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Habitual alcohol consumption associated with reduced semen quality and changes in reproductive hormones; a cross-sectional study among 1221 young Danish men

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Standard

Habitual alcohol consumption associated with reduced semen quality and changes in reproductive hormones; a cross-sectional study among 1221 young Danish men. / Jensen, Tina Kold; Gottschau, Mads; Madsen, Jens Otto Broby; Andersson, Anne-Maria; Lassen, Tina H; Skakkebæk, Niels E; Swan, Shanna H; Priskorn, Lærke; Juul, Anders; Jørgensen, Niels.

In: B M J Open, Vol. 4, No. 9, e005462, 2014, p. 1-11.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Jensen, TK, Gottschau, M, Madsen, JOB, Andersson, A-M, Lassen, TH, Skakkebæk, NE, Swan, SH, Priskorn, L, Juul, A & Jørgensen, N 2014, 'Habitual alcohol consumption associated with reduced semen quality and changes in reproductive hormones; a cross-sectional study among 1221 young Danish men' B M J Open, vol. 4, no. 9, e005462, pp. 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2014-005462

APA

Jensen, T. K., Gottschau, M., Madsen, J. O. B., Andersson, A-M., Lassen, T. H., Skakkebæk, N. E., ... Jørgensen, N. (2014). Habitual alcohol consumption associated with reduced semen quality and changes in reproductive hormones; a cross-sectional study among 1221 young Danish men. B M J Open, 4(9), 1-11. [e005462]. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2014-005462

Vancouver

Jensen TK, Gottschau M, Madsen JOB, Andersson A-M, Lassen TH, Skakkebæk NE et al. Habitual alcohol consumption associated with reduced semen quality and changes in reproductive hormones; a cross-sectional study among 1221 young Danish men. B M J Open. 2014;4(9):1-11. e005462. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2014-005462

Author

Jensen, Tina Kold ; Gottschau, Mads ; Madsen, Jens Otto Broby ; Andersson, Anne-Maria ; Lassen, Tina H ; Skakkebæk, Niels E ; Swan, Shanna H ; Priskorn, Lærke ; Juul, Anders ; Jørgensen, Niels. / Habitual alcohol consumption associated with reduced semen quality and changes in reproductive hormones; a cross-sectional study among 1221 young Danish men. In: B M J Open. 2014 ; Vol. 4, No. 9. pp. 1-11.

Bibtex

@article{ca45b9e254744e3aae08152d8016e324,
title = "Habitual alcohol consumption associated with reduced semen quality and changes in reproductive hormones; a cross-sectional study among 1221 young Danish men",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: Study associations between three measures of alcohol consumption (recent, typical/habitual, binging), semen quality and serum reproductive hormones.DESIGN: Cross-sectional population based study.SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: 1221 young Danish men, aged 18-28 years were recruited when they attended a compulsory medical examination to determine their fitness for military service from 2008 to 2012. Total alcohol consumption: (1) in the week preceding (habitual/typical) the visit (recent alcohol intake), (2) in a typical week and (3) frequency of 'binge drinking' (consuming more than 5 units/day)) in the past 30 days was estimated.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Semen quality (volume, sperm concentration, total sperm count, and percentages of motile and morphologically normal spermatozoa) and serum concentration of reproductive hormones (follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinising hormone, testosterone, sex hormone binding globulin, oestradiol, free testosterone and inhibin B).RESULTS: Sperm concentration, total sperm count and percentage of spermatozoa with normal morphology were negatively associated with increasing habitual alcohol intake. This association was observed in men reporting at least 5 units in a typical week but was most pronounced for men with a typical intake of more than 25 units/week. Men with a typical weekly intake above 40 units had a 33{\%} (95{\%} CI 11{\%} to 59{\%}) reduction in sperm concentration compared to men with an intake of 1-5 units/week. A significant increase in serum free testosterone with increasing alcohol consumption the week preceding the visit was found. Binging was not independently associated with semen quality.CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that even modest habitual alcohol consumption of more than 5 units per week had adverse effects on semen quality although most pronounced associations were seen in men who consumed more than 25 units per week. Alcohol consumption was also linked to changes in testosterone and SHBG levels. Young men should be advised to avoid habitual alcohol intake.",
author = "Jensen, {Tina Kold} and Mads Gottschau and Madsen, {Jens Otto Broby} and Anne-Maria Andersson and Lassen, {Tina H} and Skakkeb{\ae}k, {Niels E} and Swan, {Shanna H} and L{\ae}rke Priskorn and Anders Juul and Niels J{\o}rgensen",
note = "Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1136/bmjopen-2014-005462",
language = "English",
volume = "4",
pages = "1--11",
journal = "B M J Open",
issn = "2044-6055",
publisher = "BMJ Publishing Group",
number = "9",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Habitual alcohol consumption associated with reduced semen quality and changes in reproductive hormones; a cross-sectional study among 1221 young Danish men

AU - Jensen,Tina Kold

AU - Gottschau,Mads

AU - Madsen,Jens Otto Broby

AU - Andersson,Anne-Maria

AU - Lassen,Tina H

AU - Skakkebæk,Niels E

AU - Swan,Shanna H

AU - Priskorn,Lærke

AU - Juul,Anders

AU - Jørgensen,Niels

N1 - Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - OBJECTIVE: Study associations between three measures of alcohol consumption (recent, typical/habitual, binging), semen quality and serum reproductive hormones.DESIGN: Cross-sectional population based study.SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: 1221 young Danish men, aged 18-28 years were recruited when they attended a compulsory medical examination to determine their fitness for military service from 2008 to 2012. Total alcohol consumption: (1) in the week preceding (habitual/typical) the visit (recent alcohol intake), (2) in a typical week and (3) frequency of 'binge drinking' (consuming more than 5 units/day)) in the past 30 days was estimated.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Semen quality (volume, sperm concentration, total sperm count, and percentages of motile and morphologically normal spermatozoa) and serum concentration of reproductive hormones (follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinising hormone, testosterone, sex hormone binding globulin, oestradiol, free testosterone and inhibin B).RESULTS: Sperm concentration, total sperm count and percentage of spermatozoa with normal morphology were negatively associated with increasing habitual alcohol intake. This association was observed in men reporting at least 5 units in a typical week but was most pronounced for men with a typical intake of more than 25 units/week. Men with a typical weekly intake above 40 units had a 33% (95% CI 11% to 59%) reduction in sperm concentration compared to men with an intake of 1-5 units/week. A significant increase in serum free testosterone with increasing alcohol consumption the week preceding the visit was found. Binging was not independently associated with semen quality.CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that even modest habitual alcohol consumption of more than 5 units per week had adverse effects on semen quality although most pronounced associations were seen in men who consumed more than 25 units per week. Alcohol consumption was also linked to changes in testosterone and SHBG levels. Young men should be advised to avoid habitual alcohol intake.

AB - OBJECTIVE: Study associations between three measures of alcohol consumption (recent, typical/habitual, binging), semen quality and serum reproductive hormones.DESIGN: Cross-sectional population based study.SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: 1221 young Danish men, aged 18-28 years were recruited when they attended a compulsory medical examination to determine their fitness for military service from 2008 to 2012. Total alcohol consumption: (1) in the week preceding (habitual/typical) the visit (recent alcohol intake), (2) in a typical week and (3) frequency of 'binge drinking' (consuming more than 5 units/day)) in the past 30 days was estimated.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Semen quality (volume, sperm concentration, total sperm count, and percentages of motile and morphologically normal spermatozoa) and serum concentration of reproductive hormones (follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinising hormone, testosterone, sex hormone binding globulin, oestradiol, free testosterone and inhibin B).RESULTS: Sperm concentration, total sperm count and percentage of spermatozoa with normal morphology were negatively associated with increasing habitual alcohol intake. This association was observed in men reporting at least 5 units in a typical week but was most pronounced for men with a typical intake of more than 25 units/week. Men with a typical weekly intake above 40 units had a 33% (95% CI 11% to 59%) reduction in sperm concentration compared to men with an intake of 1-5 units/week. A significant increase in serum free testosterone with increasing alcohol consumption the week preceding the visit was found. Binging was not independently associated with semen quality.CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that even modest habitual alcohol consumption of more than 5 units per week had adverse effects on semen quality although most pronounced associations were seen in men who consumed more than 25 units per week. Alcohol consumption was also linked to changes in testosterone and SHBG levels. Young men should be advised to avoid habitual alcohol intake.

U2 - 10.1136/bmjopen-2014-005462

DO - 10.1136/bmjopen-2014-005462

M3 - Journal article

VL - 4

SP - 1

EP - 11

JO - B M J Open

T2 - B M J Open

JF - B M J Open

SN - 2044-6055

IS - 9

M1 - e005462

ER -

ID: 135227447