Increasing plant diversity with border crops reduces insecticide use and increases crop yield in urban agriculture

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

  • Nian-Feng Wan
  • You-Ming Cai
  • Yan-Jun Shen
  • Xiang-Yun Ji
  • Xiang-Wen Wu
  • Xiang-Rong Zheng
  • Wei Cheng
  • Jun Li
  • Yao-Pei Jiang
  • Xin Chen
  • Weiner, Jacob
  • Jie-Xian Jiang
  • Ming Nie
  • Rui-Ting Ju
  • Tao Yuan
  • Jian-Jun Tang
  • Wei-Dong Tian
  • Hao Zhang
  • Bo Li

Urban agriculture is making an increasing contribution to food security in large cities around the world. The potential contribution of biodiversity to ecological intensification in urban agricultural systems has not been investigated. We present monitoring data collected from rice fields in 34 community farms in mega-urban Shanghai, China, from 2001 to 2015, and show that the presence of a border crop of soybeans and neighboring crops (maize, eggplant and Chinese cabbage), both without weed control, increased invertebrate predator abundance, decreased the abundance of pests and dependence on insecticides, and increased grain yield and economic profits. Two 2 year randomized experiments with the low and high diversity practices in the same locations confirmed these results. Our study shows that diversifying farming practices can make an important contribution to ecological intensification and the sustainable use of associated ecosystem services in an urban ecosystem.

Antal sider21
StatusUdgivet - 2018

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