Changes in perceived social support and PTSD symptomatology among Danish army military personnel

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Standard

Changes in perceived social support and PTSD symptomatology among Danish army military personnel. / Pollmann, Jeanette Bonde; Nielsen, Anni B S; Andersen, Søren Bo; Karstoft, Karen-Inge.

I: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 2021.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Pollmann, JB, Nielsen, ABS, Andersen, SB & Karstoft, K-I 2021, 'Changes in perceived social support and PTSD symptomatology among Danish army military personnel', Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-021-02150-5

APA

Pollmann, J. B., Nielsen, A. B. S., Andersen, S. B., & Karstoft, K-I. (2021). Changes in perceived social support and PTSD symptomatology among Danish army military personnel. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-021-02150-5

Vancouver

Pollmann JB, Nielsen ABS, Andersen SB, Karstoft K-I. Changes in perceived social support and PTSD symptomatology among Danish army military personnel. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology. 2021. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-021-02150-5

Author

Pollmann, Jeanette Bonde ; Nielsen, Anni B S ; Andersen, Søren Bo ; Karstoft, Karen-Inge. / Changes in perceived social support and PTSD symptomatology among Danish army military personnel. I: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology. 2021.

Bibtex

@article{c1cd1050f5184a078ed152a58ca96a94,
title = "Changes in perceived social support and PTSD symptomatology among Danish army military personnel",
abstract = "PURPOSE: Previous research has identified social support to be associated with risk of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms among military personnel. While the lack of social support influences PTSD symptomatology, it is unknown how changes in perceived social support affect the PTSD symptom level in the aftermath of deployment. Furthermore, the influence of specific sources of social support from pre- to post-deployment on level of PTSD symptoms is unknown. We aim to examine how changes in perceived social support (overall and from specific sources) from pre- to 2.5 year post-deployment are associated with the level of post-deployment PTSD symptoms.METHODS: Danish army military personnel deployed to Afghanistan in 2009 and 2013 completed questionnaires at pre-deployment and at 2.5 year post-deployment measuring perceived social support and PTSD symptomatology and sample characteristics of the two cohorts. Data were analyzed using univariate and multivariate nominal logistic regression.RESULTS: Negative changes in perceived social support from pre- to post-deployment were associated with both moderate (OR 1.99, CI 1.51-2.57) and high levels (OR 2.71, CI 1.94-3.78) of PTSD symptoms 2.5 year post-deployment (adjusted analysis). Broadly, the same direction was found for specific sources of social support and level of PTSD symptoms. In the adjusted analyses, pre-deployment perceived social support and military rank moderated the associations.CONCLUSIONS: Deterioration in perceived social support (overall and specific sources) from pre- to 2.5 year post-deployment increases the risk of an elevated level of PTSD symptoms 2.5 year post-deployment.",
author = "Pollmann, {Jeanette Bonde} and Nielsen, {Anni B S} and Andersen, {S{\o}ren Bo} and Karen-Inge Karstoft",
note = "{\textcopyright} 2021. The Author(s).",
year = "2021",
doi = "10.1007/s00127-021-02150-5",
language = "English",
journal = "Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology",
issn = "0933-7954",
publisher = "Springer Medizin",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Changes in perceived social support and PTSD symptomatology among Danish army military personnel

AU - Pollmann, Jeanette Bonde

AU - Nielsen, Anni B S

AU - Andersen, Søren Bo

AU - Karstoft, Karen-Inge

N1 - © 2021. The Author(s).

PY - 2021

Y1 - 2021

N2 - PURPOSE: Previous research has identified social support to be associated with risk of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms among military personnel. While the lack of social support influences PTSD symptomatology, it is unknown how changes in perceived social support affect the PTSD symptom level in the aftermath of deployment. Furthermore, the influence of specific sources of social support from pre- to post-deployment on level of PTSD symptoms is unknown. We aim to examine how changes in perceived social support (overall and from specific sources) from pre- to 2.5 year post-deployment are associated with the level of post-deployment PTSD symptoms.METHODS: Danish army military personnel deployed to Afghanistan in 2009 and 2013 completed questionnaires at pre-deployment and at 2.5 year post-deployment measuring perceived social support and PTSD symptomatology and sample characteristics of the two cohorts. Data were analyzed using univariate and multivariate nominal logistic regression.RESULTS: Negative changes in perceived social support from pre- to post-deployment were associated with both moderate (OR 1.99, CI 1.51-2.57) and high levels (OR 2.71, CI 1.94-3.78) of PTSD symptoms 2.5 year post-deployment (adjusted analysis). Broadly, the same direction was found for specific sources of social support and level of PTSD symptoms. In the adjusted analyses, pre-deployment perceived social support and military rank moderated the associations.CONCLUSIONS: Deterioration in perceived social support (overall and specific sources) from pre- to 2.5 year post-deployment increases the risk of an elevated level of PTSD symptoms 2.5 year post-deployment.

AB - PURPOSE: Previous research has identified social support to be associated with risk of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms among military personnel. While the lack of social support influences PTSD symptomatology, it is unknown how changes in perceived social support affect the PTSD symptom level in the aftermath of deployment. Furthermore, the influence of specific sources of social support from pre- to post-deployment on level of PTSD symptoms is unknown. We aim to examine how changes in perceived social support (overall and from specific sources) from pre- to 2.5 year post-deployment are associated with the level of post-deployment PTSD symptoms.METHODS: Danish army military personnel deployed to Afghanistan in 2009 and 2013 completed questionnaires at pre-deployment and at 2.5 year post-deployment measuring perceived social support and PTSD symptomatology and sample characteristics of the two cohorts. Data were analyzed using univariate and multivariate nominal logistic regression.RESULTS: Negative changes in perceived social support from pre- to post-deployment were associated with both moderate (OR 1.99, CI 1.51-2.57) and high levels (OR 2.71, CI 1.94-3.78) of PTSD symptoms 2.5 year post-deployment (adjusted analysis). Broadly, the same direction was found for specific sources of social support and level of PTSD symptoms. In the adjusted analyses, pre-deployment perceived social support and military rank moderated the associations.CONCLUSIONS: Deterioration in perceived social support (overall and specific sources) from pre- to 2.5 year post-deployment increases the risk of an elevated level of PTSD symptoms 2.5 year post-deployment.

U2 - 10.1007/s00127-021-02150-5

DO - 10.1007/s00127-021-02150-5

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 34386868

JO - Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology

JF - Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology

SN - 0933-7954

ER -

ID: 276330043