Genetic Variants Associated with Anxiety and Stress-Related Disorders: A Genome-Wide Association Study and Mouse-Model Study

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Genetic Variants Associated with Anxiety and Stress-Related Disorders : A Genome-Wide Association Study and Mouse-Model Study. / Meier, Sandra M.; Trontti, Kalevi; Purves, Kirstin L.; Als, Thomas Damm; Grove, Jakob; Laine, Mikaela; Pedersen, Marianne Giørtz; Bybjerg-Grauholm, Jonas; Bækved-Hansen, Marie; Sokolowska, Ewa; Mortensen, Preben B.; Hougaard, David M.; Werge, Thomas; Nordentoft, Merete; Breen, Gerome; Børglum, Anders D.; Eley, Thalia C.; Hovatta, Iiris; Mattheisen, Manuel; Mors, Ole.

I: JAMA Psychiatry, 2019.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Meier, SM, Trontti, K, Purves, KL, Als, TD, Grove, J, Laine, M, Pedersen, MG, Bybjerg-Grauholm, J, Bækved-Hansen, M, Sokolowska, E, Mortensen, PB, Hougaard, DM, Werge, T, Nordentoft, M, Breen, G, Børglum, AD, Eley, TC, Hovatta, I, Mattheisen, M & Mors, O 2019, 'Genetic Variants Associated with Anxiety and Stress-Related Disorders: A Genome-Wide Association Study and Mouse-Model Study', JAMA Psychiatry. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2019.1119

APA

Meier, S. M., Trontti, K., Purves, K. L., Als, T. D., Grove, J., Laine, M., ... Mors, O. (2019). Genetic Variants Associated with Anxiety and Stress-Related Disorders: A Genome-Wide Association Study and Mouse-Model Study. JAMA Psychiatry. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2019.1119

Vancouver

Meier SM, Trontti K, Purves KL, Als TD, Grove J, Laine M o.a. Genetic Variants Associated with Anxiety and Stress-Related Disorders: A Genome-Wide Association Study and Mouse-Model Study. JAMA Psychiatry. 2019. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2019.1119

Author

Meier, Sandra M. ; Trontti, Kalevi ; Purves, Kirstin L. ; Als, Thomas Damm ; Grove, Jakob ; Laine, Mikaela ; Pedersen, Marianne Giørtz ; Bybjerg-Grauholm, Jonas ; Bækved-Hansen, Marie ; Sokolowska, Ewa ; Mortensen, Preben B. ; Hougaard, David M. ; Werge, Thomas ; Nordentoft, Merete ; Breen, Gerome ; Børglum, Anders D. ; Eley, Thalia C. ; Hovatta, Iiris ; Mattheisen, Manuel ; Mors, Ole. / Genetic Variants Associated with Anxiety and Stress-Related Disorders : A Genome-Wide Association Study and Mouse-Model Study. I: JAMA Psychiatry. 2019.

Bibtex

@article{5b5ce99d83a1494c8212513b6c799199,
title = "Genetic Variants Associated with Anxiety and Stress-Related Disorders: A Genome-Wide Association Study and Mouse-Model Study",
abstract = "Importance: Anxiety and stress-related disorders are among the most common mental disorders. Although family and twin studies indicate that both genetic and environmental factors play an important role underlying their etiology, the genetic underpinnings of anxiety and stress-related disorders are poorly understood. Objectives: To estimate the single-nucleotide polymorphism-based heritability of anxiety and stress-related disorders; to identify novel genetic risk variants, genes, or biological pathways; to test for pleiotropic associations with other psychiatric traits; and to evaluate the association of psychiatric comorbidities with genetic findings. Design, Setting, Participants: This genome-wide association study included individuals with various anxiety and stress-related diagnoses and controls derived from the population-based Lundbeck Foundation Initiative for Integrative Psychiatric Research (iPSYCH) study. Lifetime diagnoses of anxiety and stress-related disorders were obtained through the national Danish registers. Genes of interest were further evaluated in mice exposed to chronic social defeat. The study was conducted between June 2016 and November 2018. Main Outcomes and Measures: Diagnoses of a relatively broad diagnostic spectrum of anxiety and stress-related disorders. Results: The study sample included 12655 individuals with various anxiety and stress-related diagnoses and 19225 controls. Overall, 17740 study participants (55.6{\%}) were women. A total of 7308 participants (22.9{\%}) were born between 1981-1985, 8840 (27.7{\%}) between 1986-1990, 8157 (25.6{\%}) between 1991-1995, 5918 (18.6{\%}) between 1996-2000, and 1657 (5.2{\%}) between 2001-2005. Standard association analysis revealed variants in PDE4B to be associated with anxiety and stress-related disorder (rs7528604; P = 5.39 × 10-11; odds ratio = 0.89; 95{\%} CI, 0.86-0.92). A framework of sensitivity analyses adjusting for mental comorbidity supported this result showing consistent association of PDE4B variants with anxiety and stress-related disorder across analytical scenarios. In mouse models, alterations in Pde4b expression were observed in those mice displaying anxiety-like behavior after exposure to chronic stress in the prefrontal cortex (P =.002; t = -3.33) and the hippocampus (P =.001; t = -3.72). We also found a single-nucleotide polymorphism heritability of 28{\%} (standard error = 0.027) and that the genetic signature of anxiety and stress-related overlapped with psychiatric traits, educational outcomes, obesity-related phenotypes, smoking, and reproductive success. Conclusions and Relevance: This study highlights anxiety and stress-related disorders as complex heritable phenotypes with intriguing genetic correlations not only with psychiatric traits, but also with educational outcomes and multiple obesity-related phenotypes. Furthermore, we highlight the candidate gene PDE4B as a robust risk locus pointing to the potential of PDE4B inhibitors in treatment of these disorders.",
author = "Meier, {Sandra M.} and Kalevi Trontti and Purves, {Kirstin L.} and Als, {Thomas Damm} and Jakob Grove and Mikaela Laine and Pedersen, {Marianne Gi{\o}rtz} and Jonas Bybjerg-Grauholm and Marie B{\ae}kved-Hansen and Ewa Sokolowska and Mortensen, {Preben B.} and Hougaard, {David M.} and Thomas Werge and Merete Nordentoft and Gerome Breen and B{\o}rglum, {Anders D.} and Eley, {Thalia C.} and Iiris Hovatta and Manuel Mattheisen and Ole Mors",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2019.1119",
language = "English",
journal = "J A M A Psychiatry",
issn = "2168-622X",
publisher = "The JAMA Network",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Genetic Variants Associated with Anxiety and Stress-Related Disorders

T2 - A Genome-Wide Association Study and Mouse-Model Study

AU - Meier, Sandra M.

AU - Trontti, Kalevi

AU - Purves, Kirstin L.

AU - Als, Thomas Damm

AU - Grove, Jakob

AU - Laine, Mikaela

AU - Pedersen, Marianne Giørtz

AU - Bybjerg-Grauholm, Jonas

AU - Bækved-Hansen, Marie

AU - Sokolowska, Ewa

AU - Mortensen, Preben B.

AU - Hougaard, David M.

AU - Werge, Thomas

AU - Nordentoft, Merete

AU - Breen, Gerome

AU - Børglum, Anders D.

AU - Eley, Thalia C.

AU - Hovatta, Iiris

AU - Mattheisen, Manuel

AU - Mors, Ole

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Importance: Anxiety and stress-related disorders are among the most common mental disorders. Although family and twin studies indicate that both genetic and environmental factors play an important role underlying their etiology, the genetic underpinnings of anxiety and stress-related disorders are poorly understood. Objectives: To estimate the single-nucleotide polymorphism-based heritability of anxiety and stress-related disorders; to identify novel genetic risk variants, genes, or biological pathways; to test for pleiotropic associations with other psychiatric traits; and to evaluate the association of psychiatric comorbidities with genetic findings. Design, Setting, Participants: This genome-wide association study included individuals with various anxiety and stress-related diagnoses and controls derived from the population-based Lundbeck Foundation Initiative for Integrative Psychiatric Research (iPSYCH) study. Lifetime diagnoses of anxiety and stress-related disorders were obtained through the national Danish registers. Genes of interest were further evaluated in mice exposed to chronic social defeat. The study was conducted between June 2016 and November 2018. Main Outcomes and Measures: Diagnoses of a relatively broad diagnostic spectrum of anxiety and stress-related disorders. Results: The study sample included 12655 individuals with various anxiety and stress-related diagnoses and 19225 controls. Overall, 17740 study participants (55.6%) were women. A total of 7308 participants (22.9%) were born between 1981-1985, 8840 (27.7%) between 1986-1990, 8157 (25.6%) between 1991-1995, 5918 (18.6%) between 1996-2000, and 1657 (5.2%) between 2001-2005. Standard association analysis revealed variants in PDE4B to be associated with anxiety and stress-related disorder (rs7528604; P = 5.39 × 10-11; odds ratio = 0.89; 95% CI, 0.86-0.92). A framework of sensitivity analyses adjusting for mental comorbidity supported this result showing consistent association of PDE4B variants with anxiety and stress-related disorder across analytical scenarios. In mouse models, alterations in Pde4b expression were observed in those mice displaying anxiety-like behavior after exposure to chronic stress in the prefrontal cortex (P =.002; t = -3.33) and the hippocampus (P =.001; t = -3.72). We also found a single-nucleotide polymorphism heritability of 28% (standard error = 0.027) and that the genetic signature of anxiety and stress-related overlapped with psychiatric traits, educational outcomes, obesity-related phenotypes, smoking, and reproductive success. Conclusions and Relevance: This study highlights anxiety and stress-related disorders as complex heritable phenotypes with intriguing genetic correlations not only with psychiatric traits, but also with educational outcomes and multiple obesity-related phenotypes. Furthermore, we highlight the candidate gene PDE4B as a robust risk locus pointing to the potential of PDE4B inhibitors in treatment of these disorders.

AB - Importance: Anxiety and stress-related disorders are among the most common mental disorders. Although family and twin studies indicate that both genetic and environmental factors play an important role underlying their etiology, the genetic underpinnings of anxiety and stress-related disorders are poorly understood. Objectives: To estimate the single-nucleotide polymorphism-based heritability of anxiety and stress-related disorders; to identify novel genetic risk variants, genes, or biological pathways; to test for pleiotropic associations with other psychiatric traits; and to evaluate the association of psychiatric comorbidities with genetic findings. Design, Setting, Participants: This genome-wide association study included individuals with various anxiety and stress-related diagnoses and controls derived from the population-based Lundbeck Foundation Initiative for Integrative Psychiatric Research (iPSYCH) study. Lifetime diagnoses of anxiety and stress-related disorders were obtained through the national Danish registers. Genes of interest were further evaluated in mice exposed to chronic social defeat. The study was conducted between June 2016 and November 2018. Main Outcomes and Measures: Diagnoses of a relatively broad diagnostic spectrum of anxiety and stress-related disorders. Results: The study sample included 12655 individuals with various anxiety and stress-related diagnoses and 19225 controls. Overall, 17740 study participants (55.6%) were women. A total of 7308 participants (22.9%) were born between 1981-1985, 8840 (27.7%) between 1986-1990, 8157 (25.6%) between 1991-1995, 5918 (18.6%) between 1996-2000, and 1657 (5.2%) between 2001-2005. Standard association analysis revealed variants in PDE4B to be associated with anxiety and stress-related disorder (rs7528604; P = 5.39 × 10-11; odds ratio = 0.89; 95% CI, 0.86-0.92). A framework of sensitivity analyses adjusting for mental comorbidity supported this result showing consistent association of PDE4B variants with anxiety and stress-related disorder across analytical scenarios. In mouse models, alterations in Pde4b expression were observed in those mice displaying anxiety-like behavior after exposure to chronic stress in the prefrontal cortex (P =.002; t = -3.33) and the hippocampus (P =.001; t = -3.72). We also found a single-nucleotide polymorphism heritability of 28% (standard error = 0.027) and that the genetic signature of anxiety and stress-related overlapped with psychiatric traits, educational outcomes, obesity-related phenotypes, smoking, and reproductive success. Conclusions and Relevance: This study highlights anxiety and stress-related disorders as complex heritable phenotypes with intriguing genetic correlations not only with psychiatric traits, but also with educational outcomes and multiple obesity-related phenotypes. Furthermore, we highlight the candidate gene PDE4B as a robust risk locus pointing to the potential of PDE4B inhibitors in treatment of these disorders.

U2 - 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2019.1119

DO - 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2019.1119

M3 - Journal article

JO - J A M A Psychiatry

JF - J A M A Psychiatry

SN - 2168-622X

ER -

ID: 223192366