Partial genetic turnover in Neandertals: continuity in the East and population replacement in the West

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftLetter

Love Dalén, Ludovic Antoine Alexandre Orlando, Beth Shapiro, Mikael Brandström-Durling, Rolf Quam, Tom Gilbert, J. Carlos Díez Fernández-Lomana, Eske Willerslev, Juan Luis Arsuaga, Anders Götherström

Remarkably little is known about the population-level processes leading up to the extinction of the neandertal. To examine this, we use mtDNA sequences from 13 neandertal individuals, including a novel sequence from northern Spain, to examine neandertal demographic history. Our analyses indicate that recent western European neandertals (48 kyr) European neandertals. Using control region sequences, Bayesian demographic simulations provide higher support for a model of population fragmentation followed by separate demographic trajectories in subpopulations over a null model of a single stable population. The most parsimonious explanation for these results is that of a population turnover in western Europe during early Marine Isotope Stage 3, predating the arrival of anatomically modern humans in the region.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftMolecular Biology and Evolution
Vol/bind29
Udgave nummer8
Sider (fra-til)1893-1897
Antal sider5
ISSN0737-4038
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2012

ID: 37801140