Gene-environment interaction in atopic diseases: a population-based twin study of early-life exposures

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Gene-environment interaction in atopic diseases : a population-based twin study of early-life exposures. / Kahr, Niklas; Naeser, Vibeke; Stensballe, Lone Graff; Kyvik, Kirsten Ohm; Skytthe, Axel; Backer, Vibeke; Bønnelykke, Klaus; Thomsen, Simon Francis.

I: Clinical Respiratory Journal, Bind 9, Nr. 1, 01.2015, s. 79-86.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Kahr, N, Naeser, V, Stensballe, LG, Kyvik, KO, Skytthe, A, Backer, V, Bønnelykke, K & Thomsen, SF 2015, 'Gene-environment interaction in atopic diseases: a population-based twin study of early-life exposures', Clinical Respiratory Journal, bind 9, nr. 1, s. 79-86. https://doi.org/10.1111/crj.12110

APA

Kahr, N., Naeser, V., Stensballe, L. G., Kyvik, K. O., Skytthe, A., Backer, V., Bønnelykke, K., & Thomsen, S. F. (2015). Gene-environment interaction in atopic diseases: a population-based twin study of early-life exposures. Clinical Respiratory Journal, 9(1), 79-86. https://doi.org/10.1111/crj.12110

Vancouver

Kahr N, Naeser V, Stensballe LG, Kyvik KO, Skytthe A, Backer V o.a. Gene-environment interaction in atopic diseases: a population-based twin study of early-life exposures. Clinical Respiratory Journal. 2015 jan;9(1):79-86. https://doi.org/10.1111/crj.12110

Author

Kahr, Niklas ; Naeser, Vibeke ; Stensballe, Lone Graff ; Kyvik, Kirsten Ohm ; Skytthe, Axel ; Backer, Vibeke ; Bønnelykke, Klaus ; Thomsen, Simon Francis. / Gene-environment interaction in atopic diseases : a population-based twin study of early-life exposures. I: Clinical Respiratory Journal. 2015 ; Bind 9, Nr. 1. s. 79-86.

Bibtex

@article{eda132ad4e754bfb96f6cc05fe14fcde,
title = "Gene-environment interaction in atopic diseases: a population-based twin study of early-life exposures",
abstract = "INTRODUCTION: The development of atopic diseases early in life suggests an important role of perinatal risk factors.OBJECTIVES: To study whether early-life exposures modify the genetic influence on atopic diseases in a twin population.METHODS: Questionnaire data on atopic diseases from 850 monozygotic and 2279 like-sex dizygotic twin pairs, 3-9 years of age, from the Danish Twin Registry were cross-linked with data on prematurity, Cesarean section, maternal age at birth, parental cohabitation, season of birth and maternal smoking during pregnancy, from the Danish National Birth Registry. Significant predictors of atopic diseases were identified with logistic regression and subsequently tested for genetic effect modification using variance components analysis.RESULTS: After multivariable adjustment, prematurity (gestational age below 32 weeks) [odds ratio (OR) = 1.93, confidence interval (CI) = 1.45-2.56], Cesarean section (OR = 1.25, CI = 1.05-1.49) and maternal smoking during pregnancy (OR = 1.70, CI = 1.42-2.04) significantly influenced the risk of asthma, whereas none of the factors were significantly associated with atopic dermatitis and hay fever. Variance components analysis stratified by exposure status showed no significant change in the heritability of asthma according to the identified risk factors.CONCLUSION: In this population-based study of children, there was no evidence of genetic effect modification of atopic diseases by several identified early-life risk factors. The causal relationship between these risk factors and atopic diseases may therefore be mediated via mechanisms different from gene-environment interaction.",
author = "Niklas Kahr and Vibeke Naeser and Stensballe, {Lone Graff} and Kyvik, {Kirsten Ohm} and Axel Skytthe and Vibeke Backer and Klaus B{\o}nnelykke and Thomsen, {Simon Francis}",
note = "{\textcopyright} 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.",
year = "2015",
month = jan,
doi = "10.1111/crj.12110",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
pages = "79--86",
journal = "Clinical Respiratory Journal",
issn = "1752-6981",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Gene-environment interaction in atopic diseases

T2 - a population-based twin study of early-life exposures

AU - Kahr, Niklas

AU - Naeser, Vibeke

AU - Stensballe, Lone Graff

AU - Kyvik, Kirsten Ohm

AU - Skytthe, Axel

AU - Backer, Vibeke

AU - Bønnelykke, Klaus

AU - Thomsen, Simon Francis

N1 - © 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

PY - 2015/1

Y1 - 2015/1

N2 - INTRODUCTION: The development of atopic diseases early in life suggests an important role of perinatal risk factors.OBJECTIVES: To study whether early-life exposures modify the genetic influence on atopic diseases in a twin population.METHODS: Questionnaire data on atopic diseases from 850 monozygotic and 2279 like-sex dizygotic twin pairs, 3-9 years of age, from the Danish Twin Registry were cross-linked with data on prematurity, Cesarean section, maternal age at birth, parental cohabitation, season of birth and maternal smoking during pregnancy, from the Danish National Birth Registry. Significant predictors of atopic diseases were identified with logistic regression and subsequently tested for genetic effect modification using variance components analysis.RESULTS: After multivariable adjustment, prematurity (gestational age below 32 weeks) [odds ratio (OR) = 1.93, confidence interval (CI) = 1.45-2.56], Cesarean section (OR = 1.25, CI = 1.05-1.49) and maternal smoking during pregnancy (OR = 1.70, CI = 1.42-2.04) significantly influenced the risk of asthma, whereas none of the factors were significantly associated with atopic dermatitis and hay fever. Variance components analysis stratified by exposure status showed no significant change in the heritability of asthma according to the identified risk factors.CONCLUSION: In this population-based study of children, there was no evidence of genetic effect modification of atopic diseases by several identified early-life risk factors. The causal relationship between these risk factors and atopic diseases may therefore be mediated via mechanisms different from gene-environment interaction.

AB - INTRODUCTION: The development of atopic diseases early in life suggests an important role of perinatal risk factors.OBJECTIVES: To study whether early-life exposures modify the genetic influence on atopic diseases in a twin population.METHODS: Questionnaire data on atopic diseases from 850 monozygotic and 2279 like-sex dizygotic twin pairs, 3-9 years of age, from the Danish Twin Registry were cross-linked with data on prematurity, Cesarean section, maternal age at birth, parental cohabitation, season of birth and maternal smoking during pregnancy, from the Danish National Birth Registry. Significant predictors of atopic diseases were identified with logistic regression and subsequently tested for genetic effect modification using variance components analysis.RESULTS: After multivariable adjustment, prematurity (gestational age below 32 weeks) [odds ratio (OR) = 1.93, confidence interval (CI) = 1.45-2.56], Cesarean section (OR = 1.25, CI = 1.05-1.49) and maternal smoking during pregnancy (OR = 1.70, CI = 1.42-2.04) significantly influenced the risk of asthma, whereas none of the factors were significantly associated with atopic dermatitis and hay fever. Variance components analysis stratified by exposure status showed no significant change in the heritability of asthma according to the identified risk factors.CONCLUSION: In this population-based study of children, there was no evidence of genetic effect modification of atopic diseases by several identified early-life risk factors. The causal relationship between these risk factors and atopic diseases may therefore be mediated via mechanisms different from gene-environment interaction.

U2 - 10.1111/crj.12110

DO - 10.1111/crj.12110

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 24444295

VL - 9

SP - 79

EP - 86

JO - Clinical Respiratory Journal

JF - Clinical Respiratory Journal

SN - 1752-6981

IS - 1

ER -

ID: 138147427