypertensive rats during acute intrarenal infusion of ACh. Our hypothesis was that the increased renal vascular resistance (RVR) found early in hypertension would significantly correlate with reduced EDH-induced vasodilation. In isoflurane-anesthetized 12-week-old normo- and hypertensive rats blood pressure and renal blood flow (RBF) was measured continuously. RBF responses to acute intrarenal ACh infusions were measured before and after inhibition of NO and prostacyclin. Additionally, RVR was decreased or increased using inhibition or activation of adrenergic receptors or by use of papaverine and angiotensin II. Intrarenal infusion of ACh elicited a larger increase in RBF in hypertensive rats compared to normotensive rats suggesting that endothelial dysfunction is not present in 12-week-old hypertensive rats. The EDH-induced renal vasodilation (after inhibition of NO and prostacyclin) was similar between normo- and hypertensive rats. Reducing RVR by inhibition of α1 -adrenergic receptors significantly increased the renal EDH response in hypertensive rats, but a similar increase was found after activating α-adrenergic receptors using norepinephrine. The results show that renal EDH is present and functional in 12-week-old normo- and hypertensive rats. Interestingly, both activation and inactivation of α1 -adrenergic receptors elicited an increase in the renal EDH-induced vasodilation.",
author = "Stannov, {S{\o}s U} and Brasen, {Jens Christian} and Max Salomonsson and Niels-Henrik Holstein-Rathlou and Sorensen, {Charlotte M}",
note = "{\circledC} 2019 The Authors. Physiological Reports published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of The Physiological Society and the American Physiological Society.",
year = "2019",
month = "8",
doi = "10.14814/phy2.14168",
language = "English",
volume = "7",
journal = "Physiological Reports",
issn = "2051-817X",
publisher = "Wiley Periodicals, Inc.",
number = "15",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Interactions between renal vascular resistance and endothelium-derived hyperpolarization in hypertensive rats in vivo

T2 - Renal endothelial hyperpolarization in hypertension

AU - Stannov, Søs U

AU - Brasen, Jens Christian

AU - Salomonsson, Max

AU - Holstein-Rathlou, Niels-Henrik

AU - Sorensen, Charlotte M

N1 - © 2019 The Authors. Physiological Reports published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of The Physiological Society and the American Physiological Society.

PY - 2019/8

Y1 - 2019/8

N2 - Endothelium derived signaling mechanisms play an important role in regulating vascular tone and endothelial dysfunction is often found in hypertension. Endothelium-derived hyperpolarization (EDH) plays a significant role in smaller renal arteries and arterioles, but its significance in vivo in hypertension is unresolved. The aim of this study was to characterize the EDH-induced renal vasodilation in normotensive and hypertensive rats during acute intrarenal infusion of ACh. Our hypothesis was that the increased renal vascular resistance (RVR) found early in hypertension would significantly correlate with reduced EDH-induced vasodilation. In isoflurane-anesthetized 12-week-old normo- and hypertensive rats blood pressure and renal blood flow (RBF) was measured continuously. RBF responses to acute intrarenal ACh infusions were measured before and after inhibition of NO and prostacyclin. Additionally, RVR was decreased or increased using inhibition or activation of adrenergic receptors or by use of papaverine and angiotensin II. Intrarenal infusion of ACh elicited a larger increase in RBF in hypertensive rats compared to normotensive rats suggesting that endothelial dysfunction is not present in 12-week-old hypertensive rats. The EDH-induced renal vasodilation (after inhibition of NO and prostacyclin) was similar between normo- and hypertensive rats. Reducing RVR by inhibition of α1 -adrenergic receptors significantly increased the renal EDH response in hypertensive rats, but a similar increase was found after activating α-adrenergic receptors using norepinephrine. The results show that renal EDH is present and functional in 12-week-old normo- and hypertensive rats. Interestingly, both activation and inactivation of α1 -adrenergic receptors elicited an increase in the renal EDH-induced vasodilation.

AB - Endothelium derived signaling mechanisms play an important role in regulating vascular tone and endothelial dysfunction is often found in hypertension. Endothelium-derived hyperpolarization (EDH) plays a significant role in smaller renal arteries and arterioles, but its significance in vivo in hypertension is unresolved. The aim of this study was to characterize the EDH-induced renal vasodilation in normotensive and hypertensive rats during acute intrarenal infusion of ACh. Our hypothesis was that the increased renal vascular resistance (RVR) found early in hypertension would significantly correlate with reduced EDH-induced vasodilation. In isoflurane-anesthetized 12-week-old normo- and hypertensive rats blood pressure and renal blood flow (RBF) was measured continuously. RBF responses to acute intrarenal ACh infusions were measured before and after inhibition of NO and prostacyclin. Additionally, RVR was decreased or increased using inhibition or activation of adrenergic receptors or by use of papaverine and angiotensin II. Intrarenal infusion of ACh elicited a larger increase in RBF in hypertensive rats compared to normotensive rats suggesting that endothelial dysfunction is not present in 12-week-old hypertensive rats. The EDH-induced renal vasodilation (after inhibition of NO and prostacyclin) was similar between normo- and hypertensive rats. Reducing RVR by inhibition of α1 -adrenergic receptors significantly increased the renal EDH response in hypertensive rats, but a similar increase was found after activating α-adrenergic receptors using norepinephrine. The results show that renal EDH is present and functional in 12-week-old normo- and hypertensive rats. Interestingly, both activation and inactivation of α1 -adrenergic receptors elicited an increase in the renal EDH-induced vasodilation.

U2 - 10.14814/phy2.14168

DO - 10.14814/phy2.14168

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 31368238

VL - 7

JO - Physiological Reports

JF - Physiological Reports

SN - 2051-817X

IS - 15

M1 - e14168

ER -

ID: 225427896