Dental Caries in 7-17-Year-Old Children in Moscow: A Clinical and a Questionnaire Study

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Dental Caries in 7-17-Year-Old Children in Moscow : A Clinical and a Questionnaire Study. / Kuzmina, Irina; Ekstrand, Kim Rud; Qvist, Vibeke; Demuria, Liubov; Bakhshandeh, Azam.

I: Oral Health and Preventive Dentistry, Bind 18, Nr. 2, 2020, s. 221-227.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Kuzmina, I, Ekstrand, KR, Qvist, V, Demuria, L & Bakhshandeh, A 2020, 'Dental Caries in 7-17-Year-Old Children in Moscow: A Clinical and a Questionnaire Study', Oral Health and Preventive Dentistry, bind 18, nr. 2, s. 221-227. https://doi.org/10.3290/j.ohpd.a43358

APA

Kuzmina, I., Ekstrand, K. R., Qvist, V., Demuria, L., & Bakhshandeh, A. (2020). Dental Caries in 7-17-Year-Old Children in Moscow: A Clinical and a Questionnaire Study. Oral Health and Preventive Dentistry, 18(2), 221-227. https://doi.org/10.3290/j.ohpd.a43358

Vancouver

Kuzmina I, Ekstrand KR, Qvist V, Demuria L, Bakhshandeh A. Dental Caries in 7-17-Year-Old Children in Moscow: A Clinical and a Questionnaire Study. Oral Health and Preventive Dentistry. 2020;18(2):221-227. https://doi.org/10.3290/j.ohpd.a43358

Author

Kuzmina, Irina ; Ekstrand, Kim Rud ; Qvist, Vibeke ; Demuria, Liubov ; Bakhshandeh, Azam. / Dental Caries in 7-17-Year-Old Children in Moscow : A Clinical and a Questionnaire Study. I: Oral Health and Preventive Dentistry. 2020 ; Bind 18, Nr. 2. s. 221-227.

Bibtex

@article{8ca2640470b146e5bbd24b23a33e77df,
title = "Dental Caries in 7-17-Year-Old Children in Moscow: A Clinical and a Questionnaire Study",
abstract = "Purpose: Sparse data is available concerning the distribution of decayed, extracted, filled/decayed, missing, filled tooth surfaces (defs/DMFS) and the impact of influencing risk factors in Moscow. We thus aimed to measure caries experience and to estimate its associations with relevant risk factors in schoolchildren. Materials and Methods: Data was obtained from 1004 schoolchildren aged 7-17. The clinical examination included the status of dental plaque, gingival bleeding and caries experience; defs/DMFS. The questionnaire was introduced to the children/parents, in order to measure socioeconomic and behavioural variables. The Fisher Exact test and chi-squared test were used to assess statistical significance of the distribution of the variables among groups. Bivariate and general estimating equations (GEE) analyses were applied to estimate the relative effect of the independent variables on the outcomes defined as median defs and median DMFS. Results: The median defs and median DMFS varied among age groups. In the primary dentition, the bivariate analyses showed association between median defs and gender, plaque, toothache, self-satisfaction with the appearance of teeth, and intake of milk with sugar were associated (p <0.05). The multivariate analyses revealed that the median defs was lower in girls (OR = 0.9) and children with evidence of no plaque (OR = 0.7)/thin plaque (OR = 0.8), (p ≤ 0.002). In the permanent dentition, the bivariate analyses showed association between median DMFS and plaque, gingival bleeding, healthy dentition, use of toothpicks/dental floss, intake of biscuits etc, soft drinks and jam/ honey, and education of the child's mother (p ≤ 0.02). Only gingival bleeding after probing (OR = 1.2) and higher education level of the mothers (OR = 0.9) were associated with the median DMFS in the multivariate analyses (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Clinical, socioeconomic and behavioural determinants were identified to influence caries in primary and permanent dentition in schoolchildren in Moscow. The findings might provide a reliable basis for improvements and education programmes in oral health promotion for children and adolescents.",
keywords = "Caries, Clinical research, Epidemiology, Oral health, Paediatric dentistry",
author = "Irina Kuzmina and Ekstrand, {Kim Rud} and Vibeke Qvist and Liubov Demuria and Azam Bakhshandeh",
year = "2020",
doi = "10.3290/j.ohpd.a43358",
language = "English",
volume = "18",
pages = "221--227",
journal = "Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry",
issn = "1602-1622",
publisher = "Quintessence Publishing",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Dental Caries in 7-17-Year-Old Children in Moscow

T2 - A Clinical and a Questionnaire Study

AU - Kuzmina, Irina

AU - Ekstrand, Kim Rud

AU - Qvist, Vibeke

AU - Demuria, Liubov

AU - Bakhshandeh, Azam

PY - 2020

Y1 - 2020

N2 - Purpose: Sparse data is available concerning the distribution of decayed, extracted, filled/decayed, missing, filled tooth surfaces (defs/DMFS) and the impact of influencing risk factors in Moscow. We thus aimed to measure caries experience and to estimate its associations with relevant risk factors in schoolchildren. Materials and Methods: Data was obtained from 1004 schoolchildren aged 7-17. The clinical examination included the status of dental plaque, gingival bleeding and caries experience; defs/DMFS. The questionnaire was introduced to the children/parents, in order to measure socioeconomic and behavioural variables. The Fisher Exact test and chi-squared test were used to assess statistical significance of the distribution of the variables among groups. Bivariate and general estimating equations (GEE) analyses were applied to estimate the relative effect of the independent variables on the outcomes defined as median defs and median DMFS. Results: The median defs and median DMFS varied among age groups. In the primary dentition, the bivariate analyses showed association between median defs and gender, plaque, toothache, self-satisfaction with the appearance of teeth, and intake of milk with sugar were associated (p <0.05). The multivariate analyses revealed that the median defs was lower in girls (OR = 0.9) and children with evidence of no plaque (OR = 0.7)/thin plaque (OR = 0.8), (p ≤ 0.002). In the permanent dentition, the bivariate analyses showed association between median DMFS and plaque, gingival bleeding, healthy dentition, use of toothpicks/dental floss, intake of biscuits etc, soft drinks and jam/ honey, and education of the child's mother (p ≤ 0.02). Only gingival bleeding after probing (OR = 1.2) and higher education level of the mothers (OR = 0.9) were associated with the median DMFS in the multivariate analyses (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Clinical, socioeconomic and behavioural determinants were identified to influence caries in primary and permanent dentition in schoolchildren in Moscow. The findings might provide a reliable basis for improvements and education programmes in oral health promotion for children and adolescents.

AB - Purpose: Sparse data is available concerning the distribution of decayed, extracted, filled/decayed, missing, filled tooth surfaces (defs/DMFS) and the impact of influencing risk factors in Moscow. We thus aimed to measure caries experience and to estimate its associations with relevant risk factors in schoolchildren. Materials and Methods: Data was obtained from 1004 schoolchildren aged 7-17. The clinical examination included the status of dental plaque, gingival bleeding and caries experience; defs/DMFS. The questionnaire was introduced to the children/parents, in order to measure socioeconomic and behavioural variables. The Fisher Exact test and chi-squared test were used to assess statistical significance of the distribution of the variables among groups. Bivariate and general estimating equations (GEE) analyses were applied to estimate the relative effect of the independent variables on the outcomes defined as median defs and median DMFS. Results: The median defs and median DMFS varied among age groups. In the primary dentition, the bivariate analyses showed association between median defs and gender, plaque, toothache, self-satisfaction with the appearance of teeth, and intake of milk with sugar were associated (p <0.05). The multivariate analyses revealed that the median defs was lower in girls (OR = 0.9) and children with evidence of no plaque (OR = 0.7)/thin plaque (OR = 0.8), (p ≤ 0.002). In the permanent dentition, the bivariate analyses showed association between median DMFS and plaque, gingival bleeding, healthy dentition, use of toothpicks/dental floss, intake of biscuits etc, soft drinks and jam/ honey, and education of the child's mother (p ≤ 0.02). Only gingival bleeding after probing (OR = 1.2) and higher education level of the mothers (OR = 0.9) were associated with the median DMFS in the multivariate analyses (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Clinical, socioeconomic and behavioural determinants were identified to influence caries in primary and permanent dentition in schoolchildren in Moscow. The findings might provide a reliable basis for improvements and education programmes in oral health promotion for children and adolescents.

KW - Caries

KW - Clinical research

KW - Epidemiology

KW - Oral health

KW - Paediatric dentistry

U2 - 10.3290/j.ohpd.a43358

DO - 10.3290/j.ohpd.a43358

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 32618446

AN - SCOPUS:85084559213

VL - 18

SP - 221

EP - 227

JO - Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry

JF - Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry

SN - 1602-1622

IS - 2

ER -

ID: 242363781