Effects of sitagliptin on counterregulatory and incretin hormones during acute hypoglycaemia in patients with type 1 diabetes: a randomized double blind placebo-controlled cross-over study

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Effects of sitagliptin on counterregulatory and incretin hormones during acute hypoglycaemia in patients with type 1 diabetes : a randomized double blind placebo-controlled cross-over study. / Schopman, J E; Hoekstra, J B L; Frier, B M; Ackermans, M T; de Sonnaville, J J J; Stades, A M; Zwertbroek, R; Hartmann, B; Holst, Jens Juul; Knop, F K; Holleman, F.

I: Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism, Bind 17, Nr. 6, 06.2015, s. 546-53.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Schopman, JE, Hoekstra, JBL, Frier, BM, Ackermans, MT, de Sonnaville, JJJ, Stades, AM, Zwertbroek, R, Hartmann, B, Holst, JJ, Knop, FK & Holleman, F 2015, 'Effects of sitagliptin on counterregulatory and incretin hormones during acute hypoglycaemia in patients with type 1 diabetes: a randomized double blind placebo-controlled cross-over study', Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism, bind 17, nr. 6, s. 546-53. https://doi.org/10.1111/dom.12453

APA

Schopman, J. E., Hoekstra, J. B. L., Frier, B. M., Ackermans, M. T., de Sonnaville, J. J. J., Stades, A. M., Zwertbroek, R., Hartmann, B., Holst, J. J., Knop, F. K., & Holleman, F. (2015). Effects of sitagliptin on counterregulatory and incretin hormones during acute hypoglycaemia in patients with type 1 diabetes: a randomized double blind placebo-controlled cross-over study. Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism, 17(6), 546-53. https://doi.org/10.1111/dom.12453

Vancouver

Schopman JE, Hoekstra JBL, Frier BM, Ackermans MT, de Sonnaville JJJ, Stades AM o.a. Effects of sitagliptin on counterregulatory and incretin hormones during acute hypoglycaemia in patients with type 1 diabetes: a randomized double blind placebo-controlled cross-over study. Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism. 2015 jun;17(6):546-53. https://doi.org/10.1111/dom.12453

Author

Schopman, J E ; Hoekstra, J B L ; Frier, B M ; Ackermans, M T ; de Sonnaville, J J J ; Stades, A M ; Zwertbroek, R ; Hartmann, B ; Holst, Jens Juul ; Knop, F K ; Holleman, F. / Effects of sitagliptin on counterregulatory and incretin hormones during acute hypoglycaemia in patients with type 1 diabetes : a randomized double blind placebo-controlled cross-over study. I: Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism. 2015 ; Bind 17, Nr. 6. s. 546-53.

Bibtex

@article{a69be13178b04901ad2e95dd0cc55dd8,
title = "Effects of sitagliptin on counterregulatory and incretin hormones during acute hypoglycaemia in patients with type 1 diabetes: a randomized double blind placebo-controlled cross-over study",
abstract = "AIMS: Within a few years after onset of type 1 diabetes (T1DM), the glucagon response to hypoglycaemia is severely diminished. Inhibitors of the enzyme dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4), which under normal circumstances inactivate the incretin hormones (glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1)), have been suggested to enhance glucagon secretion during hypoglycaemia in patients with type 2 diabetes. The aim of this study was to assess whether the DPP-4 inhibitor sitagliptin affects glucagon and other counterregulatory hormone responses to hypoglycaemia in patients with T1DM.METHODS: We conducted a single-centre, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, three-period cross-over study. We studied 16 male patients with T1DM aged 18-52 years, with diabetes duration of 5-20 years and intact hypoglycaemia awareness. Participants received sitagliptin (100 mg/day) or placebo for 6 weeks and attended the hospital for three acute hypoglycaemia studies (at baseline, after sitagliptin treatment and after placebo). The primary outcome was differences between the three hypoglycaemia study days with respect to plasma glucagon responses from the initialization phase of the hypoglycaemia intervention to 40 minutes after onset of the autonomic reaction.RESULTS: Sitagliptin treatment significantly increased active levels of GIP and GLP-1. No significant differences were observed for glucagon or adrenergic counterregulatory responses during the three hypoglycaemia studies. Growth hormone concentration at 40 minutes after occurrence of autonomic reaction was significantly lower after sitagliptin treatment [23 (0.2-211.0)mEq/l] compared to placebo [90 (8.8-180)mEq/l](p=0.008).CONCLUSIONS: Sitagliptin does not affect glucagon or adrenergic counterregulatory responses in patients with T1DM, but attenuates the growth hormone response during late hypoglycaemia.",
author = "Schopman, {J E} and Hoekstra, {J B L} and Frier, {B M} and Ackermans, {M T} and {de Sonnaville}, {J J J} and Stades, {A M} and R Zwertbroek and B Hartmann and Holst, {Jens Juul} and Knop, {F K} and F Holleman",
note = "This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.",
year = "2015",
month = jun,
doi = "10.1111/dom.12453",
language = "English",
volume = "17",
pages = "546--53",
journal = "Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism",
issn = "1462-8902",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "6",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of sitagliptin on counterregulatory and incretin hormones during acute hypoglycaemia in patients with type 1 diabetes

T2 - a randomized double blind placebo-controlled cross-over study

AU - Schopman, J E

AU - Hoekstra, J B L

AU - Frier, B M

AU - Ackermans, M T

AU - de Sonnaville, J J J

AU - Stades, A M

AU - Zwertbroek, R

AU - Hartmann, B

AU - Holst, Jens Juul

AU - Knop, F K

AU - Holleman, F

N1 - This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

PY - 2015/6

Y1 - 2015/6

N2 - AIMS: Within a few years after onset of type 1 diabetes (T1DM), the glucagon response to hypoglycaemia is severely diminished. Inhibitors of the enzyme dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4), which under normal circumstances inactivate the incretin hormones (glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1)), have been suggested to enhance glucagon secretion during hypoglycaemia in patients with type 2 diabetes. The aim of this study was to assess whether the DPP-4 inhibitor sitagliptin affects glucagon and other counterregulatory hormone responses to hypoglycaemia in patients with T1DM.METHODS: We conducted a single-centre, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, three-period cross-over study. We studied 16 male patients with T1DM aged 18-52 years, with diabetes duration of 5-20 years and intact hypoglycaemia awareness. Participants received sitagliptin (100 mg/day) or placebo for 6 weeks and attended the hospital for three acute hypoglycaemia studies (at baseline, after sitagliptin treatment and after placebo). The primary outcome was differences between the three hypoglycaemia study days with respect to plasma glucagon responses from the initialization phase of the hypoglycaemia intervention to 40 minutes after onset of the autonomic reaction.RESULTS: Sitagliptin treatment significantly increased active levels of GIP and GLP-1. No significant differences were observed for glucagon or adrenergic counterregulatory responses during the three hypoglycaemia studies. Growth hormone concentration at 40 minutes after occurrence of autonomic reaction was significantly lower after sitagliptin treatment [23 (0.2-211.0)mEq/l] compared to placebo [90 (8.8-180)mEq/l](p=0.008).CONCLUSIONS: Sitagliptin does not affect glucagon or adrenergic counterregulatory responses in patients with T1DM, but attenuates the growth hormone response during late hypoglycaemia.

AB - AIMS: Within a few years after onset of type 1 diabetes (T1DM), the glucagon response to hypoglycaemia is severely diminished. Inhibitors of the enzyme dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4), which under normal circumstances inactivate the incretin hormones (glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1)), have been suggested to enhance glucagon secretion during hypoglycaemia in patients with type 2 diabetes. The aim of this study was to assess whether the DPP-4 inhibitor sitagliptin affects glucagon and other counterregulatory hormone responses to hypoglycaemia in patients with T1DM.METHODS: We conducted a single-centre, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, three-period cross-over study. We studied 16 male patients with T1DM aged 18-52 years, with diabetes duration of 5-20 years and intact hypoglycaemia awareness. Participants received sitagliptin (100 mg/day) or placebo for 6 weeks and attended the hospital for three acute hypoglycaemia studies (at baseline, after sitagliptin treatment and after placebo). The primary outcome was differences between the three hypoglycaemia study days with respect to plasma glucagon responses from the initialization phase of the hypoglycaemia intervention to 40 minutes after onset of the autonomic reaction.RESULTS: Sitagliptin treatment significantly increased active levels of GIP and GLP-1. No significant differences were observed for glucagon or adrenergic counterregulatory responses during the three hypoglycaemia studies. Growth hormone concentration at 40 minutes after occurrence of autonomic reaction was significantly lower after sitagliptin treatment [23 (0.2-211.0)mEq/l] compared to placebo [90 (8.8-180)mEq/l](p=0.008).CONCLUSIONS: Sitagliptin does not affect glucagon or adrenergic counterregulatory responses in patients with T1DM, but attenuates the growth hormone response during late hypoglycaemia.

U2 - 10.1111/dom.12453

DO - 10.1111/dom.12453

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 25694217

VL - 17

SP - 546

EP - 553

JO - Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism

JF - Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism

SN - 1462-8902

IS - 6

ER -

ID: 132047525