Information-Theoretic Registration with Explicit Reorientation of Diffusion-Weighted Images

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We present an information-theoretic approach to the registration of images with directional information, especially for diffusion-weighted images (DWIs), with explicit optimization over the directional scale. We call it locally orderless registration with directions (LORDs). We focus on normalized mutual information as a robust information-theoretic similarity measure for DWI. The framework is an extension of the LOR-DWI density-based hierarchical scale-space model that varies and optimizes the integration, spatial, directional and intensity scales. As affine transformations are insufficient for inter-subject registration, we extend the model to nonrigid deformations. We illustrate that the proposed model deforms orientation distribution functions (ODFs) correctly and is capable of handling the classic complex challenges in DWI registrations, such as the registration of fiber crossings along with kissing, fanning, and interleaving fibers. Our experimental results clearly illustrate a novel promising regularizing effect, which comes from the nonlinear orientation-based cost function. We show the properties of the different image scales, and we show that including orientational information in our model makes the model better at retrieving deformations in contrast to standard scalar-based registration.

TidsskriftJournal of Mathematical Imaging and Vision
Sider (fra-til)1-16
StatusUdgivet - 2022

Bibliografisk note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by Center for Stochastic Geometry and Advanced Bioimaging, funded by grant 8721 from the Villum Foundation.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.


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