The effect of pH and ADP on ammonia affinity for human glutamate dehydrogenases

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The effect of pH and ADP on ammonia affinity for human glutamate dehydrogenases. / Zaganas, Ioannis ; Pajecka, Kamilla; Nielsen, Camilla Wendel; Schousboe, Arne; Waagepetersen, Helle S.; Plaitakis, Andreas .

I: Metabolic Brain Disease, Bind 28, Nr. 2, 06.2013, s. 127-131.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Zaganas, I, Pajecka, K, Nielsen, CW, Schousboe, A, Waagepetersen, HS & Plaitakis, A 2013, 'The effect of pH and ADP on ammonia affinity for human glutamate dehydrogenases', Metabolic Brain Disease, bind 28, nr. 2, s. 127-131. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11011-013-9382-6

APA

Zaganas, I., Pajecka, K., Nielsen, C. W., Schousboe, A., Waagepetersen, H. S., & Plaitakis, A. (2013). The effect of pH and ADP on ammonia affinity for human glutamate dehydrogenases. Metabolic Brain Disease, 28(2), 127-131. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11011-013-9382-6

Vancouver

Zaganas I, Pajecka K, Nielsen CW, Schousboe A, Waagepetersen HS, Plaitakis A. The effect of pH and ADP on ammonia affinity for human glutamate dehydrogenases. Metabolic Brain Disease. 2013 jun;28(2):127-131. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11011-013-9382-6

Author

Zaganas, Ioannis ; Pajecka, Kamilla ; Nielsen, Camilla Wendel ; Schousboe, Arne ; Waagepetersen, Helle S. ; Plaitakis, Andreas . / The effect of pH and ADP on ammonia affinity for human glutamate dehydrogenases. I: Metabolic Brain Disease. 2013 ; Bind 28, Nr. 2. s. 127-131.

Bibtex

@article{d797fb6b22e84a43a146c345952c8e14,
title = "The effect of pH and ADP on ammonia affinity for human glutamate dehydrogenases",
abstract = "Glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH) uses ammonia to reversibly convert α-ketoglutarate to glutamate using NADP(H) and NAD(H) as cofactors. While GDH in most mammals is encoded by a single GLUD1 gene, humans and other primates have acquired a GLUD2 gene with distinct tissue expression profile. The two human isoenzymes (hGDH1 and hGDH2), though highly homologous, differ markedly in their regulatory properties. Here we obtained hGDH1 and hGDH2 in recombinant form and studied their Km for ammonia in the presence of 1.0 mM ADP. The analyses showed that lowering the pH of the buffer (from 8.0 to 7.0) increased the Km for ammonia substantially (hGDH1: from 12.8 ± 1.4 mM to 57.5 ± 1.6 mM; hGDH2: from 14.7 ± 1.6 mM to 62.2 ± 1.7 mM), thus essentially precluding reductive amination. Moreover, lowering the ADP concentration to 0.1 mM not only increased the K0.5 [NH4 (+)] of hGDH2, but also introduced a positive cooperative binding phenomenon in this isoenzyme. Hence, intra-mitochondrial acidification, as occurring in astrocytes during glutamatergic transmission should favor the oxidative deamination of glutamate. Similar considerations apply to the handling of glutamate by the proximal convoluted tubules of the kidney during systemic acidosis. The reverse could apply for conditions of local or systemic hyperammonemia or alkalosis.",
author = "Ioannis Zaganas and Kamilla Pajecka and Nielsen, {Camilla Wendel} and Arne Schousboe and Waagepetersen, {Helle S.} and Andreas Plaitakis",
year = "2013",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1007/s11011-013-9382-6",
language = "English",
volume = "28",
pages = "127--131",
journal = "Metabolic Brain Disease",
issn = "0885-7490",
publisher = "Springer",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The effect of pH and ADP on ammonia affinity for human glutamate dehydrogenases

AU - Zaganas, Ioannis

AU - Pajecka, Kamilla

AU - Nielsen, Camilla Wendel

AU - Schousboe, Arne

AU - Waagepetersen, Helle S.

AU - Plaitakis, Andreas

PY - 2013/6

Y1 - 2013/6

N2 - Glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH) uses ammonia to reversibly convert α-ketoglutarate to glutamate using NADP(H) and NAD(H) as cofactors. While GDH in most mammals is encoded by a single GLUD1 gene, humans and other primates have acquired a GLUD2 gene with distinct tissue expression profile. The two human isoenzymes (hGDH1 and hGDH2), though highly homologous, differ markedly in their regulatory properties. Here we obtained hGDH1 and hGDH2 in recombinant form and studied their Km for ammonia in the presence of 1.0 mM ADP. The analyses showed that lowering the pH of the buffer (from 8.0 to 7.0) increased the Km for ammonia substantially (hGDH1: from 12.8 ± 1.4 mM to 57.5 ± 1.6 mM; hGDH2: from 14.7 ± 1.6 mM to 62.2 ± 1.7 mM), thus essentially precluding reductive amination. Moreover, lowering the ADP concentration to 0.1 mM not only increased the K0.5 [NH4 (+)] of hGDH2, but also introduced a positive cooperative binding phenomenon in this isoenzyme. Hence, intra-mitochondrial acidification, as occurring in astrocytes during glutamatergic transmission should favor the oxidative deamination of glutamate. Similar considerations apply to the handling of glutamate by the proximal convoluted tubules of the kidney during systemic acidosis. The reverse could apply for conditions of local or systemic hyperammonemia or alkalosis.

AB - Glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH) uses ammonia to reversibly convert α-ketoglutarate to glutamate using NADP(H) and NAD(H) as cofactors. While GDH in most mammals is encoded by a single GLUD1 gene, humans and other primates have acquired a GLUD2 gene with distinct tissue expression profile. The two human isoenzymes (hGDH1 and hGDH2), though highly homologous, differ markedly in their regulatory properties. Here we obtained hGDH1 and hGDH2 in recombinant form and studied their Km for ammonia in the presence of 1.0 mM ADP. The analyses showed that lowering the pH of the buffer (from 8.0 to 7.0) increased the Km for ammonia substantially (hGDH1: from 12.8 ± 1.4 mM to 57.5 ± 1.6 mM; hGDH2: from 14.7 ± 1.6 mM to 62.2 ± 1.7 mM), thus essentially precluding reductive amination. Moreover, lowering the ADP concentration to 0.1 mM not only increased the K0.5 [NH4 (+)] of hGDH2, but also introduced a positive cooperative binding phenomenon in this isoenzyme. Hence, intra-mitochondrial acidification, as occurring in astrocytes during glutamatergic transmission should favor the oxidative deamination of glutamate. Similar considerations apply to the handling of glutamate by the proximal convoluted tubules of the kidney during systemic acidosis. The reverse could apply for conditions of local or systemic hyperammonemia or alkalosis.

U2 - 10.1007/s11011-013-9382-6

DO - 10.1007/s11011-013-9382-6

M3 - Journal article

VL - 28

SP - 127

EP - 131

JO - Metabolic Brain Disease

JF - Metabolic Brain Disease

SN - 0885-7490

IS - 2

ER -

ID: 46451679