Niels Bohr Bygningen, Rådmandsgade 64, 2200 København N, Niels Bohr Bygningen
History and Philosophy of Science and Science Studies
As a historian and philosopher of science employed at a Faculty of Science I am engaged in making history, philosophy and sociology of science relevant to scientists and science managers as well as for science policy and science education.
I was elected member of the European Academy of Sciences in 2018 and corresponding member of l'Academie Internationale de Philosophie des Sciences in 2019.
Leadership and research management
As head of the Department of Science Education, I form part of the management at University of Copenhagen, and I aim at using insights from the study of science to inform and improve higher education management and research policy. I am particularly interested in international comparisons of university governance and research policy, in the use and misuse of bibliometrics, in responsible conduct of research, and in the structure and development of 21st century science, including the importance of interdisciplinarity, innovation, and digitalization.
I am an active member of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), Philosophy of Science Association (PSA). European Philosophy of Science Association (EPSA) and Society for Philosophy of Science in Practice (SPSP). In serving these societies, I work for an increased interaction between history, philosophy and sociology of science and practicing scientists, science educators and science policy, as well as for increased collaboration internationally.
I have been PI of the research project "Philosophy of Contemporary Science in Practice" which was funded by the Danish Research Council for the Humanities as part of the program for Female Reseach Leaders; co-team leader (together with Team leader Marcel Weber) of Team B: The life sciences in the ESF research network "The Philosophy of Science in a European Persepctive" ; and PI (together with co-PIs Samuel Schindler and Peter Sandøe) of the Danish Research Network for Philosophy of Science (funded by the Danish Research Council for the Humanities from 2011 to 2015). You can join the network’s groups on Facebook.
I have also served as EiC of the journal Centaurus - the official journal of the European History of Science Society.
Finally, as a member of the Danish Committee on Research Misconduct and of the Panel of independent experts to facilitate replies to technical questions from the general public on a long-term solution for radioactive waste in Denmark, I work to make philosophical reflection on the practice and role of science relevant within the scientific community as well as to the public at large.
My research falls within political epistemology, philosophy of science in practice, and integrated history and philosophy of science. My primary research focus is on the structure and development of 20th and 21st century science, broadly construed. In examining science as it is practiced, I integrate historical and contemporary case studies with analytical tools drawn from general philosophy of science, social epistemology, and research ethics.
Currently, my work is especially focused on interdisciplinarity and expertise, research integrity, and academic institutions and scholarly careers.
History and philosophy of interdisciplinarity and expertise
Under this heading, I am examining collaborative and interdisciplinary practices of science, how these practices have developed and still are developing, how they affect our understanding of disciplines and of expertise, and which implications they have for science education, science policy and science management today and in the future. My publications include:
- Andersen, H. (2016): Collaboration, Interdisciplinarity and the Epistemology of Contemporary Science, Studies in History and Philosophy of Science A 56(1):1-12
- Andersen, H. & S. Wagenknecht (2012): Epistemic dependence in interdisciplinary research, in Synthese 190(11): 1881-1890
- Andersen, H. (2012): The Second Essential Tension: On Tradition and Innovation in Interdisciplinary Research, in Topoi 32(1): 3-8
- Andersen, H. (2011): Conceptual development in interdisciplinary research, in Feest & Steinle (eds): Scientific Concepts and Investigative Practices, Kluwer, pp. 271-292
History and philosophy of scientific malpractice: Negligence, ignorance and distrust
Misconduct and questionable research practices (QRP) are major concerns in contemporary science. Analyzing the epistemic implications of negligence and ignorance in science and the processes during which scientists may become aware of and cope with possible breaches to their trust, I aim at developing a new kind of training in responsible conduct of research (RCR) that provides scientists in their roles as collaborators, mentors, and peers with adequate tools to detect QRP and to intervene at an early stage. My publications include:
- Andersen, H. (2014): Epistemic dependence in contemporary science: Practices and malpractices, in L. Soler (ed.): Science after the practice turn, Routledge, pp. 161-173
- Andersen, H. (2014): Co-Author Responsibility, EMBO reports 15: 914-918
Academic institutions and scholarly careers
Communication patterns, stratification, incentive structures and reward are important factors in understanding what drives the development of contemporary science. I work at using insights from history, philosophy and sociology of science to inform bibliometrics and to create a nuanced understanding of career structures in science today. My publications include:
- Contributions to the SAGE Encyclopedia on Higher Education on "Tenure and promotion", "Publish or perish", "General education", and "Research ethics: Conduct and misconduct", to appear May 2020.
- Andersen, H. (2019): Can scientific knowledge be measured by numbers?, in McCain, K. & Kampourakis, K. (ed.): What is scientific knowledge? : An introduction to contemporary epistemology of science. Routledge, s. 144-159.
Recent and upcoming presentations of my research
- "History and Philosophy of Interdisciplinarity", LMU Münich, January 16, 2020.
- Why is it so hard to discover something radically new?, Making Scientific Discoveries, Germany, December 5 2019.
- Creativity and innovation in 21st century science, Creativity across the arts and sciences, Great Britain, April 16-17 2019.
- Epistemic responsibility in collaborative research, EURASC, Germany, October 2018.
- Hvem ved egentlig hvad? Om tillid og ansvar i forskningssamarbejder (Who actually knows what? On trust and responsibility in collaborative research), Vetenskapsrådet, Sweden, September 2018.
- The role of interdisciplinarity in 21st century universities, Brazil, August 2018.
- A new role for integrated history and philosophy of science, &HPS, Hannover, July 2018.
In teaching history and philosophy of science to science students, my aim is to improve their proficiency in identifying and solving the various kinds of epistemological and ethical problems that they may encounter in their future role as scientists.
I have taught philosophy of science to students in chemistry, biochemistry, medicinal chemistry nanoscience, physics, human biology, public health, medicine and dentistry.
I supervise projects and theses on the structure and development of 20th and 21st century science, on research integrity, and on the use of history and philosophy of science in science education.