Urinary cytokines in Schistosoma haematobium-infected schoolchildren from Tana Delta District of Kenya

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Urinary cytokines in Schistosoma haematobium-infected schoolchildren from Tana Delta District of Kenya. / Njaanake, Kariuki H.; Simonsen, Paul Erik; Vennervald, Birgitte J; Mukoko, Dunstan A.; Reimert, Claus Michael; Gachuhi, Kimani; Jaoko, Walter G.; Estambale, Benson B.

I: B M C Infectious Diseases, Bind 14, 501, 2014.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Njaanake, KH, Simonsen, PE, Vennervald, BJ, Mukoko, DA, Reimert, CM, Gachuhi, K, Jaoko, WG & Estambale, BB 2014, 'Urinary cytokines in Schistosoma haematobium-infected schoolchildren from Tana Delta District of Kenya', B M C Infectious Diseases, bind 14, 501. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2334-14-501

APA

Njaanake, K. H., Simonsen, P. E., Vennervald, B. J., Mukoko, D. A., Reimert, C. M., Gachuhi, K., ... Estambale, B. B. (2014). Urinary cytokines in Schistosoma haematobium-infected schoolchildren from Tana Delta District of Kenya. B M C Infectious Diseases, 14, [501]. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2334-14-501

Vancouver

Njaanake KH, Simonsen PE, Vennervald BJ, Mukoko DA, Reimert CM, Gachuhi K o.a. Urinary cytokines in Schistosoma haematobium-infected schoolchildren from Tana Delta District of Kenya. B M C Infectious Diseases. 2014;14. 501. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2334-14-501

Author

Njaanake, Kariuki H. ; Simonsen, Paul Erik ; Vennervald, Birgitte J ; Mukoko, Dunstan A. ; Reimert, Claus Michael ; Gachuhi, Kimani ; Jaoko, Walter G. ; Estambale, Benson B. / Urinary cytokines in Schistosoma haematobium-infected schoolchildren from Tana Delta District of Kenya. I: B M C Infectious Diseases. 2014 ; Bind 14.

Bibtex

@article{70fc08d8252d44aca55bf1ef228fa9ad,
title = "Urinary cytokines in Schistosoma haematobium-infected schoolchildren from Tana Delta District of Kenya",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Pathological changes due to infection with Schistosoma haematobium include cytokine-mediated urinary tract inflammation. The involved cytokines may be excreted in urine and their presence in urine may therefore reflect S. haematobium-related urinary tract pathology. The present study, for the first time, reports on the relationship between selected cytokines in urine and infection with S. haematobium in children from an area highly affected by this parasite.METHODS: Children aged 5-12 years from two primary schools in Tana Delta District of Kenya were examined for S. haematobium eggs using urine filtration technique, for haematuria using dipstix and for eosinophil cationic protein (ECP), IL-6, IFN- γ, TNF-α and IL-10 levels using ELISA, and for S. haematobium-related urinary tract pathology using ultrasonography. In addition, venous blood was examined for serum IL-6, IFN- γ, TNF-α and IL-10 levels using ELISA.RESULTS: There was no significant correlation between urinary and serum levels of IL-6, IFN- γ, TNF-α or IL-10. There was no significant difference in geometric mean intensity (GMI) in any of the serum cytokines, or in urinary TNF-α or IFN-γ, between children with light and heavy S. haematobium infections. However, children with heavy S. haematobium infections had significantly higher GMI of urinary IL-6 (p < 0.001) and lower GMI of urinary IL-10 (p = 0.002) than children with light infections. There was also a significant positive correlation between urinary IL-6 and urinary ECP (p < 0.001) and a significant negative correlation between urinary IL-10 and urinary ECP (p = 0.012).CONCLUSION: Urinary IL-6 was positively correlated to and IL-10 was negatively correlated to infection intensity and urinary tract inflammation in S. haematobium-infected children. Urinary IL-6 and IL-10 ELISA may be a useful non-invasive tool to complement the already available tools for studying S. haematobium-related urinary tract pathology in children.",
author = "Njaanake, {Kariuki H.} and Simonsen, {Paul Erik} and Vennervald, {Birgitte J} and Mukoko, {Dunstan A.} and Reimert, {Claus Michael} and Kimani Gachuhi and Jaoko, {Walter G.} and Estambale, {Benson B.}",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1186/1471-2334-14-501",
language = "English",
volume = "14",
journal = "B M C Infectious Diseases",
issn = "1471-2334",
publisher = "BioMed Central Ltd.",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Urinary cytokines in Schistosoma haematobium-infected schoolchildren from Tana Delta District of Kenya

AU - Njaanake, Kariuki H.

AU - Simonsen, Paul Erik

AU - Vennervald, Birgitte J

AU - Mukoko, Dunstan A.

AU - Reimert, Claus Michael

AU - Gachuhi, Kimani

AU - Jaoko, Walter G.

AU - Estambale, Benson B.

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - BACKGROUND: Pathological changes due to infection with Schistosoma haematobium include cytokine-mediated urinary tract inflammation. The involved cytokines may be excreted in urine and their presence in urine may therefore reflect S. haematobium-related urinary tract pathology. The present study, for the first time, reports on the relationship between selected cytokines in urine and infection with S. haematobium in children from an area highly affected by this parasite.METHODS: Children aged 5-12 years from two primary schools in Tana Delta District of Kenya were examined for S. haematobium eggs using urine filtration technique, for haematuria using dipstix and for eosinophil cationic protein (ECP), IL-6, IFN- γ, TNF-α and IL-10 levels using ELISA, and for S. haematobium-related urinary tract pathology using ultrasonography. In addition, venous blood was examined for serum IL-6, IFN- γ, TNF-α and IL-10 levels using ELISA.RESULTS: There was no significant correlation between urinary and serum levels of IL-6, IFN- γ, TNF-α or IL-10. There was no significant difference in geometric mean intensity (GMI) in any of the serum cytokines, or in urinary TNF-α or IFN-γ, between children with light and heavy S. haematobium infections. However, children with heavy S. haematobium infections had significantly higher GMI of urinary IL-6 (p < 0.001) and lower GMI of urinary IL-10 (p = 0.002) than children with light infections. There was also a significant positive correlation between urinary IL-6 and urinary ECP (p < 0.001) and a significant negative correlation between urinary IL-10 and urinary ECP (p = 0.012).CONCLUSION: Urinary IL-6 was positively correlated to and IL-10 was negatively correlated to infection intensity and urinary tract inflammation in S. haematobium-infected children. Urinary IL-6 and IL-10 ELISA may be a useful non-invasive tool to complement the already available tools for studying S. haematobium-related urinary tract pathology in children.

AB - BACKGROUND: Pathological changes due to infection with Schistosoma haematobium include cytokine-mediated urinary tract inflammation. The involved cytokines may be excreted in urine and their presence in urine may therefore reflect S. haematobium-related urinary tract pathology. The present study, for the first time, reports on the relationship between selected cytokines in urine and infection with S. haematobium in children from an area highly affected by this parasite.METHODS: Children aged 5-12 years from two primary schools in Tana Delta District of Kenya were examined for S. haematobium eggs using urine filtration technique, for haematuria using dipstix and for eosinophil cationic protein (ECP), IL-6, IFN- γ, TNF-α and IL-10 levels using ELISA, and for S. haematobium-related urinary tract pathology using ultrasonography. In addition, venous blood was examined for serum IL-6, IFN- γ, TNF-α and IL-10 levels using ELISA.RESULTS: There was no significant correlation between urinary and serum levels of IL-6, IFN- γ, TNF-α or IL-10. There was no significant difference in geometric mean intensity (GMI) in any of the serum cytokines, or in urinary TNF-α or IFN-γ, between children with light and heavy S. haematobium infections. However, children with heavy S. haematobium infections had significantly higher GMI of urinary IL-6 (p < 0.001) and lower GMI of urinary IL-10 (p = 0.002) than children with light infections. There was also a significant positive correlation between urinary IL-6 and urinary ECP (p < 0.001) and a significant negative correlation between urinary IL-10 and urinary ECP (p = 0.012).CONCLUSION: Urinary IL-6 was positively correlated to and IL-10 was negatively correlated to infection intensity and urinary tract inflammation in S. haematobium-infected children. Urinary IL-6 and IL-10 ELISA may be a useful non-invasive tool to complement the already available tools for studying S. haematobium-related urinary tract pathology in children.

U2 - 10.1186/1471-2334-14-501

DO - 10.1186/1471-2334-14-501

M3 - Journal article

VL - 14

JO - B M C Infectious Diseases

JF - B M C Infectious Diseases

SN - 1471-2334

M1 - 501

ER -

ID: 128657047