Association of neurocognitive function with psychiatric hospitalization and socio-demographic conditions in individuals with bipolar and major depressive disorders

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt


  • Fulltext

    Forlagets udgivne version, 294 KB, PDF-dokument

Background: Neurocognitive impairments are associated with poor clinical and employment outcomes in individuals with affective disorders. However, little is known about their associations with long-term clinical outcomes such as psychiatric hospitalizations, and with socio-demographic indicators other than employment. In the largest longitudinal study of neurocognition in affective disorders to date, we investigate the role of neurocognitive impairments on psychiatric hospitalizations and socio-demographic conditions. Methods: The study included 518 individuals with bipolar or major depressive disorder. Neurocognitive assessments covered executive function and verbal memory domains. Longitudinal data on psychiatric hospitalization and socio-demographic conditions (employment, cohabitation, and marital status) for up to 11 years were obtained using National population-based registers. The primary and secondary outcomes were psychiatric hospitalizations (n = 398) and worsening of socio-demographic conditions (n = 518), in the follow-up period since study inclusion, respectively. Cox regression models were used to examine the association of neurocognition with future psychiatric hospitalizations and the worsening of socio-demographic conditions. Findings: Clinically significant impairment in verbal memory (z-score ≤ −1; defined by the ISBD Cognition Task Force), but not in executive function, was associated with a higher risk of future hospitalization, when adjusted for age, sex, hospitalization in the year preceding inclusion, depression severity, diagnosis, and type of clinical trial (HR = 1.84, 95% CI:1.05–3.25, p = 0.034; n = 398). The results remained significant even after accounting for illness duration. Neurocognitive impairments were not associated with the worsening of socio-demographic conditions (p ≥ 0.17; n = 518). Interpretation: Promoting neurocognitive function, especially verbal memory, may mitigate the risk of future psychiatric hospitalization in individuals with affective disorders. Funding: Lundbeckfonden (R279-2018-1145).

StatusUdgivet - 2023

Bibliografisk note

Funding Information:
This study was supported by Lundbeckfonden (grant: R279-2018-1145 ). Lundbeckfonden had no role in the study design, data collection, data analysis, data interpretation, the writing of the manuscript, or the decision to submit the manuscript for publication.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Authors

Antal downloads er baseret på statistik fra Google Scholar og

Ingen data tilgængelig

ID: 344447331