The impact of kidney transplantation on insulin sensitivity

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Morten B Jørgensen, Mads Hornum, Gerrit van Hall, Claus Bistrup, Jesper M Hansen, Elisabeth R Mathiesen, Bo Feldt-Rasmussen

To investigate the impact of kidney transplantation (KTx) on insulin sensitivity affecting glucose metabolism. 9 nondiabetic patients awaiting living donor KTx were examined prior to transplantation with an oral glucose tolerance test and a 3-h hyperinsulinaemic-euglycaemic clamp. The clamp was repeated 6 months after KTx. Nine age-, gender- and body mass index (BMI)-matched individuals with normal kidney function served as controls. Endogenous glucose production and glucose disappearance rate (N = 6) were measured in a subgroup of patients with corresponding controls. Results presented as mean [range]. Two patients had pretransplant prediabetes, whereas all others had normal glucose tolerance. After KTx, average glucose infusion rate to maintain euglycaemia during clamp declined significantly from 15.1 [9.1-23.7] to 9.8 [2.8-14.6] μmol/kg/min (P < 0.01) with 20.2 [9.9-33.7] μmol/kg/min in controls. Endogenous glucose production increased from 7.0 [4.8-8.5] to 9.4 [7.4-11.8] μmol/kg/min (P < 0.05) with 7.0 [-3.8 to 10.1] μmol/kg/min in controls. Glucose disappearance rate was unchanged (18.1 [12.9-24.5] vs. 17.1 [12.2-22.7] μmol/kg/min, NS) with 22.3 [14.6-34.3] in controls. In conclusion, insulin sensitivity is reduced 6 months after KTx and characterized mainly by impaired suppression of the endogenous glucose production.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftTransplant International
Vol/bind30
Udgave nummer3
Sider (fra-til)295-304
Antal sider10
ISSN0934-0874
DOI
StatusUdgivet - mar. 2017

ID: 177088985