Don't words come easy? A psychophysical exploration of word superiority

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Don't words come easy? A psychophysical exploration of word superiority. / Starrfelt, Randi; Petersen, Anders; Vangkilde, Signe Allerup.

I: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, Bind 7, 519, 2013.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Starrfelt, R, Petersen, A & Vangkilde, SA 2013, 'Don't words come easy? A psychophysical exploration of word superiority', Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, bind 7, 519. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2013.00519

APA

Starrfelt, R., Petersen, A., & Vangkilde, S. A. (2013). Don't words come easy? A psychophysical exploration of word superiority. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 7, [519]. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2013.00519

Vancouver

Starrfelt R, Petersen A, Vangkilde SA. Don't words come easy? A psychophysical exploration of word superiority. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 2013;7. 519. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2013.00519

Author

Starrfelt, Randi ; Petersen, Anders ; Vangkilde, Signe Allerup. / Don't words come easy? A psychophysical exploration of word superiority. I: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 2013 ; Bind 7.

Bibtex

@article{67dcae5e31aa4037b03aa23015cde46a,
title = "Don't words come easy? A psychophysical exploration of word superiority",
abstract = "Words are made of letters, and yet sometimes it is easier to identify a word than a single letter. This word superiority effect (WSE) has been observed when written stimuli are presented very briefly or degraded by visual noise. We compare performance with letters and words in three experiments, to explore the extents and limits of the WSE. Using a carefully controlled list of three letter words, we show that a word superiority effect can be revealed in vocal reaction times even to undegraded stimuli. With a novel combination of psychophysics and mathematical modelling, we further show that the typical WSE is specifically reflected in perceptual processing speed: single words are simply processed faster than single letters. Intriguingly, when multiple stimuli are presented simultaneously, letters are perceived more easily than words, and this is reflected both in perceptual processing speed and visual short term memory capacity. So, even if single words come easy, there is a limit to the word superiority effect.",
author = "Randi Starrfelt and Anders Petersen and Vangkilde, {Signe Allerup}",
year = "2013",
doi = "10.3389/fnhum.2013.00519",
language = "English",
volume = "7",
journal = "Frontiers in Human Neuroscience",
issn = "1662-5161",
publisher = "Frontiers Research Foundation",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Don't words come easy? A psychophysical exploration of word superiority

AU - Starrfelt, Randi

AU - Petersen, Anders

AU - Vangkilde, Signe Allerup

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - Words are made of letters, and yet sometimes it is easier to identify a word than a single letter. This word superiority effect (WSE) has been observed when written stimuli are presented very briefly or degraded by visual noise. We compare performance with letters and words in three experiments, to explore the extents and limits of the WSE. Using a carefully controlled list of three letter words, we show that a word superiority effect can be revealed in vocal reaction times even to undegraded stimuli. With a novel combination of psychophysics and mathematical modelling, we further show that the typical WSE is specifically reflected in perceptual processing speed: single words are simply processed faster than single letters. Intriguingly, when multiple stimuli are presented simultaneously, letters are perceived more easily than words, and this is reflected both in perceptual processing speed and visual short term memory capacity. So, even if single words come easy, there is a limit to the word superiority effect.

AB - Words are made of letters, and yet sometimes it is easier to identify a word than a single letter. This word superiority effect (WSE) has been observed when written stimuli are presented very briefly or degraded by visual noise. We compare performance with letters and words in three experiments, to explore the extents and limits of the WSE. Using a carefully controlled list of three letter words, we show that a word superiority effect can be revealed in vocal reaction times even to undegraded stimuli. With a novel combination of psychophysics and mathematical modelling, we further show that the typical WSE is specifically reflected in perceptual processing speed: single words are simply processed faster than single letters. Intriguingly, when multiple stimuli are presented simultaneously, letters are perceived more easily than words, and this is reflected both in perceptual processing speed and visual short term memory capacity. So, even if single words come easy, there is a limit to the word superiority effect.

U2 - 10.3389/fnhum.2013.00519

DO - 10.3389/fnhum.2013.00519

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 24027510

VL - 7

JO - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience

JF - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience

SN - 1662-5161

M1 - 519

ER -

ID: 49597533