Coxiella burnetii (Q-Fever) Seroprevalence in Prey and Predators in the United Kingdom: Evaluation of Infection in Wild Rodents, Foxes and Domestic Cats Using a Modified ELISA

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Coxiella burnetii (Q-Fever) Seroprevalence in Prey and Predators in the United Kingdom : Evaluation of Infection in Wild Rodents, Foxes and Domestic Cats Using a Modified ELISA. / Meredith, A L; Cleaveland, S C; Denwood, M J; Brown, J K; Shaw, D J.

I: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, 31.01.2014.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Meredith, AL, Cleaveland, SC, Denwood, MJ, Brown, JK & Shaw, DJ 2014, 'Coxiella burnetii (Q-Fever) Seroprevalence in Prey and Predators in the United Kingdom: Evaluation of Infection in Wild Rodents, Foxes and Domestic Cats Using a Modified ELISA', Transboundary and Emerging Diseases. https://doi.org/10.1111/tbed.12211

APA

Meredith, A. L., Cleaveland, S. C., Denwood, M. J., Brown, J. K., & Shaw, D. J. (2014). Coxiella burnetii (Q-Fever) Seroprevalence in Prey and Predators in the United Kingdom: Evaluation of Infection in Wild Rodents, Foxes and Domestic Cats Using a Modified ELISA. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases. https://doi.org/10.1111/tbed.12211

Vancouver

Meredith AL, Cleaveland SC, Denwood MJ, Brown JK, Shaw DJ. Coxiella burnetii (Q-Fever) Seroprevalence in Prey and Predators in the United Kingdom: Evaluation of Infection in Wild Rodents, Foxes and Domestic Cats Using a Modified ELISA. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases. 2014 jan 31. https://doi.org/10.1111/tbed.12211

Author

Meredith, A L ; Cleaveland, S C ; Denwood, M J ; Brown, J K ; Shaw, D J. / Coxiella burnetii (Q-Fever) Seroprevalence in Prey and Predators in the United Kingdom : Evaluation of Infection in Wild Rodents, Foxes and Domestic Cats Using a Modified ELISA. I: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases. 2014.

Bibtex

@article{2ff4b87344d64b238caf2d382d1b12de,
title = "Coxiella burnetii (Q-Fever) Seroprevalence in Prey and Predators in the United Kingdom: Evaluation of Infection in Wild Rodents, Foxes and Domestic Cats Using a Modified ELISA",
abstract = "Coxiella burnetii, the agent of Q-fever, is recognized as a worldwide zoonosis with a wide host range and potentially complex reservoir systems. Infected ruminants are the main source of infection for humans, but cats and other mammals, including wild rodents, also represent potential sources of infection. There has been a recent upsurge of reported cases in humans, domestic ruminants and wildlife in many parts of the world, and studies have indicated that wild brown rats may act as true reservoirs for C. burnetii and be implicated in outbreaks in livestock and humans. However, investigation of reservoir systems is limited by lack of validated serological tests for wildlife or other non-target species. In this study, serum samples from 796 wild rodents (180 bank voles, 309 field voles, 307 wood mice) 102 wild foxes and 26 domestic cats from three study areas in the UK were tested for the presence of antibodies to C. burnetii using a commercial indirect ELISA kit modified for use in multiple wildlife species. Test thresholds were determined for each species in the absence of species-specific reference sera using a bi-modal latent class mixture model to discriminate between positive from negative results. Based on the thresholds determined, seroprevalence in the wild rodents ranged from 15.6{\%} to 19.1{\%} depending on species (overall 17.3{\%}) and was significantly higher in both foxes (41.2{\%}) and cats (61.5{\%}) than in rodents. This is the first report to quantify seroprevalence to C. burnetii in bank voles, field voles, wood mice, foxes and cats in the UK and provides evidence that predator species could act as indicators for the presence of C. burnetii in rodents. The study demonstrates that wildlife species could be significant reservoirs of infection for both livestock and humans, and the high seroprevalence in domestic cats highlights the potential zoonotic risk from this species.",
author = "Meredith, {A L} and Cleaveland, {S C} and Denwood, {M J} and Brown, {J K} and Shaw, {D J}",
note = "{\circledC} 2014 Blackwell Verlag GmbH.",
year = "2014",
month = "1",
day = "31",
doi = "10.1111/tbed.12211",
language = "English",
journal = "Transboundary and Emerging Diseases",
issn = "1865-1674",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Coxiella burnetii (Q-Fever) Seroprevalence in Prey and Predators in the United Kingdom

T2 - Evaluation of Infection in Wild Rodents, Foxes and Domestic Cats Using a Modified ELISA

AU - Meredith, A L

AU - Cleaveland, S C

AU - Denwood, M J

AU - Brown, J K

AU - Shaw, D J

N1 - © 2014 Blackwell Verlag GmbH.

PY - 2014/1/31

Y1 - 2014/1/31

N2 - Coxiella burnetii, the agent of Q-fever, is recognized as a worldwide zoonosis with a wide host range and potentially complex reservoir systems. Infected ruminants are the main source of infection for humans, but cats and other mammals, including wild rodents, also represent potential sources of infection. There has been a recent upsurge of reported cases in humans, domestic ruminants and wildlife in many parts of the world, and studies have indicated that wild brown rats may act as true reservoirs for C. burnetii and be implicated in outbreaks in livestock and humans. However, investigation of reservoir systems is limited by lack of validated serological tests for wildlife or other non-target species. In this study, serum samples from 796 wild rodents (180 bank voles, 309 field voles, 307 wood mice) 102 wild foxes and 26 domestic cats from three study areas in the UK were tested for the presence of antibodies to C. burnetii using a commercial indirect ELISA kit modified for use in multiple wildlife species. Test thresholds were determined for each species in the absence of species-specific reference sera using a bi-modal latent class mixture model to discriminate between positive from negative results. Based on the thresholds determined, seroprevalence in the wild rodents ranged from 15.6% to 19.1% depending on species (overall 17.3%) and was significantly higher in both foxes (41.2%) and cats (61.5%) than in rodents. This is the first report to quantify seroprevalence to C. burnetii in bank voles, field voles, wood mice, foxes and cats in the UK and provides evidence that predator species could act as indicators for the presence of C. burnetii in rodents. The study demonstrates that wildlife species could be significant reservoirs of infection for both livestock and humans, and the high seroprevalence in domestic cats highlights the potential zoonotic risk from this species.

AB - Coxiella burnetii, the agent of Q-fever, is recognized as a worldwide zoonosis with a wide host range and potentially complex reservoir systems. Infected ruminants are the main source of infection for humans, but cats and other mammals, including wild rodents, also represent potential sources of infection. There has been a recent upsurge of reported cases in humans, domestic ruminants and wildlife in many parts of the world, and studies have indicated that wild brown rats may act as true reservoirs for C. burnetii and be implicated in outbreaks in livestock and humans. However, investigation of reservoir systems is limited by lack of validated serological tests for wildlife or other non-target species. In this study, serum samples from 796 wild rodents (180 bank voles, 309 field voles, 307 wood mice) 102 wild foxes and 26 domestic cats from three study areas in the UK were tested for the presence of antibodies to C. burnetii using a commercial indirect ELISA kit modified for use in multiple wildlife species. Test thresholds were determined for each species in the absence of species-specific reference sera using a bi-modal latent class mixture model to discriminate between positive from negative results. Based on the thresholds determined, seroprevalence in the wild rodents ranged from 15.6% to 19.1% depending on species (overall 17.3%) and was significantly higher in both foxes (41.2%) and cats (61.5%) than in rodents. This is the first report to quantify seroprevalence to C. burnetii in bank voles, field voles, wood mice, foxes and cats in the UK and provides evidence that predator species could act as indicators for the presence of C. burnetii in rodents. The study demonstrates that wildlife species could be significant reservoirs of infection for both livestock and humans, and the high seroprevalence in domestic cats highlights the potential zoonotic risk from this species.

U2 - 10.1111/tbed.12211

DO - 10.1111/tbed.12211

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 24479951

JO - Transboundary and Emerging Diseases

JF - Transboundary and Emerging Diseases

SN - 1865-1674

ER -

ID: 119823178