Filaggrin gene loss-of-function mutations explain discordance of atopic dermatitis within dizygotic twin pairs

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Filaggrin gene loss-of-function mutations explain discordance of atopic dermatitis within dizygotic twin pairs. / Thomsen, Simon Francis; Elmose, Camilla; Szecsi, Pal Bela; Stender, Steen; Kyvik, Kirsten Ohm; Backer, Vibeke; Thyssen, Jacob Pontoppidan.

I: International Journal of Dermatology, Bind 55, Nr. 12, 12.2016, s. 1341-1344.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Thomsen, SF, Elmose, C, Szecsi, PB, Stender, S, Kyvik, KO, Backer, V & Thyssen, JP 2016, 'Filaggrin gene loss-of-function mutations explain discordance of atopic dermatitis within dizygotic twin pairs', International Journal of Dermatology, bind 55, nr. 12, s. 1341-1344. https://doi.org/10.1111/ijd.13401

APA

Thomsen, S. F., Elmose, C., Szecsi, P. B., Stender, S., Kyvik, K. O., Backer, V., & Thyssen, J. P. (2016). Filaggrin gene loss-of-function mutations explain discordance of atopic dermatitis within dizygotic twin pairs. International Journal of Dermatology, 55(12), 1341-1344. https://doi.org/10.1111/ijd.13401

Vancouver

Thomsen SF, Elmose C, Szecsi PB, Stender S, Kyvik KO, Backer V o.a. Filaggrin gene loss-of-function mutations explain discordance of atopic dermatitis within dizygotic twin pairs. International Journal of Dermatology. 2016 dec;55(12):1341-1344. https://doi.org/10.1111/ijd.13401

Author

Thomsen, Simon Francis ; Elmose, Camilla ; Szecsi, Pal Bela ; Stender, Steen ; Kyvik, Kirsten Ohm ; Backer, Vibeke ; Thyssen, Jacob Pontoppidan. / Filaggrin gene loss-of-function mutations explain discordance of atopic dermatitis within dizygotic twin pairs. I: International Journal of Dermatology. 2016 ; Bind 55, Nr. 12. s. 1341-1344.

Bibtex

@article{1fba306673724bbb97a0ed6c6d67cdb5,
title = "Filaggrin gene loss-of-function mutations explain discordance of atopic dermatitis within dizygotic twin pairs",
abstract = "OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to examine the association between loss-of-function mutations in the filaggrin gene (FLG) and atopic dermatitis (AD) and asthma in adult twins.METHODS: A previously well-characterized cohort of 575 adult twins were genotyped for the loss-of-function mutations in FLG (R501X, 2282del4 and R2447X) most common among northern Europeans. Subjects were examined for symptoms of atopic diseases as well as for lung function, airway responsiveness, and atopy.RESULTS: In the whole population of twins, the risk for AD was significantly increased in individuals with FLG mutations in comparison with wild-type carriers (34.3% vs. 21.8%) after adjustment for possible confounders (odds ratio [OR] 1.92, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.07-3.41; P = 0.028). A significant association was also observed for persistent AD (OR 2.10, 95% CI 1.02-4.36; P = 0.046). There were no significant differences in risk for asthma by FLG mutation status in individuals with and without AD, respectively (P-value for interaction, 0.595). In 11 dizygotic twin pairs discordant for FLG mutation status, risk for AD was higher in the twin carrying the FLG mutation (five of 11 [45.5%] twins had developed AD) than in the non-carrier co-twin (two of 11 [18.2%] twins had developed AD) (OR 2.50, 95% CI 0.45-13.85; P = 0.293). FLG status did not explain a significant proportion of the variation in AD (P = 0.328) or asthma (P = 0.321).CONCLUSIONS: Filaggrin gene mutations are risk factors for the presence and persistence of AD and explain the discordance of AD within dizygotic twin pairs.",
author = "Thomsen, {Simon Francis} and Camilla Elmose and Szecsi, {Pal Bela} and Steen Stender and Kyvik, {Kirsten Ohm} and Vibeke Backer and Thyssen, {Jacob Pontoppidan}",
note = "{\textcopyright} 2016 The International Society of Dermatology.",
year = "2016",
month = dec,
doi = "10.1111/ijd.13401",
language = "English",
volume = "55",
pages = "1341--1344",
journal = "International Journal of Dermatology",
issn = "0011-9059",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "12",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Filaggrin gene loss-of-function mutations explain discordance of atopic dermatitis within dizygotic twin pairs

AU - Thomsen, Simon Francis

AU - Elmose, Camilla

AU - Szecsi, Pal Bela

AU - Stender, Steen

AU - Kyvik, Kirsten Ohm

AU - Backer, Vibeke

AU - Thyssen, Jacob Pontoppidan

N1 - © 2016 The International Society of Dermatology.

PY - 2016/12

Y1 - 2016/12

N2 - OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to examine the association between loss-of-function mutations in the filaggrin gene (FLG) and atopic dermatitis (AD) and asthma in adult twins.METHODS: A previously well-characterized cohort of 575 adult twins were genotyped for the loss-of-function mutations in FLG (R501X, 2282del4 and R2447X) most common among northern Europeans. Subjects were examined for symptoms of atopic diseases as well as for lung function, airway responsiveness, and atopy.RESULTS: In the whole population of twins, the risk for AD was significantly increased in individuals with FLG mutations in comparison with wild-type carriers (34.3% vs. 21.8%) after adjustment for possible confounders (odds ratio [OR] 1.92, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.07-3.41; P = 0.028). A significant association was also observed for persistent AD (OR 2.10, 95% CI 1.02-4.36; P = 0.046). There were no significant differences in risk for asthma by FLG mutation status in individuals with and without AD, respectively (P-value for interaction, 0.595). In 11 dizygotic twin pairs discordant for FLG mutation status, risk for AD was higher in the twin carrying the FLG mutation (five of 11 [45.5%] twins had developed AD) than in the non-carrier co-twin (two of 11 [18.2%] twins had developed AD) (OR 2.50, 95% CI 0.45-13.85; P = 0.293). FLG status did not explain a significant proportion of the variation in AD (P = 0.328) or asthma (P = 0.321).CONCLUSIONS: Filaggrin gene mutations are risk factors for the presence and persistence of AD and explain the discordance of AD within dizygotic twin pairs.

AB - OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to examine the association between loss-of-function mutations in the filaggrin gene (FLG) and atopic dermatitis (AD) and asthma in adult twins.METHODS: A previously well-characterized cohort of 575 adult twins were genotyped for the loss-of-function mutations in FLG (R501X, 2282del4 and R2447X) most common among northern Europeans. Subjects were examined for symptoms of atopic diseases as well as for lung function, airway responsiveness, and atopy.RESULTS: In the whole population of twins, the risk for AD was significantly increased in individuals with FLG mutations in comparison with wild-type carriers (34.3% vs. 21.8%) after adjustment for possible confounders (odds ratio [OR] 1.92, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.07-3.41; P = 0.028). A significant association was also observed for persistent AD (OR 2.10, 95% CI 1.02-4.36; P = 0.046). There were no significant differences in risk for asthma by FLG mutation status in individuals with and without AD, respectively (P-value for interaction, 0.595). In 11 dizygotic twin pairs discordant for FLG mutation status, risk for AD was higher in the twin carrying the FLG mutation (five of 11 [45.5%] twins had developed AD) than in the non-carrier co-twin (two of 11 [18.2%] twins had developed AD) (OR 2.50, 95% CI 0.45-13.85; P = 0.293). FLG status did not explain a significant proportion of the variation in AD (P = 0.328) or asthma (P = 0.321).CONCLUSIONS: Filaggrin gene mutations are risk factors for the presence and persistence of AD and explain the discordance of AD within dizygotic twin pairs.

U2 - 10.1111/ijd.13401

DO - 10.1111/ijd.13401

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 27653621

VL - 55

SP - 1341

EP - 1344

JO - International Journal of Dermatology

JF - International Journal of Dermatology

SN - 0011-9059

IS - 12

ER -

ID: 176897295