Barriers and motivators for physical activity among overweight and obese people with type 2 diabetes: patients’ perspectives

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Aim
To explore barriers to and motivators for physical activity in a group of overweight and obese individuals with dysregulated Type 2 diabetes.
Methods
Data were collected from the Steno Diabetes Centre's outpatient clinic in Denmark. Four focus groups were conducted including 28 individuals with Type 2 diabetes aged 39–71 years. The facilitators used open-ended questions and probes such as images, statements and quotations about physical activity to foster active participation and interaction among participants. Focus groups were recorded on video and the discussions were transcribed and analysed thematically.
Results
We identified four main themes: 1) the body as a barrier to physical activity because of functional limitations; 2) logistical challenges, including lack of time and awareness of where to exercise in the local area; 3) being physically active with others, providing a sense of mutual commitment and enjoyment; and 4) goal-setting and self-tracking, which was seen as an opportunity to track physical improvement over time.
Conclusions
The findings suggest that, once people are active, a high level of social interaction may help maintain their activity levels. Further research is needed to investigate the effect of combining individually tailored exercise plans with the establishment of customized and locally based exercise communities that offer enjoyment and support. Additionally, it would be relevant to explore experiences of using self-tracking technologies to review short- and long-term goals.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftDiabetic Medicine
Vol/bind33
Udgave nummer12
Sider (fra-til)1677-1685
ISSN0742-3071
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2016

ID: 160795855