In Vitro ADME Properties of Two Novel Antimicrobial Peptoid-Based Compounds as Potential Agents against Canine Pyoderma

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Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) hold promise as the next generation of antimicrobial agents, but often suffer from rapid degradation in vivo. Modifying AMPs with non-proteinogenic residues such as peptoids (oligomers of N-alkylglycines) provides the potential to improve stability. We have identified two novel peptoid-based compounds, B1 and D2, which are effective against the canine skin pathogen Staphylococcus pseudintermedius, the main cause of antibiotic use in companion animals. We report on their potential to treat infections topically by characterizing their release from formulation and in vitro ADME properties. In vitro ADME assays included skin penetration profiles, stability to proteases and liver microsomes, and plasma protein binding. Both B1 and D2 were resistant to proteases and >98% bound to plasma proteins. While half-lives in liver microsomes for both were >2 h, peptoid D2 showed higher stability to plasma proteases than the peptide-peptoid hybrid B1 (>2 versus 0.5 h). Both compounds were suitable for administration in an oil-in-water cream formulation (50% release in 8 h), and displayed no skin permeation, in the absence or presence of skin permeability modifiers. Our results indicate that these peptoid-based drugs may be suitable as antimicrobials for local treatment of canine superficial pyoderma and that they can overcome the inherent limitations of stability encountered in peptides.

Udgave nummer3
Antal sider15
StatusUdgivet - 10 mar. 2018

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