Cerebral influx of Na+ and Cl- as the osmotherapy-mediated rebound response in rats

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Standard

Cerebral influx of Na+ and Cl- as the osmotherapy-mediated rebound response in rats. / Oernbo, Eva Kjer; Lykke, Kasper; Steffensen, Annette Buur; Töllner, Kathrin; Kruuse, Christina; Rath, Martin Fredensborg; Löscher, Wolfgang; MacAulay, Nanna.

I: Fluids and Barriers of the CNS, Bind 15, 27, 2018.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Oernbo, EK, Lykke, K, Steffensen, AB, Töllner, K, Kruuse, C, Rath, MF, Löscher, W & MacAulay, N 2018, 'Cerebral influx of Na+ and Cl- as the osmotherapy-mediated rebound response in rats', Fluids and Barriers of the CNS, bind 15, 27. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12987-018-0111-8

APA

Oernbo, E. K., Lykke, K., Steffensen, A. B., Töllner, K., Kruuse, C., Rath, M. F., ... MacAulay, N. (2018). Cerebral influx of Na+ and Cl- as the osmotherapy-mediated rebound response in rats. Fluids and Barriers of the CNS, 15, [27]. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12987-018-0111-8

Vancouver

Oernbo EK, Lykke K, Steffensen AB, Töllner K, Kruuse C, Rath MF o.a. Cerebral influx of Na+ and Cl- as the osmotherapy-mediated rebound response in rats. Fluids and Barriers of the CNS. 2018;15. 27. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12987-018-0111-8

Author

Oernbo, Eva Kjer ; Lykke, Kasper ; Steffensen, Annette Buur ; Töllner, Kathrin ; Kruuse, Christina ; Rath, Martin Fredensborg ; Löscher, Wolfgang ; MacAulay, Nanna. / Cerebral influx of Na+ and Cl- as the osmotherapy-mediated rebound response in rats. I: Fluids and Barriers of the CNS. 2018 ; Bind 15.

Bibtex

@article{7e741773a2ae4fc48d6068a9f2cf2dca,
title = "Cerebral influx of Na+ and Cl- as the osmotherapy-mediated rebound response in rats",
abstract = "Background: Cerebral edema can cause life-threatening increase in intracranial pressure. Besides surgical craniectomy performed in severe cases, osmotherapy may be employed to lower the intracranial pressure by osmotic extraction of cerebral fluid upon intravenous infusion of mannitol or NaCl. A so-called rebound effect can, however, hinder continuous reduction in cerebral fluid by yet unresolved mechanisms. Methods: We determined the brain water and electrolyte content in healthy rats treated with osmotherapy. Osmotherapy (elevated plasma osmolarity) was mediated by intraperitoneal injection of NaCl or mannitol with inclusion of pharmacological inhibitors of selected ion-transporters present at the capillary lumen or choroidal membranes. Brain barrier integrity was determined by fluorescence detection following intravenous delivery of Na+-fluorescein. Results: NaCl was slightly more efficient than mannitol as an osmotic agent. The brain water loss was only ∼ 60{\%} of that predicted from ideal osmotic behavior, which could be accounted for by cerebral Na+ and Cl- accumulation. This electrolyte accumulation represented the majority of the rebound response, which was unaffected by the employed pharmacological agents. The brain barriers remained intact during the elevated plasma osmolarity. Conclusions: A brain volume regulatory response occurs during osmotherapy, leading to the rebound response. This response involves brain accumulation of Na+ and Cl- and takes place by unresolved molecular mechanisms that do not include the common ion-transporting mechanisms located in the capillary endothelium at the blood-brain barrier and in the choroid plexus epithelium at the blood-CSF barrier. Future identification of these ion-transporting routes could provide a pharmacological target to prevent the rebound effect associated with the widely used osmotherapy.",
keywords = "Brain barriers, Brain edema, Ion-transporting mechanisms, Osmotherapy, Rebound effect",
author = "Oernbo, {Eva Kjer} and Kasper Lykke and Steffensen, {Annette Buur} and Kathrin T{\"o}llner and Christina Kruuse and Rath, {Martin Fredensborg} and Wolfgang L{\"o}scher and Nanna MacAulay",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1186/s12987-018-0111-8",
language = "English",
volume = "15",
journal = "Fluids and Barriers of the CNS",
issn = "2045-8118",
publisher = "BioMed Central Ltd.",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cerebral influx of Na+ and Cl- as the osmotherapy-mediated rebound response in rats

AU - Oernbo, Eva Kjer

AU - Lykke, Kasper

AU - Steffensen, Annette Buur

AU - Töllner, Kathrin

AU - Kruuse, Christina

AU - Rath, Martin Fredensborg

AU - Löscher, Wolfgang

AU - MacAulay, Nanna

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Background: Cerebral edema can cause life-threatening increase in intracranial pressure. Besides surgical craniectomy performed in severe cases, osmotherapy may be employed to lower the intracranial pressure by osmotic extraction of cerebral fluid upon intravenous infusion of mannitol or NaCl. A so-called rebound effect can, however, hinder continuous reduction in cerebral fluid by yet unresolved mechanisms. Methods: We determined the brain water and electrolyte content in healthy rats treated with osmotherapy. Osmotherapy (elevated plasma osmolarity) was mediated by intraperitoneal injection of NaCl or mannitol with inclusion of pharmacological inhibitors of selected ion-transporters present at the capillary lumen or choroidal membranes. Brain barrier integrity was determined by fluorescence detection following intravenous delivery of Na+-fluorescein. Results: NaCl was slightly more efficient than mannitol as an osmotic agent. The brain water loss was only ∼ 60% of that predicted from ideal osmotic behavior, which could be accounted for by cerebral Na+ and Cl- accumulation. This electrolyte accumulation represented the majority of the rebound response, which was unaffected by the employed pharmacological agents. The brain barriers remained intact during the elevated plasma osmolarity. Conclusions: A brain volume regulatory response occurs during osmotherapy, leading to the rebound response. This response involves brain accumulation of Na+ and Cl- and takes place by unresolved molecular mechanisms that do not include the common ion-transporting mechanisms located in the capillary endothelium at the blood-brain barrier and in the choroid plexus epithelium at the blood-CSF barrier. Future identification of these ion-transporting routes could provide a pharmacological target to prevent the rebound effect associated with the widely used osmotherapy.

AB - Background: Cerebral edema can cause life-threatening increase in intracranial pressure. Besides surgical craniectomy performed in severe cases, osmotherapy may be employed to lower the intracranial pressure by osmotic extraction of cerebral fluid upon intravenous infusion of mannitol or NaCl. A so-called rebound effect can, however, hinder continuous reduction in cerebral fluid by yet unresolved mechanisms. Methods: We determined the brain water and electrolyte content in healthy rats treated with osmotherapy. Osmotherapy (elevated plasma osmolarity) was mediated by intraperitoneal injection of NaCl or mannitol with inclusion of pharmacological inhibitors of selected ion-transporters present at the capillary lumen or choroidal membranes. Brain barrier integrity was determined by fluorescence detection following intravenous delivery of Na+-fluorescein. Results: NaCl was slightly more efficient than mannitol as an osmotic agent. The brain water loss was only ∼ 60% of that predicted from ideal osmotic behavior, which could be accounted for by cerebral Na+ and Cl- accumulation. This electrolyte accumulation represented the majority of the rebound response, which was unaffected by the employed pharmacological agents. The brain barriers remained intact during the elevated plasma osmolarity. Conclusions: A brain volume regulatory response occurs during osmotherapy, leading to the rebound response. This response involves brain accumulation of Na+ and Cl- and takes place by unresolved molecular mechanisms that do not include the common ion-transporting mechanisms located in the capillary endothelium at the blood-brain barrier and in the choroid plexus epithelium at the blood-CSF barrier. Future identification of these ion-transporting routes could provide a pharmacological target to prevent the rebound effect associated with the widely used osmotherapy.

KW - Brain barriers

KW - Brain edema

KW - Ion-transporting mechanisms

KW - Osmotherapy

KW - Rebound effect

U2 - 10.1186/s12987-018-0111-8

DO - 10.1186/s12987-018-0111-8

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 30249273

AN - SCOPUS:85053834884

VL - 15

JO - Fluids and Barriers of the CNS

JF - Fluids and Barriers of the CNS

SN - 2045-8118

M1 - 27

ER -

ID: 203672085