Fungal plasma membrane H+-ATPase inhibitory activity of o-hydroxybenzylated flavanones and chalcones from Uvaria chamae P. Beauv

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In our ongoing efforts of finding natural fungicides to fight food and feed spoilage during production and storage, the antifungal potential of Ghanaian Uvaria chamae P. Beauv. was investigated, with emphasis on plant metabolites targeting the fungal plasma membrane (PM) H+-ATPase. Ethyl acetate extract of U. chamae was subjected to high-resolution fungal PM H+-ATPase inhibition screening followed by structural elucidation by high-performance liquid chromatography–high-resolution mass spectrometry–solid-phase extraction–nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (HPLC–HRMS–SPE–NMR). This led to identification of a series of uncommon o-hydroxybenzylated flavanones and chalcones, i.e., chamanetin (8), isochamanetin (9), isouvaretin (10), uvaretin (11), dichamanetin (12), and diuvaretin (15). Preparative-scale isolation of the active metabolites allowed determination of IC50 values for inhibition of the PM H+-ATPase, and growth inhibition of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Candida albicans. These revealed a strong correlation between o-hydroxybenzyl substituents and PM H+-ATPase activity, with dichamanetin being the most potent compound, but showing moderate activity in the fungal growth inhibition assays.
Sider (fra-til)102-106
Antal sider5
StatusUdgivet - 20 jun. 2015

ID: 138960503