Impact of fetal and neonatal environment on beta cell function and development of diabetes

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Standard

Impact of fetal and neonatal environment on beta cell function and development of diabetes. / Nielsen, Jens H; Haase, Tobias N; Jaksch, Caroline; Nalla, Amarnadh; Søstrup, Birgitte; Nalla, Anjana A; Larsen, Louise; Rasmussen, Morten; Dalgaard, Louise T; Gaarn, Louise W; Thams, Peter; Kofod, Hans; Billestrup, Nils.

I: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, Bind 93, Nr. 11, 11.2014, s. 1109-22.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Nielsen, JH, Haase, TN, Jaksch, C, Nalla, A, Søstrup, B, Nalla, AA, Larsen, L, Rasmussen, M, Dalgaard, LT, Gaarn, LW, Thams, P, Kofod, H & Billestrup, N 2014, 'Impact of fetal and neonatal environment on beta cell function and development of diabetes', Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, bind 93, nr. 11, s. 1109-22. https://doi.org/10.1111/aogs.12504

APA

Nielsen, J. H., Haase, T. N., Jaksch, C., Nalla, A., Søstrup, B., Nalla, A. A., ... Billestrup, N. (2014). Impact of fetal and neonatal environment on beta cell function and development of diabetes. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, 93(11), 1109-22. https://doi.org/10.1111/aogs.12504

Vancouver

Nielsen JH, Haase TN, Jaksch C, Nalla A, Søstrup B, Nalla AA o.a. Impact of fetal and neonatal environment on beta cell function and development of diabetes. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica. 2014 nov;93(11):1109-22. https://doi.org/10.1111/aogs.12504

Author

Nielsen, Jens H ; Haase, Tobias N ; Jaksch, Caroline ; Nalla, Amarnadh ; Søstrup, Birgitte ; Nalla, Anjana A ; Larsen, Louise ; Rasmussen, Morten ; Dalgaard, Louise T ; Gaarn, Louise W ; Thams, Peter ; Kofod, Hans ; Billestrup, Nils. / Impact of fetal and neonatal environment on beta cell function and development of diabetes. I: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica. 2014 ; Bind 93, Nr. 11. s. 1109-22.

Bibtex

@article{bbb4939d448441dab80af7385a3c69f8,
title = "Impact of fetal and neonatal environment on beta cell function and development of diabetes",
abstract = "The global epidemic of diabetes is a serious threat against health and healthcare expenses. Although genetics is important it does not explain the dramatic increase in incidence, which must involve environmental factors. Two decades ago the concept of the thrifty phenotype was introduced, stating that the intrauterine environment during pregnancy has an impact on the gene expression that may persist until adulthood and cause metabolic diseases like obesity and type 2 diabetes. As the pancreatic beta cells are crucial in the regulation of metabolism this article will describe the influence of normal pregnancy on the beta cells in both the mother and the fetus and how various conditions like diabetes, obesity, overnutrition and undernutrition during and after pregnancy may influence the ability of the offspring to adapt to changes in insulin demand later in life. The influence of environmental factors including nutrients and gut microbiota on appetite regulation, mitochondrial activity and the immune system that may affect beta cell growth and function directly and indirectly is discussed. The possible role of epigenetic changes in the transgenerational transmission of the adverse programming may be the most threatening aspect with regard to the global diabetes epidemics. Finally, some suggestions for intervention are presented.",
keywords = "Diabetes, Gestational, Epigenesis, Genetic, Female, Fetal Development, Humans, Insulin-Secreting Cells, Maternal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena, Obesity, Phenotype, Pregnancy, Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects, Prenatal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena, Risk Factors",
author = "Nielsen, {Jens H} and Haase, {Tobias N} and Caroline Jaksch and Amarnadh Nalla and Birgitte S{\o}strup and Nalla, {Anjana A} and Louise Larsen and Morten Rasmussen and Dalgaard, {Louise T} and Gaarn, {Louise W} and Peter Thams and Hans Kofod and Nils Billestrup",
note = "{\circledC} 2014 Nordic Federation of Societies of Obstetrics and Gynecology.",
year = "2014",
month = "11",
doi = "10.1111/aogs.12504",
language = "English",
volume = "93",
pages = "1109--22",
journal = "Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica",
issn = "0001-6349",
publisher = "JohnWiley & Sons Ltd",
number = "11",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Impact of fetal and neonatal environment on beta cell function and development of diabetes

AU - Nielsen, Jens H

AU - Haase, Tobias N

AU - Jaksch, Caroline

AU - Nalla, Amarnadh

AU - Søstrup, Birgitte

AU - Nalla, Anjana A

AU - Larsen, Louise

AU - Rasmussen, Morten

AU - Dalgaard, Louise T

AU - Gaarn, Louise W

AU - Thams, Peter

AU - Kofod, Hans

AU - Billestrup, Nils

N1 - © 2014 Nordic Federation of Societies of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

PY - 2014/11

Y1 - 2014/11

N2 - The global epidemic of diabetes is a serious threat against health and healthcare expenses. Although genetics is important it does not explain the dramatic increase in incidence, which must involve environmental factors. Two decades ago the concept of the thrifty phenotype was introduced, stating that the intrauterine environment during pregnancy has an impact on the gene expression that may persist until adulthood and cause metabolic diseases like obesity and type 2 diabetes. As the pancreatic beta cells are crucial in the regulation of metabolism this article will describe the influence of normal pregnancy on the beta cells in both the mother and the fetus and how various conditions like diabetes, obesity, overnutrition and undernutrition during and after pregnancy may influence the ability of the offspring to adapt to changes in insulin demand later in life. The influence of environmental factors including nutrients and gut microbiota on appetite regulation, mitochondrial activity and the immune system that may affect beta cell growth and function directly and indirectly is discussed. The possible role of epigenetic changes in the transgenerational transmission of the adverse programming may be the most threatening aspect with regard to the global diabetes epidemics. Finally, some suggestions for intervention are presented.

AB - The global epidemic of diabetes is a serious threat against health and healthcare expenses. Although genetics is important it does not explain the dramatic increase in incidence, which must involve environmental factors. Two decades ago the concept of the thrifty phenotype was introduced, stating that the intrauterine environment during pregnancy has an impact on the gene expression that may persist until adulthood and cause metabolic diseases like obesity and type 2 diabetes. As the pancreatic beta cells are crucial in the regulation of metabolism this article will describe the influence of normal pregnancy on the beta cells in both the mother and the fetus and how various conditions like diabetes, obesity, overnutrition and undernutrition during and after pregnancy may influence the ability of the offspring to adapt to changes in insulin demand later in life. The influence of environmental factors including nutrients and gut microbiota on appetite regulation, mitochondrial activity and the immune system that may affect beta cell growth and function directly and indirectly is discussed. The possible role of epigenetic changes in the transgenerational transmission of the adverse programming may be the most threatening aspect with regard to the global diabetes epidemics. Finally, some suggestions for intervention are presented.

KW - Diabetes, Gestational

KW - Epigenesis, Genetic

KW - Female

KW - Fetal Development

KW - Humans

KW - Insulin-Secreting Cells

KW - Maternal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena

KW - Obesity

KW - Phenotype

KW - Pregnancy

KW - Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects

KW - Prenatal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena

KW - Risk Factors

U2 - 10.1111/aogs.12504

DO - 10.1111/aogs.12504

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 25225114

VL - 93

SP - 1109

EP - 1122

JO - Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica

JF - Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica

SN - 0001-6349

IS - 11

ER -

ID: 132899492