Surgical induction of choroidal neovascularization in a porcine model

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Surgical induction of choroidal neovascularization in a porcine model. / Lassota, Nathan; Kiilgaard, Jens Folke; Prause, Jan Ulrik; Qvortrup, Klaus; Scherfig, Erik; la Cour, Morten.

I: Graefe's Archives for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology, Bind 245, Nr. 8, 2007, s. 1189-98.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Lassota, N, Kiilgaard, JF, Prause, JU, Qvortrup, K, Scherfig, E & la Cour, M 2007, 'Surgical induction of choroidal neovascularization in a porcine model', Graefe's Archives for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology, bind 245, nr. 8, s. 1189-98. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00417-006-0518-9

APA

Lassota, N., Kiilgaard, J. F., Prause, J. U., Qvortrup, K., Scherfig, E., & la Cour, M. (2007). Surgical induction of choroidal neovascularization in a porcine model. Graefe's Archives for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology, 245(8), 1189-98. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00417-006-0518-9

Vancouver

Lassota N, Kiilgaard JF, Prause JU, Qvortrup K, Scherfig E, la Cour M. Surgical induction of choroidal neovascularization in a porcine model. Graefe's Archives for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology. 2007;245(8):1189-98. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00417-006-0518-9

Author

Lassota, Nathan ; Kiilgaard, Jens Folke ; Prause, Jan Ulrik ; Qvortrup, Klaus ; Scherfig, Erik ; la Cour, Morten. / Surgical induction of choroidal neovascularization in a porcine model. I: Graefe's Archives for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology. 2007 ; Bind 245, Nr. 8. s. 1189-98.

Bibtex

@article{41fa64a0abfc11ddb5e9000ea68e967b,
title = "Surgical induction of choroidal neovascularization in a porcine model",
abstract = "PURPOSE: To develop a reproducible surgical technique for the induction of choroidal neovascularization (CNV) in the subretinal space of porcine eyes and to analyse the resulting CNV clinically and histologically. METHODS: Two different modifications of a surgical technique previously described were compared with the original method. In ten porcine eyes retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells were removed using a silicone tipped cannula, in ten porcine eyes Bruch's membrane was perforated once with a retinal perforator without prior RPE removal and in ten eyes RPE removal was followed by a single perforation of Bruch's membrane. Fifteen of the eyes, five from each group, were enucleated 30 minutes after surgery, while the remaining eyes were enucleated after 14 days. Prior to enucleation, at day 14, fundus photographs and fluorescein angiograms were obtained. Eyes were examined by light microscopy and by immunohistochemical staining. In addition to these 30 eyes, two eyes underwent surgery with the purpose of subsequent scanning electron microscopic (SEM) examination. RESULTS: In eyes enucleated immediately after surgery neuroretinas overlying the induced lesions were intact without apparent atrophy of cells regardless of the surgical technique applied. The process of RPE removal was found to induce breaks in Bruch's membrane and both the size and the number of breaks varied between eyes. CNV membranes were identified in 15 of 15 eyes enucleated after 14 days. CNV membranes induced by perforation of Bruch's membrane without prior RPE removal were significantly thicker than membranes from eyes undergoing both RPE removal and Bruch's perforation (p = 0.03) and also thicker than membranes from eyes with only RPE-removal (p < 0.01). CNV membranes from eyes with perforation of Bruch's membrane without prior RPE removal had a higher cellular content and were more richly vascularized and also exhibited the highest propensity to leak in fluorescense angiograms. CONCLUSION: All three surgical techniques were capable of inducing CNV, but the one applying perforation of Bruch's membrane without RPE removal was easier to reproduce and involved fewer variables than the techniques utilizing RPE removal. The presence of RPE cells seems to affect both the morphology and cellular composition of induced CNV.",
author = "Nathan Lassota and Kiilgaard, {Jens Folke} and Prause, {Jan Ulrik} and Klaus Qvortrup and Erik Scherfig and {la Cour}, Morten",
note = "Keywords: Animals; Bruch Membrane; Choroidal Neovascularization; Disease Models, Animal; Eye Enucleation; Fluorescein Angiography; Immunoenzyme Techniques; Microscopy, Electron, Scanning; Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures; Pigment Epithelium of Eye; Rupture; Swine",
year = "2007",
doi = "10.1007/s00417-006-0518-9",
language = "English",
volume = "245",
pages = "1189--98",
journal = "Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology",
issn = "0721-832X",
publisher = "Springer",
number = "8",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Surgical induction of choroidal neovascularization in a porcine model

AU - Lassota, Nathan

AU - Kiilgaard, Jens Folke

AU - Prause, Jan Ulrik

AU - Qvortrup, Klaus

AU - Scherfig, Erik

AU - la Cour, Morten

N1 - Keywords: Animals; Bruch Membrane; Choroidal Neovascularization; Disease Models, Animal; Eye Enucleation; Fluorescein Angiography; Immunoenzyme Techniques; Microscopy, Electron, Scanning; Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures; Pigment Epithelium of Eye; Rupture; Swine

PY - 2007

Y1 - 2007

N2 - PURPOSE: To develop a reproducible surgical technique for the induction of choroidal neovascularization (CNV) in the subretinal space of porcine eyes and to analyse the resulting CNV clinically and histologically. METHODS: Two different modifications of a surgical technique previously described were compared with the original method. In ten porcine eyes retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells were removed using a silicone tipped cannula, in ten porcine eyes Bruch's membrane was perforated once with a retinal perforator without prior RPE removal and in ten eyes RPE removal was followed by a single perforation of Bruch's membrane. Fifteen of the eyes, five from each group, were enucleated 30 minutes after surgery, while the remaining eyes were enucleated after 14 days. Prior to enucleation, at day 14, fundus photographs and fluorescein angiograms were obtained. Eyes were examined by light microscopy and by immunohistochemical staining. In addition to these 30 eyes, two eyes underwent surgery with the purpose of subsequent scanning electron microscopic (SEM) examination. RESULTS: In eyes enucleated immediately after surgery neuroretinas overlying the induced lesions were intact without apparent atrophy of cells regardless of the surgical technique applied. The process of RPE removal was found to induce breaks in Bruch's membrane and both the size and the number of breaks varied between eyes. CNV membranes were identified in 15 of 15 eyes enucleated after 14 days. CNV membranes induced by perforation of Bruch's membrane without prior RPE removal were significantly thicker than membranes from eyes undergoing both RPE removal and Bruch's perforation (p = 0.03) and also thicker than membranes from eyes with only RPE-removal (p < 0.01). CNV membranes from eyes with perforation of Bruch's membrane without prior RPE removal had a higher cellular content and were more richly vascularized and also exhibited the highest propensity to leak in fluorescense angiograms. CONCLUSION: All three surgical techniques were capable of inducing CNV, but the one applying perforation of Bruch's membrane without RPE removal was easier to reproduce and involved fewer variables than the techniques utilizing RPE removal. The presence of RPE cells seems to affect both the morphology and cellular composition of induced CNV.

AB - PURPOSE: To develop a reproducible surgical technique for the induction of choroidal neovascularization (CNV) in the subretinal space of porcine eyes and to analyse the resulting CNV clinically and histologically. METHODS: Two different modifications of a surgical technique previously described were compared with the original method. In ten porcine eyes retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells were removed using a silicone tipped cannula, in ten porcine eyes Bruch's membrane was perforated once with a retinal perforator without prior RPE removal and in ten eyes RPE removal was followed by a single perforation of Bruch's membrane. Fifteen of the eyes, five from each group, were enucleated 30 minutes after surgery, while the remaining eyes were enucleated after 14 days. Prior to enucleation, at day 14, fundus photographs and fluorescein angiograms were obtained. Eyes were examined by light microscopy and by immunohistochemical staining. In addition to these 30 eyes, two eyes underwent surgery with the purpose of subsequent scanning electron microscopic (SEM) examination. RESULTS: In eyes enucleated immediately after surgery neuroretinas overlying the induced lesions were intact without apparent atrophy of cells regardless of the surgical technique applied. The process of RPE removal was found to induce breaks in Bruch's membrane and both the size and the number of breaks varied between eyes. CNV membranes were identified in 15 of 15 eyes enucleated after 14 days. CNV membranes induced by perforation of Bruch's membrane without prior RPE removal were significantly thicker than membranes from eyes undergoing both RPE removal and Bruch's perforation (p = 0.03) and also thicker than membranes from eyes with only RPE-removal (p < 0.01). CNV membranes from eyes with perforation of Bruch's membrane without prior RPE removal had a higher cellular content and were more richly vascularized and also exhibited the highest propensity to leak in fluorescense angiograms. CONCLUSION: All three surgical techniques were capable of inducing CNV, but the one applying perforation of Bruch's membrane without RPE removal was easier to reproduce and involved fewer variables than the techniques utilizing RPE removal. The presence of RPE cells seems to affect both the morphology and cellular composition of induced CNV.

U2 - 10.1007/s00417-006-0518-9

DO - 10.1007/s00417-006-0518-9

M3 - Journal article

VL - 245

SP - 1189

EP - 1198

JO - Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology

JF - Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology

SN - 0721-832X

IS - 8

ER -

ID: 8441565