Effect of diabetes duration on the relationship between glycaemic control and risk of death in older adults with type 2 diabetes

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Effect of diabetes duration on the relationship between glycaemic control and risk of death in older adults with type 2 diabetes. / Ghouse, Jonas; Isaksen, Jonas L; Skov, Morten W; Lind, Bent; Svendsen, Jesper H; Kanters, Jørgen K; Olesen, Morten S; Holst, Anders G.; Nielsen, Jonas B.

I: Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism, Bind 22, Nr. 2, 2020, s. 231-242.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Ghouse, J, Isaksen, JL, Skov, MW, Lind, B, Svendsen, JH, Kanters, JK, Olesen, MS, Holst, AG & Nielsen, JB 2020, 'Effect of diabetes duration on the relationship between glycaemic control and risk of death in older adults with type 2 diabetes', Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism, bind 22, nr. 2, s. 231-242. https://doi.org/10.1111/dom.13891

APA

Ghouse, J., Isaksen, J. L., Skov, M. W., Lind, B., Svendsen, J. H., Kanters, J. K., ... Nielsen, J. B. (2020). Effect of diabetes duration on the relationship between glycaemic control and risk of death in older adults with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism, 22(2), 231-242. https://doi.org/10.1111/dom.13891

Vancouver

Ghouse J, Isaksen JL, Skov MW, Lind B, Svendsen JH, Kanters JK o.a. Effect of diabetes duration on the relationship between glycaemic control and risk of death in older adults with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism. 2020;22(2):231-242. https://doi.org/10.1111/dom.13891

Author

Ghouse, Jonas ; Isaksen, Jonas L ; Skov, Morten W ; Lind, Bent ; Svendsen, Jesper H ; Kanters, Jørgen K ; Olesen, Morten S ; Holst, Anders G. ; Nielsen, Jonas B. / Effect of diabetes duration on the relationship between glycaemic control and risk of death in older adults with type 2 diabetes. I: Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism. 2020 ; Bind 22, Nr. 2. s. 231-242.

Bibtex

@article{fbf0dda39527495db667978330b0a3c0,
title = "Effect of diabetes duration on the relationship between glycaemic control and risk of death in older adults with type 2 diabetes",
abstract = "AIM: To investigate the effect of diabetes duration on glycaemic control, measured according to mean glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) level, and mortality risk within different age, sex and clinically relevant, comorbidity-defined subgroups in an elderly population with type 2 diabetes (T2D).METHODS: We studied older (≥ 65 years) primary care patients with T2D, who had three successive annual measurements of HbA1c taken between 2005 and 2013. The primary exposure was the mean of all three HbA1c measurements. Follow-up began on the date of the third measurement. Individual mean HbA1c levels were categorized into clinically relevant groups (<48 mmol/mol [<6.5{\%}]; 48-52 mmol/mol [6.5{\%}-6.9 {\%}]; 53-63 mmol/mol [7{\%}-7.9{\%}]; 64-74 mmol/mol [8{\%}-8.9{\%}]; and ≥ 75 mmol/mol [≥ 9{\%}]). We used multiple Cox regression to study the effect of glycaemic control on the hazard of all-cause mortality, adjusted for age, sex, use of concomitant medication, and age- and disease-related comorbidities.RESULTS: A total of 9734 individuals were included. During a median (interquartile range) follow-up of 7.3 (4.6-8.7) years, 3320 individuals died. We found that the effect of mean HbA1c on all-cause mortality depended on the duration of diabetes (P for interaction <0.001). For individuals with short diabetes duration (<5 years), the risk of death increased with poorer glycaemic control (increasing HbA1c), whereas for individuals with longstanding diabetes (≥ 5 years), we found a J-shaped association, where a mean HbA1c level between 48 and 63 mmol/mol (6.5{\%} and 7.9{\%}) was associated with the lowest risk of death. For individuals with longstanding diabetes, both low (< 48 mmol/mol [<6.5 {\%}]; hazard ratio [HR] 1.21, 95 {\%} confidence interval [CI] 1.07-1.37, P = 0.002), and high mean HbA1c levels ( ≥ 75 mmol/mol [≥9.0 {\%}]; HR 1.60, 95 {\%} CI 1.28-1.99, P < 0.001) were associated with an increased risk of death. We also calculated 5-year absolute risks of all-cause mortality, separately for short and long diabetes duration, and found similar risk patterns across different age groups, sex and comorbidity strata.CONCLUSIONS: In elderly individuals with T2D, the effect of glycaemic control (measured by HbA1c) on all-cause mortality depended on the duration of diabetes. Of particular clinical importance, we found that strict glycaemic control was associated with an increased risk of death among individuals with long (>5 years) diabetes duration. This was not the case for individuals with short diabetes duration where strict glycaemic control was associated with the lowest risk of death. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.",
author = "Jonas Ghouse and Isaksen, {Jonas L} and Skov, {Morten W} and Bent Lind and Svendsen, {Jesper H} and Kanters, {J{\o}rgen K} and Olesen, {Morten S} and Holst, {Anders G.} and Nielsen, {Jonas B.}",
note = "This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.",
year = "2020",
doi = "10.1111/dom.13891",
language = "English",
volume = "22",
pages = "231--242",
journal = "Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism",
issn = "1462-8902",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of diabetes duration on the relationship between glycaemic control and risk of death in older adults with type 2 diabetes

AU - Ghouse, Jonas

AU - Isaksen, Jonas L

AU - Skov, Morten W

AU - Lind, Bent

AU - Svendsen, Jesper H

AU - Kanters, Jørgen K

AU - Olesen, Morten S

AU - Holst, Anders G.

AU - Nielsen, Jonas B.

N1 - This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

PY - 2020

Y1 - 2020

N2 - AIM: To investigate the effect of diabetes duration on glycaemic control, measured according to mean glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) level, and mortality risk within different age, sex and clinically relevant, comorbidity-defined subgroups in an elderly population with type 2 diabetes (T2D).METHODS: We studied older (≥ 65 years) primary care patients with T2D, who had three successive annual measurements of HbA1c taken between 2005 and 2013. The primary exposure was the mean of all three HbA1c measurements. Follow-up began on the date of the third measurement. Individual mean HbA1c levels were categorized into clinically relevant groups (<48 mmol/mol [<6.5%]; 48-52 mmol/mol [6.5%-6.9 %]; 53-63 mmol/mol [7%-7.9%]; 64-74 mmol/mol [8%-8.9%]; and ≥ 75 mmol/mol [≥ 9%]). We used multiple Cox regression to study the effect of glycaemic control on the hazard of all-cause mortality, adjusted for age, sex, use of concomitant medication, and age- and disease-related comorbidities.RESULTS: A total of 9734 individuals were included. During a median (interquartile range) follow-up of 7.3 (4.6-8.7) years, 3320 individuals died. We found that the effect of mean HbA1c on all-cause mortality depended on the duration of diabetes (P for interaction <0.001). For individuals with short diabetes duration (<5 years), the risk of death increased with poorer glycaemic control (increasing HbA1c), whereas for individuals with longstanding diabetes (≥ 5 years), we found a J-shaped association, where a mean HbA1c level between 48 and 63 mmol/mol (6.5% and 7.9%) was associated with the lowest risk of death. For individuals with longstanding diabetes, both low (< 48 mmol/mol [<6.5 %]; hazard ratio [HR] 1.21, 95 % confidence interval [CI] 1.07-1.37, P = 0.002), and high mean HbA1c levels ( ≥ 75 mmol/mol [≥9.0 %]; HR 1.60, 95 % CI 1.28-1.99, P < 0.001) were associated with an increased risk of death. We also calculated 5-year absolute risks of all-cause mortality, separately for short and long diabetes duration, and found similar risk patterns across different age groups, sex and comorbidity strata.CONCLUSIONS: In elderly individuals with T2D, the effect of glycaemic control (measured by HbA1c) on all-cause mortality depended on the duration of diabetes. Of particular clinical importance, we found that strict glycaemic control was associated with an increased risk of death among individuals with long (>5 years) diabetes duration. This was not the case for individuals with short diabetes duration where strict glycaemic control was associated with the lowest risk of death. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

AB - AIM: To investigate the effect of diabetes duration on glycaemic control, measured according to mean glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) level, and mortality risk within different age, sex and clinically relevant, comorbidity-defined subgroups in an elderly population with type 2 diabetes (T2D).METHODS: We studied older (≥ 65 years) primary care patients with T2D, who had three successive annual measurements of HbA1c taken between 2005 and 2013. The primary exposure was the mean of all three HbA1c measurements. Follow-up began on the date of the third measurement. Individual mean HbA1c levels were categorized into clinically relevant groups (<48 mmol/mol [<6.5%]; 48-52 mmol/mol [6.5%-6.9 %]; 53-63 mmol/mol [7%-7.9%]; 64-74 mmol/mol [8%-8.9%]; and ≥ 75 mmol/mol [≥ 9%]). We used multiple Cox regression to study the effect of glycaemic control on the hazard of all-cause mortality, adjusted for age, sex, use of concomitant medication, and age- and disease-related comorbidities.RESULTS: A total of 9734 individuals were included. During a median (interquartile range) follow-up of 7.3 (4.6-8.7) years, 3320 individuals died. We found that the effect of mean HbA1c on all-cause mortality depended on the duration of diabetes (P for interaction <0.001). For individuals with short diabetes duration (<5 years), the risk of death increased with poorer glycaemic control (increasing HbA1c), whereas for individuals with longstanding diabetes (≥ 5 years), we found a J-shaped association, where a mean HbA1c level between 48 and 63 mmol/mol (6.5% and 7.9%) was associated with the lowest risk of death. For individuals with longstanding diabetes, both low (< 48 mmol/mol [<6.5 %]; hazard ratio [HR] 1.21, 95 % confidence interval [CI] 1.07-1.37, P = 0.002), and high mean HbA1c levels ( ≥ 75 mmol/mol [≥9.0 %]; HR 1.60, 95 % CI 1.28-1.99, P < 0.001) were associated with an increased risk of death. We also calculated 5-year absolute risks of all-cause mortality, separately for short and long diabetes duration, and found similar risk patterns across different age groups, sex and comorbidity strata.CONCLUSIONS: In elderly individuals with T2D, the effect of glycaemic control (measured by HbA1c) on all-cause mortality depended on the duration of diabetes. Of particular clinical importance, we found that strict glycaemic control was associated with an increased risk of death among individuals with long (>5 years) diabetes duration. This was not the case for individuals with short diabetes duration where strict glycaemic control was associated with the lowest risk of death. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

U2 - 10.1111/dom.13891

DO - 10.1111/dom.13891

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 31596048

VL - 22

SP - 231

EP - 242

JO - Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism

JF - Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism

SN - 1462-8902

IS - 2

ER -

ID: 228730794