Breech delivery at a University Hospital in Tanzania

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Breech delivery at a University Hospital in Tanzania. / Högberg, Ulf; Claeson, Catrin; Krebs, Lone; Svanberg, Agneta Skoog; Kidanto, Hussein.

I: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, Bind 16, 342, 2016.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Högberg, U, Claeson, C, Krebs, L, Svanberg, AS & Kidanto, H 2016, 'Breech delivery at a University Hospital in Tanzania', BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, bind 16, 342. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12884-016-1136-0

APA

Högberg, U., Claeson, C., Krebs, L., Svanberg, A. S., & Kidanto, H. (2016). Breech delivery at a University Hospital in Tanzania. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 16, [342]. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12884-016-1136-0

Vancouver

Högberg U, Claeson C, Krebs L, Svanberg AS, Kidanto H. Breech delivery at a University Hospital in Tanzania. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth. 2016;16. 342. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12884-016-1136-0

Author

Högberg, Ulf ; Claeson, Catrin ; Krebs, Lone ; Svanberg, Agneta Skoog ; Kidanto, Hussein. / Breech delivery at a University Hospital in Tanzania. I: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth. 2016 ; Bind 16.

Bibtex

@article{980afeafb5af4eab96acc505f847c888,
title = "Breech delivery at a University Hospital in Tanzania",
abstract = "Background: There is a global increase in rates of Cesarean delivery (CD). A minor factor in this increase is a shift towards CD for breech presentation. The aim of this study was to analyze breech births by mode of delivery and investigate short-term fetal and maternal outcomes in a low-income setting. Methods: The study design was cross-sectional and the setting was Muhimbili National Hospital (MNH), Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania. Subjects were drawn from a clinical database (1999-2010) using the following inclusion criteria: breech presentation, birth weight ≥ 2,500 g, single pregnancy, fetal heart sound at admission, and absence of pregnancy-related complication as indication for CD. Of 2,765 mothers who had a breech delivery, 1,655 met the inclusion criteria. Analyses were stratified by mode of delivery, taking into account also other birth characteristics. The outcome measures were perinatal death (stillbirths + in-hospital neonatal deaths) and moderate asphyxia. Maternal outcomes, such as death, hemorrhage, and length of hospital stay, were also described. Results: The CD rate for breech presentation increased from 28 {\%} in 1999 to 78 {\%} in 2010. Perinatal deaths were associated with vaginal delivery (VD) (adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 6.2; 95 {\%} confidence interval (CI) 3.0-12.6) and referral (aOR 2.1; 95 {\%} CI 1.1-3.9), but not with parity, birth weight, or delivery year. Overall perinatal mortality was 5.8 {\%} and this did not decline, due to an increase in stillbirths among vaginal breech deliveries. Mothers with CD had more hemorrhage compared to those with VD. One mother died in association with CD, and one died in association with VD. Conclusion: A breech VD, compared to a breech CD, in this setting was associated with adverse perinatal outcome. However, despite a significant increase in CD rate, no overall improvement was observed due to an increase in stillbirths among VDs.",
keywords = "Asphyxia neonatorum, Breech presentation, Caesarean section, Developing countries, Hemorrhage, Perinatal mortality",
author = "Ulf H{\"o}gberg and Catrin Claeson and Lone Krebs and Svanberg, {Agneta Skoog} and Hussein Kidanto",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1186/s12884-016-1136-0",
language = "English",
volume = "16",
journal = "B M C Pregnancy and Childbirth",
issn = "1471-2393",
publisher = "BioMed Central Ltd.",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Breech delivery at a University Hospital in Tanzania

AU - Högberg, Ulf

AU - Claeson, Catrin

AU - Krebs, Lone

AU - Svanberg, Agneta Skoog

AU - Kidanto, Hussein

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - Background: There is a global increase in rates of Cesarean delivery (CD). A minor factor in this increase is a shift towards CD for breech presentation. The aim of this study was to analyze breech births by mode of delivery and investigate short-term fetal and maternal outcomes in a low-income setting. Methods: The study design was cross-sectional and the setting was Muhimbili National Hospital (MNH), Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania. Subjects were drawn from a clinical database (1999-2010) using the following inclusion criteria: breech presentation, birth weight ≥ 2,500 g, single pregnancy, fetal heart sound at admission, and absence of pregnancy-related complication as indication for CD. Of 2,765 mothers who had a breech delivery, 1,655 met the inclusion criteria. Analyses were stratified by mode of delivery, taking into account also other birth characteristics. The outcome measures were perinatal death (stillbirths + in-hospital neonatal deaths) and moderate asphyxia. Maternal outcomes, such as death, hemorrhage, and length of hospital stay, were also described. Results: The CD rate for breech presentation increased from 28 % in 1999 to 78 % in 2010. Perinatal deaths were associated with vaginal delivery (VD) (adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 6.2; 95 % confidence interval (CI) 3.0-12.6) and referral (aOR 2.1; 95 % CI 1.1-3.9), but not with parity, birth weight, or delivery year. Overall perinatal mortality was 5.8 % and this did not decline, due to an increase in stillbirths among vaginal breech deliveries. Mothers with CD had more hemorrhage compared to those with VD. One mother died in association with CD, and one died in association with VD. Conclusion: A breech VD, compared to a breech CD, in this setting was associated with adverse perinatal outcome. However, despite a significant increase in CD rate, no overall improvement was observed due to an increase in stillbirths among VDs.

AB - Background: There is a global increase in rates of Cesarean delivery (CD). A minor factor in this increase is a shift towards CD for breech presentation. The aim of this study was to analyze breech births by mode of delivery and investigate short-term fetal and maternal outcomes in a low-income setting. Methods: The study design was cross-sectional and the setting was Muhimbili National Hospital (MNH), Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania. Subjects were drawn from a clinical database (1999-2010) using the following inclusion criteria: breech presentation, birth weight ≥ 2,500 g, single pregnancy, fetal heart sound at admission, and absence of pregnancy-related complication as indication for CD. Of 2,765 mothers who had a breech delivery, 1,655 met the inclusion criteria. Analyses were stratified by mode of delivery, taking into account also other birth characteristics. The outcome measures were perinatal death (stillbirths + in-hospital neonatal deaths) and moderate asphyxia. Maternal outcomes, such as death, hemorrhage, and length of hospital stay, were also described. Results: The CD rate for breech presentation increased from 28 % in 1999 to 78 % in 2010. Perinatal deaths were associated with vaginal delivery (VD) (adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 6.2; 95 % confidence interval (CI) 3.0-12.6) and referral (aOR 2.1; 95 % CI 1.1-3.9), but not with parity, birth weight, or delivery year. Overall perinatal mortality was 5.8 % and this did not decline, due to an increase in stillbirths among vaginal breech deliveries. Mothers with CD had more hemorrhage compared to those with VD. One mother died in association with CD, and one died in association with VD. Conclusion: A breech VD, compared to a breech CD, in this setting was associated with adverse perinatal outcome. However, despite a significant increase in CD rate, no overall improvement was observed due to an increase in stillbirths among VDs.

KW - Asphyxia neonatorum

KW - Breech presentation

KW - Caesarean section

KW - Developing countries

KW - Hemorrhage

KW - Perinatal mortality

U2 - 10.1186/s12884-016-1136-0

DO - 10.1186/s12884-016-1136-0

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 27821084

AN - SCOPUS:84994472201

VL - 16

JO - B M C Pregnancy and Childbirth

JF - B M C Pregnancy and Childbirth

SN - 1471-2393

M1 - 342

ER -

ID: 178884586