High-resolution screening combined with HPLC–HRMS–SPE–NMR for identification of fungal plasma membrane H+-ATPase inhibitors from plants
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Crude extracts of 33 plant species were assessed for fungal plasma membrane (PM) H+-ATPase inhibition. This led to identification of 18 extracts showing more than 95% inhibition at a concentration of 7.5 mg/mL and/or a concentration-dependent activity profile. These extracts were selected for semi-high-resolution fungal PM H+-ATPase inhibition screening, and, on the basis of these results, Haplocoelum foliolosum (Hiern) Bullock and Sauvagesia erecta L. were selected for investigation by high-resolution fungal PM H+-ATPase inhibition screening. Structural analysis performed by high-performance liquid chromatography-high-resolution mass spectrometry-solid-phase extraction-nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (HPLC-HRMS-SPE-NMR) led to identification of chebulagic acid (1) and tellimagrandin II (2) from H. foliolosum. Preparative-scale isolation of the two metabolites allowed determination of IC50 values for PM H+-ATPase, and growth inhibition of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Candida albicans. Chebulagic acid and tellimagrandin II are both potent inhibitors of the PM H+-ATPase with inhibitory effect on the growth of S. cerevisiae.
|Tidsskrift||Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry|
|Status||Udgivet - 2014|